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Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme Bill 2009

2008-2009

 

The Parliament of the

Commonwealth of Australia

 

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

 

 

 

 

Presented and read a first time

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme Bill 2009

 

No.      , 2009

 

(Climate Change and Water)

 

 

 

A Bill for an Act to reduce pollution caused by emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, and for other purposes

   

   

   



Contents

Part 1—Preliminary                                                                                                              1

1............ Short title............................................................................................. 1

2............ Commencement................................................................................... 2

3............ Objects................................................................................................ 3

4............ Simplified outline................................................................................ 4

5............ Definitions.......................................................................................... 5

5A......... Extended meaning of supply ............................................................. 28

6............ When supply occurs.......................................................................... 28

7............ Vacancy in the office of an expert advisory committee member........ 29

8............ Electronic notice transmitted to the Authority.................................... 29

9............ Crown to be bound........................................................................... 30

10.......... Extension to external Territories........................................................ 30

11.......... Extension to exclusive economic zone and continental shelf............. 30

11A....... Extension to Joint Petroleum Development Area.............................. 30

12.......... Application to foreign ships.............................................................. 31

Part 2—National scheme cap and national scheme gateway                      32

13.......... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 32

14.......... National scheme cap.......................................................................... 32

15.......... National scheme gateway.................................................................. 35

Part 3—Liable entities                                                                                                        38

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                           38

16.......... Simplified outline.............................................................................. 38

Division 2—Direct emitters of greenhouse gases                                         40

Subdivision A—General rules                                                                                40

17.......... Liable entity—controlling corporation of a group............................. 40

18.......... Liable entity—non-group entity........................................................ 43

19.......... Liable entity—holder of a liability transfer certificate........................ 47

Subdivision B—Landfill facilities                                                                        50

20.......... Liable entity for landfill emissions—controlling corporation of a group  50

21.......... Liable entity for landfill emissions—non-group entity...................... 55

22.......... Liable entity for landfill emissions—holder of a liability transfer certificate             60

Subdivision BA—Adjustment of provisional emissions number in relation to a facility in the Joint Petroleum Development Area or the Greater Sunrise unit area          65

22A....... Joint Petroleum Development Area—adjustment of provisional emissions number                65

22B....... Joint Petroleum Development Area-Greater Sunrise unit area—adjustment of provisional emissions number        66

22C....... Greater Sunrise unit area—adjustment of provisional emissions number 67

Subdivision C—Anti-avoidance                                                                             68

23.......... Anti-avoidance.................................................................................. 68

Subdivision D—Greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of a facility 69

24.......... Greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of a facility.................... 69

25.......... Measurement of greenhouse gas emitted from the operation of a facility 70

Division 3—Importers, manufacturers and suppliers of synthetic greenhouse gases    71

26.......... Liable entity—import of synthetic greenhouse gas............................ 71

27.......... Liable entity—manufacture of synthetic greenhouse gas................... 73

28.......... Liable entity—re-supply of synthetic greenhouse gas to recipient who does not quote an OTN              75

29.......... Liable entity—supply of synthetic greenhouse gas to a person who misuses the person’s OTN             75

30.......... Anti-avoidance.................................................................................. 76

Division 4—Importers, producers and suppliers of eligible upstream fuels        78

31.......... Liable entity—import of liquid petroleum fuel.................................. 78

32.......... Liable entity—production of liquid petroleum fuel............................ 79

33.......... Liable entity—supply of untransformed eligible upstream fuel (other than liquid petroleum fuel)           80

33A....... Liable entity—re-supply of natural gas previously supplied out of a prescribed wholesale gas market    82

34.......... Liable entity—application to own use of untransformed eligible upstream fuel (other than liquid petroleum fuel)   82

35.......... Liable entity—supply of transformed eligible upstream fuel............. 83

36.......... Liable entity—application of transformed eligible upstream fuel to own use            85

37.......... Liable entity—re-supply of eligible upstream fuel............................. 85

38.......... Liable entity—application of eligible upstream fuel to OTN holder’s own use        87

39.......... Liable entity—application of transformed eligible upstream fuel to OTN holder’s own use    88

40.......... Liable entity—supply of eligible upstream fuel to a person who misuses the person’s OTN   89

Division 5—Obligation transfer numbers                                                        90

Subdivision A—Issue of obligation transfer numbers                                     90

41.......... Issue of OTN.................................................................................... 90

42.......... Application for OTN......................................................................... 90

43.......... Further information........................................................................... 90

44.......... Issue of OTN as the result of an application..................................... 91

45.......... Issue of OTN on the Authority’s own initiative................................ 92

46.......... Surrender of OTN............................................................................. 92

47.......... Cancellation of OTN......................................................................... 93

48.......... OTN is not transferable..................................................................... 93

49.......... OTN Register.................................................................................... 93

50.......... Evidentiary provisions...................................................................... 94

50A....... Notification of change of name or address of OTN holder............... 94

Subdivision B—Methods of quotation of obligation transfer numbers      95

51.......... Quotation of OTN............................................................................. 95

51A....... One-off quotation of OTN................................................................ 96

51B....... Standing quotation of OTN............................................................... 97

51BA.... Withdrawal of quotation of OTN if OTN is cancelled or surrendered 98

51C....... Withdrawal of standing quotation of OTN by OTN holder.............. 98

51D....... Withdrawal of quotation of OTN by agreement................................ 98

51E........ Validation of quotation of OTN........................................................ 99

51F........ Effect of surrender or cancellation of OTN—grace period for standing quotation   99

51G....... Effect of surrender or cancellation of OTN—grace period for one-off quotation     100

Subdivision C—Mandatory quotation of obligation transfer numbers    101

52.......... Mandatory quotation of OTN—large user of eligible upstream fuel 101

53.......... Mandatory quotation of OTN—re-supplier of natural gas.............. 102

54.......... Mandatory quotation of OTN—liquid petroleum gas marketer....... 103

55.......... Mandatory quotation of OTN—use of certain fuels as a feedstock. 104

Subdivision D—Voluntary quotation of obligation transfer numbers      105

56.......... Voluntary quotation of OTN—large user of eligible upstream fuel 105

58.......... Voluntary quotation of OTN—use of fuel in manufacturing other products etc.      107

59.......... Voluntary quotation of OTN—transformation of fuel.................... 107

60.......... Voluntary quotation of OTN—export or re-supply of eligible upstream fuel           108

63.......... Voluntary quotation of OTN—re-supply of synthetic greenhouse gas 108

64.......... Voluntary quotation of OTN—export or re-supply of synthetic greenhouse gas     108

64AA.... Voluntary quotation of OTN—use of synthetic greenhouse gas as a feedstock       109

Subdivision E—General provisions                                                                   109

64A....... Acknowledgement of one-off quotation of OTN............................ 109

64B....... Acknowledgement of standing quotation of OTN.......................... 110

65.......... Rejection of quotation of OTN—re-supply of eligible upstream fuel 110

66.......... Rejection of voluntary quotation of OTN........................................ 112

66A....... Unauthorised mandatory quotation of OTN.................................... 112

67.......... Misuse of OTN............................................................................... 113

68.......... Quotation of bogus OTN................................................................ 114

Division 6—Liability transfer certificates                                                      116

Subdivision A—Transfer of liability to another member of a controlling corporation’s group               116

69.......... Category A transfer test.................................................................. 116

70.......... Application for liability transfer certificate...................................... 116

71.......... Further information......................................................................... 117

72.......... Issue of liability transfer certificate.................................................. 117

Subdivision B—Transfer of liability to a person who has financial control of a facility            118

73.......... Category B transfer test................................................................... 118

74.......... Application for liability transfer certificate...................................... 119

75.......... Further information......................................................................... 120

76.......... Issue of liability transfer certificate.................................................. 120

Subdivision C—Other provisions                                                                        122

77.......... Duration of liability transfer certificate............................................ 122

78.......... Surrender of liability transfer certificate.......................................... 123

79.......... Cancellation of liability transfer certificate....................................... 124

80.......... Liability transfer certificate is not transferable................................. 125

81.......... Financial control.............................................................................. 125

Part 4—Emissions units                                                                                                   127

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         127

82.......... Simplified outline............................................................................ 127

Division 2—Australian emissions units                                                            129

Subdivision A—Issue of Australian emissions units                                       129

83.......... Issue of Australian emissions units................................................. 129

84.......... Identification number...................................................................... 129

85.......... Vintage year.................................................................................... 129

86.......... When Australian emissions units may be issued............................. 129

87.......... How Australian emissions units are to be issued............................ 130

88.......... Circumstances in which Australian emissions units may be issued 130

89.......... Issue of Australian emissions units for a fixed charge.................... 130

90.......... Payment of charges for the issue of Australian emissions units...... 134

91.......... Imposition of charges for the issue of Australian emissions units.. 135

92.......... Issue of Australian emissions units—national scheme cap number 135

93.......... Australian emissions units—total number....................................... 135

Subdivision B—Property in, and transfer of, Australian emissions units 136

94.......... An Australian emissions unit is personal property.......................... 136

95.......... Transfer of Australian emissions units............................................ 136

96.......... Transmission of Australian emissions units by assignment............ 137

97.......... Transmission of Australian emissions units by operation of law etc. 137

98.......... Transfer of Australian emissions units to another Registry account held by the transferor      139

98A....... Equitable interests in relation to an Australian emissions unit......... 140

Subdivision C—Auctions of Australian emissions units                                140

99.......... Issue of Australian emissions units as the result of an auction........ 140

100........ Secondary market auctions of relinquished Australian emissions units 140

101........ Secondary market auctions of free Australian emissions units........ 140

102........ Combined auctions of Australian emissions units........................... 141

103........ Policies, procedures and rules for auctioning Australian emissions units 141

Subdivision D—Special provisions relating to free Australian emissions units              142

103A..... Cancellation of certain unused free Australian emissions units....... 142

103B..... Buy-back of certain free Australian emissions units....................... 143

Division 3—Kyoto units                                                                                           145

104........ Entries for Kyoto units.................................................................... 145

105........ Issue of Australia’s assigned amount units..................................... 145

106........ Issue of removal units..................................................................... 145

107........ Transfer of Kyoto units................................................................... 146

108........ Domestic transfers of Kyoto units.................................................. 147

109........ Outgoing international transfers of Kyoto units.............................. 148

110........ Incoming international transfers of Kyoto units.............................. 149

111........ Compliance by Australia with emissions trading eligibility requirements under the Kyoto rules             150

112........ Kyoto rules..................................................................................... 150

113........ Carry-over restrictions.................................................................... 151

114........ Commitment period reserve............................................................ 152

115........ Cancellation of temporary certified emission reductions or long-term certified emission reductions        153

116........ Replacement of long-term certified emission reductions................. 153

116A..... Restrictions on transfer of Kyoto units to a Commonwealth Registry account         155

116B..... A registered Kyoto unit is personal property for certain purposes.. 155

116C..... Transmission of registered Kyoto units by operation of law etc..... 155

Division 4—Non-Kyoto international emissions units                             158

117........ Entries for non-Kyoto international emissions units....................... 158

118........ Transfer of non-Kyoto international emissions units...................... 158

119........ Domestic transfers of non-Kyoto international emissions units...... 159

120........ Outgoing international transfers of non-Kyoto international emissions units           160

121........ Incoming international transfers of non-Kyoto international emissions units           161

122........ Surrender restrictions...................................................................... 161

122A..... A registered non-Kyoto international emissions unit is personal property for certain purposes               161

122B..... Transmission of registered non-Kyoto international emissions units by operation of law etc. 162

123........ Regulations about non-Kyoto international emissions units............ 163

Part 5—Emissions number                                                                                            164

124........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 164

125........ Emissions number........................................................................... 164

126........ Assessment of emissions number—incorrect report given by liable entity               165

127........ Assessment of emissions number—no report given by liable entity 166

Part 6—Surrender of eligible emissions units                                                    168

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         168

128........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 168

Division 2—How eligible emissions units are surrendered                   170

129........ How eligible emissions units are surrendered................................. 170

Division 3—Unit shortfalls                                                                                      174

130........ Unit shortfalls................................................................................. 174

131........ Assessment of unit shortfall............................................................ 175

Division 4—Obligation to surrender eligible emissions units               177

132........ Obligation to surrender eligible emissions units.............................. 177

133........ Penalty for unit shortfall.................................................................. 177

134........ When penalty becomes due and payable......................................... 178

135........ Late payment penalty....................................................................... 178

136........ Recovery of penalties...................................................................... 179

137........ Set-off............................................................................................. 179

138........ Liability transfer certificate—statutory guarantee............................ 180

139........ Refund of overpayments................................................................. 180

141........ Benchmark average auction price.................................................... 181

142........ Make-good number......................................................................... 182

143........ Excess surrender number................................................................ 183

Division 5—Extension of surrender deadline                                               186

143A..... Extension of surrender deadline...................................................... 186

Part 7—Australian National Registry of Emissions Units                         188

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         188

144........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 188

Division 2—Australian National Registry of Emissions Units            189

145........ Australian National Registry of Emissions Units............................ 189

Division 3—Registry accounts                                                                              190

146........ Registry accounts............................................................................ 190

147........ Opening of Registry accounts—general.......................................... 190

148........ Designation of Commonwealth Registry accounts.......................... 192

149........ Opening of new Commonwealth Registry accounts....................... 192

150........ Units in a retirement, cancellation or replacement account............... 193

151........ Totals of Australian emissions units in a Registry account............. 193

152........ Voluntary closure of Registry accounts.......................................... 194

Division 4—Change in name of account holder                                          195

153........ Application to have new name entered on the Registry................... 195

154........ Alteration in the Registry................................................................ 195

Division 5—Correction and rectification of Registry                              196

155........ Corrections of clerical errors or obvious defects............................. 196

157........ General power of correction of Registry—Kyoto units.................. 196

158........ General power of correction of Registry—non-Kyoto international emissions units               196

159........ Rectification of Registry.................................................................. 197

Division 6—Miscellaneous                                                                                      199

160........ Making a false entry in the Registry................................................ 199

161........ Falsified documents........................................................................ 199

162........ Evidentiary provisions.................................................................... 199

163........ Use and disclosure of information obtained from the Registry....... 200

164........ Regulations about the Registry........................................................ 201

Part 8—Emissions-intensive trade-exposed assistance program            203

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         203

165........ Aim and objects.............................................................................. 203

166........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 204

Division 2—Formulation of the emissions-intensive trade-exposed assistance program             205

167........ Emissions-intensive trade-exposed assistance program.................. 205

168........ Relinquishment requirement............................................................ 205

169........ Reporting requirement..................................................................... 206

170........ Record-keeping requirement........................................................... 206

171........ Other matters................................................................................... 206

172........ Ancillary or incidental provisions................................................... 207

Division 3—Compliance with reporting and record-keeping requirements under the emissions-intensive trade-exposed assistance program                                          208

173........ Compliance with reporting and record-keeping requirements......... 208

Division 4—Special information-gathering powers                                  210

173A..... Minister may obtain information..................................................... 210

173B..... No assistance for 2 eligible financial years if corporation refuses or fails to comply with request for information  211

173C..... Disclosure of information to the Authority..................................... 211

Part 9—Coal-fired electricity generation                                                              212

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         212

174........ Object.............................................................................................. 212

175........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 212

Division 2—Issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of generation assets      213

176........ Issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of generation assets 213

Division 3—Certificate of eligibility for coal-fired generation assistance             217

177........ Application for certificate of eligibility for coal-fired generation assistance              217

178........ Form of application......................................................................... 218

179........ Further information......................................................................... 218

180........ Issue of certificate of eligibility for coal-fired generation assistance 219

181........ Criteria for issuing certificate of eligibility for coal-fired generation assistance        220

182........ Annual assistance factor.................................................................. 222

Division 4—Windfall gain                                                                                       225

183........ No assistance for 2014-2015 or 2015-2016 if a windfall gain declaration is in force etc.        225

184........ Revocation of Ministerial determination.......................................... 225

185........ Submission about windfall gain...................................................... 227

186........ Windfall gain declaration................................................................. 228

187........ Windfall gain test............................................................................ 230

Division 5—Power system reliability                                                                235

188........ No assistance if generation asset does not pass the power system reliability test     235

189........ Power system reliability test............................................................ 235

189A..... Anticipatory certification—reduction in nameplate rating............... 237

189B..... Anticipatory certification—cessation of registration as a generator 238

Part 10—Reforestation                                                                                                    240

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         240

190........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 240

Division 2—Issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of reforestation               242

191........ Issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of reforestation. 242

Division 3—Certificate of reforestation                                                          243

192........ Application for certificate of reforestation....................................... 243

193........ Form of application......................................................................... 243

194........ Further information......................................................................... 243

195........ Issue of certificate of reforestation.................................................. 244

196........ Unit entitlement............................................................................... 246

197........ Certificate of reforestation is not transferable.................................. 247

Division 4—Recognised reforestation entities                                              248

198........ Application for recognition as a reforestation entity........................ 248

199........ Form of application......................................................................... 248

200........ Further information......................................................................... 248

201........ Recognition as a reforestation entity................................................ 249

202........ Cancellation of recognition.............................................................. 251

203........ Surrender of recognition................................................................. 252

204........ Recognition is not transferable........................................................ 253

Division 5—Eligible reforestation projects                                                    254

Subdivision A—Declaration of eligible reforestation project                     254

205........ Application for declaration of eligible reforestation project............. 254

206........ Form of application......................................................................... 254

207........ Further information......................................................................... 254

208........ Withdrawal of application............................................................... 255

209........ Declaration of eligible reforestation project..................................... 255

Subdivision B—Voluntary variation of declaration of eligible reforestation project 258

210........ Application for variation of declaration of eligible reforestation project 258

211........ Withdrawal of application............................................................... 259

212........ Variation of declaration of eligible reforestation project.................. 260

Subdivision C—Unilateral variation of declaration of eligible reforestation project 262

213........ Variation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—partial cessation of reforestation activity         262

214........ Variation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—eligibility requirements not met       263

Subdivision D—Voluntary revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project               265

215........ Voluntary revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—units issued  265

216........ Voluntary revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—no units issued             266

Subdivision E—Unilateral revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project               267

217........ Unilateral revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—cessation of reforestation activity  267

218........ Unilateral revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—eligibility requirements not met     268

219........ Unilateral revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project—ceasing to hold carbon sequestration right etc......................................................................................................... 269

Division 6—Reforestation unit limit                                                                  270

220........ Reforestation unit limit.................................................................... 270

221........ Increase of reforestation unit limit................................................... 271

222........ Decrease of reforestation unit limit.................................................. 271

Division 7—Reforestation reporting periods                                                273

223........ First reforestation reporting period.................................................. 273

224........ Subsequent reforestation reporting periods..................................... 274

Division 8—Reforestation reporting requirements                                   275

225........ Reforestation reports....................................................................... 275

Division 9—Forest maintenance obligation                                                   277

Subdivision A—Forest maintenance obligation                                              277

226........ Forest maintenance obligation......................................................... 277

Subdivision B—Injunctions                                                                                  279

227........ Injunctions...................................................................................... 279

228........ Interim injunctions.......................................................................... 280

229........ Discharge etc. of injunctions........................................................... 280

230........ Certain limits on granting injunctions not to apply.......................... 280

231........ Other powers of the Federal Court unaffected................................ 281

Division 10—Relinquishment of Australian emissions units                 282

232........ Requirement to relinquish—unilateral revocation of declaration of eligible reforestation project              282

233........ Relinquishment requirement—decrease in reforestation unit limit for eligible reforestation project          283

234........ Relinquishment obligation transfer agreement................................. 284

Division 11—Miscellaneous notification requirements                           286

235........ Notification requirement—ceasing to hold carbon sequestration right 286

Division 12—Entries in title registers                                                               287

236........ Entries in title registers—general..................................................... 287

237........ Entries in title registers—land subject to forest maintenance obligation 287

Division 13—Register of Reforestation Projects                                        289

238........ Register of Reforestation Projects................................................... 289

239........ Entries in the Register..................................................................... 289

Division 14—Carbon sequestration right and forestry right               291

240........ Carbon sequestration right.............................................................. 291

241........ Forestry right.................................................................................. 294

Division 15—Net total number of Australian emissions units issued in relation to an eligible reforestation project                                                                                                     297

242........ Net total number of Australian emissions units issued in relation to an eligible reforestation project       297

Part 11—Destruction of synthetic greenhouse gases                                     298

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         298

244........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 298

Division 2—Issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of the destruction of synthetic greenhouse gases                                                                                                         299

245........ Issue of free Australian emissions units in respect of the destruction of synthetic greenhouse gases       299

Division 3—Certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction              300

246........ Application for certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction              300

247........ Form of application......................................................................... 300

248........ Further information......................................................................... 301

249........ Issue of certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction 301

250........ Criteria for issuing certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction        302

251........ Unit entitlement............................................................................... 304

252........ Certificate of eligible synthetic greenhouse gas destruction is not transferable         304

Division 4—Recognised synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customers            306

253........ Application for recognition as a synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer      306

254........ Form of application......................................................................... 306

255........ Further information......................................................................... 306

256........ Recognition as a synthetic greenhouse gas destruction customer.... 307

257........ Cancellation of recognition.............................................................. 308

258........ Surrender of recognition................................................................. 310

259........ Recognition is not transferable........................................................ 310

Part 12—Publication of information                                                                       311

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         311

260........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 311

Division 2—Information about liable entities                                               312

261........ Liable Entities Public Information Database.................................... 312

262........ Liable entities to be entered in the Information Database................. 312

263........ Emissions number to be entered in the Information Database......... 313

264........ Unit shortfall to be entered in the Information Database................. 313

265........ Unpaid administrative penalty to be entered in the Information Database 315

266........ Number of surrendered eligible emissions units to be entered in the Information Database     316

267........ Number of voluntarily cancelled units to be entered in the Information Database    316

267A..... Relinquishment requirement to be entered in the Information Database 317

267B..... Unpaid administrative penalty to be entered in the Information Database 318

267C..... Number of relinquished units to be entered in the Information Database 319

268........ Correction and rectification of the Information Database................ 319

Division 3—Information about holders of Registry accounts             320

269........ Information about holders of Registry accounts.............................. 320

Division 4—Information about units                                                                 321

270........ Information about auction results—last auction.............................. 321

271........ Information about auction results—last 6 months........................... 321

272........ Information about issue of Australian emissions units for a fixed charge                323

273........ Information about issue of free Australian emissions units............. 324

274........ Quarterly reports about issue of free Australian emissions units.... 325

275........ Information about surrender of borrowed and banked eligible emissions units        326

276........ Kyoto information........................................................................... 326

277........ Information about total emissions numbers and unit shortfalls....... 327

278........ Publication of concise description of the characteristics of eligible emissions units 327

Division 5—Information about voluntary cancellation of units held by persons other than liable entities                                                                                                                     329

278A..... Information about number of voluntarily cancelled Australian emissions units        329

278B..... Information about number of voluntarily cancelled Kyoto units..... 329

278C..... Information about number of voluntarily cancelled non-Kyoto international emissions units  330

Division 6—Information about relinquishment requirements for persons other than liable entities     331

278D..... Information about relinquishment requirements.............................. 331

278E...... Information about unpaid administrative penalties.......................... 332

278F...... Information about number of relinquished units............................. 332

Division 7—Information about designated large landfill facilities    334

278G..... Publication of list of designated large landfill facilities.................... 334

Part 13—Fraudulent conduct                                                                                      335

279........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 335

280........ Units issued as a result of fraudulent conduct—court may order relinquishment     335

Part 14—Voluntary cancellation of emissions units                                       338

281........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 338

282........ Voluntary cancellation of Australian emissions units...................... 338

283........ Voluntary cancellation of Kyoto units............................................. 339

284........ Voluntary cancellation of non-Kyoto international emissions units 340

Part 15—Relinquishment of Australian emissions units                             342

Division 1—Introduction                                                                                         342

285........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 342

Division 2—How Australian emissions units are relinquished            343

286........ How Australian emissions units are relinquished........................... 343

Division 3—Compliance with relinquishment requirements                346

287........ Compliance with relinquishment requirements................................ 346

288........ Late payment penalty....................................................................... 348

289........ Recovery of penalties...................................................................... 349

290........ Set-off............................................................................................. 349

291........ Refund of overpayments................................................................. 349

Part 16—Notification of significant holding of Australian emissions units             351

292........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 351

293........ Notification of significant holding of Australian emissions units—controlling corporation of a group    351

294........ Notification of significant holding of Australian emissions units—non-group entity               353

Part 17—Information-gathering powers                                                              356

295........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 356

296........ Authority may obtain information or documents............................. 356

297........ Copying documents—compensation............................................... 357

298........ Copies of documents....................................................................... 357

299........ Authority may retain documents..................................................... 358

300........ Self-incrimination............................................................................ 358

Part 18—Record-keeping requirements                                                               360

301........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 360

302........ Record-keeping requirements—general.......................................... 360

303........ Record-keeping requirements—quotation of OTN......................... 361

304........ Record-keeping requirements—rejection of quotation of OTN....... 362

Part 19—Monitoring powers                                                                                       363

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                               363

305........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 363

Division 2—Appointment of inspectors and issue of identity cards 364

306........ Appointment of inspectors.............................................................. 364

307........ Identity cards................................................................................... 364

Division 3—Powers of inspectors                                                                        366

Subdivision A—Monitoring powers                                                                   366

308........ Inspector may enter premises by consent or under a warrant.......... 366

309........ Monitoring powers of inspectors.................................................... 366

310........ Persons assisting inspectors............................................................ 369

Subdivision B—Powers of inspectors to ask questions and seek production of documents          369

311........ Inspector may ask questions and seek production of documents.... 369

312........ Self-incrimination............................................................................ 370

Division 4—Obligations and incidental powers of inspectors              371

313........ Consent........................................................................................... 371

314........ Announcement before entry under warrant..................................... 371

315........ Inspector to be in possession of warrant......................................... 372

316........ Details of warrant etc. to be given to occupier................................. 372

317........ Expert assistance to operate electronic equipment........................... 372

318........ Compensation for damage to electronic equipment......................... 374

Division 5—Occupier’s rights and responsibilities                                    376

319........ Occupier entitled to observe execution of warrant........................... 376

320........ Occupier to provide inspector with facilities and assistance............ 376

Division 6—Monitoring warrants                                                                       377

321........ Monitoring warrants....................................................................... 377

Division 7—Powers of magistrates                                                                    379

322........ Powers of magistrates..................................................................... 379

Part 20—Liability of executive officers of bodies corporate                    380

323........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 380

324........ Civil penalties for executive officers of bodies corporate................ 380

325........ Reasonable steps to prevent contravention...................................... 381

Part 21—Civil penalty orders                                                                                      382

326........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 382

326A..... References to Court......................................................................... 382

327........ Civil penalty orders......................................................................... 382

328........ Who may apply for a civil penalty order......................................... 384

329........ 2 or more proceedings may be heard together................................. 384

330........ Time limit for application for an order............................................. 384

331........ Civil evidence and procedure rules for civil penalty orders............. 384

332........ Civil proceedings after criminal proceedings................................... 384

333........ Criminal proceedings during civil proceedings............................... 384

334........ Criminal proceedings after civil proceedings................................... 385

335........ Evidence given in proceedings for a civil penalty order not admissible in criminal proceedings              385

336........ Mistake of fact................................................................................ 385

337........ State of mind................................................................................... 386

338........ Continuing contraventions.............................................................. 387

Part 22—Offences relating to administrative penalties                                389

339........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 389

340........ Scheme to avoid existing liability to pay administrative penalty...... 389

341........ Scheme to avoid future liability to pay administrative penalty......... 390

Part 23—Enforceable undertakings                                                                        393

342........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 393

343........ Acceptance of undertakings............................................................ 393

344........ Enforcement of undertakings.......................................................... 393

Part 24—Review of decisions                                                                                       395

345........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 395

346........ Reviewable decisions...................................................................... 395

347........ Applications for reconsideration of decisions made by delegates of the Authority   398

348........ Reconsideration by the Authority.................................................... 399

349........ Deadline for reconsideration........................................................... 399

350........ Review by the Administrative Appeals Tribunal............................. 399

351........ Stay of proceedings for the recovery of an administrative penalty.. 400

Part 25—Independent reviews                                                                                    402

Division 1—Simplified outline                                                                               402

352........ Simplified outline............................................................................ 402

Division 2—Periodic reviews                                                                                 403

353........ Periodic reviews to be conducted by an expert advisory committee 403

354........ Report of periodic review................................................................ 406

Division 3—Special reviews                                                                                   408

355........ Special reviews to be conducted by an expert advisory committee.. 408

356........ Report of special review.................................................................. 408

Division 4—Expert advisory committees                                                       410

357........ Establishment of expert advisory committees.................................. 410

358........ Functions of an expert advisory committee..................................... 410

359........ Membership of an expert advisory committee................................. 410

360........ Appointment of expert advisory committee members..................... 410

361........ Period for appointment for expert advisory committee members.... 411

362........ Acting expert advisory committee members.................................... 412

363........ Procedures...................................................................................... 413

364........ Disclosure of interests to the Minister............................................. 414

365........ Disclosure of interests to expert advisory committee...................... 414

366........ Outside employment....................................................................... 415

367........ Remuneration and allowances......................................................... 415

368........ Leave of absence............................................................................. 415

369........ Resignation..................................................................................... 415

370........ Termination of appointment............................................................ 416

371........ Other terms and conditions............................................................. 417

372........ Assistance to expert advisory committee......................................... 417

373........ Consultants..................................................................................... 417

Part 26—Miscellaneous                                                                                                   418

374........ Miscellaneous functions of the Authority....................................... 418

374A..... Computerised decision-making....................................................... 418

375........ Delegation by the Minister.............................................................. 419

376........ Concurrent operation of State and Territory laws............................ 419

377........ Law relating to legal professional privilege not affected.................. 419

378........ Arrangements with States and Territories....................................... 420

379........ Liability for damages....................................................................... 422

380........ Executive power of the Commonwealth.......................................... 422

381........ Notional payments by the Commonwealth...................................... 422

382........ Alternative constitutional basis........................................................ 423

383........ Compensation for acquisition of property....................................... 426

384........ Prescribing matters by reference to other instruments..................... 427

385........ Administrative decisions under the regulations............................... 427

386........ Transitional—definitions................................................................. 428

387........ Regulations..................................................................................... 428

 



A Bill for an Act to reduce pollution caused by emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, and for other purposes

The Parliament of Australia enacts: