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Thursday, 1 August 1946

Speech by the Chairman, Dr. H. V. Evatt (Australia), 25 June, 1946.

Before closing this general discussion of the question of the statement of the United States of America representative and of the Assembly resolution, I shall state briefly the views of Australia on the proposals which have been placed before us.

The Problem must be Considered as a Whole.

One essential point must be made clearat the outset.

The highly complex problem which confronts us should be considered as a whole. It is not sound to deal with any one of its many aspects in isolation. Action which is proposed in one direction must necessarily have a bearing on action which is taken or proposed in other directions.

From this point of view - that the problem is to be dealt with as a whole - the plan submitted by the United States of America representative offers a sound basis; for planning. The Australian Government is in general agreement with the proposal made by Mr. Baruch that, as part of a single plan, an international authority , be established for the purpose of preventing the misuse of atomic energy and ensuring its use for the purpose of promoting the general welfare of mankind.

Mr. Gromykohas suggested the study of a draft international agreement forbidding the manufacture and use of atomic weapons, to be followed by other measures involving strict supervision and control to see that the terms of the agreements are strictly observed. This suggestion must receive careful consideration and, I believe, it can be fitted into the general plan implied in the United States of America proposals. Mr. Gromyko's proposals, however, do not, in my view, give sufficient recognition to the essential interrelation between all the various parts of the one great problem.

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