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Thursday, 11 July 1946


Mr SCULLY (Gwydir) (Minister for Commerce and Agriculture) . - I move - 1.That a charge bc imposed -

(a)   on all wheat harvested on or after the first day of October, One thousand nine hundred and fortyfive, and exported from the Commonwealth, whether by the Board or by any other person, on or after the first day of December. One thousand nine hundred and fortyfive; and

(b)   on all wheat products manufactured from wheat so harvested which are exported from the Commonwealth, whether by the Board or by any other person, on or after the first day of December, One thousand nine hundred and forty-five.

2.   That, subject to a lower rate being prescribed by the regulations, the rate of the charge per bushel of wheat exported by any person, other than the Board, bo fifty per centum of the amount by which the price per bushel for export of fair average quality bagged wheat free on rail at the port of export, as declared from time to time by the Board, or such lower price as may be pres- cribed by the regulations, exceeds Five shillings and two pence.

3.   That, subject to a lower rate being prescribed by the regulations, the rate of the charge per bushel on wheat of any season exported by the Board be fifty per centum of the amount by which the average price per bushel free on rail at the ports of export for fair average quality bagged wheat of all the wheat of that season exported by the Board, or . such lower price at as may be prescribed by the regulations, exceeds Five shillings and two pence.

4.   That, where wheat products are exported, the charge be imposed on the wheat equivalent of those products.

5.   That all moneys payable by any person, other than the Board, in respect of any wheat or wheat products, be paid, on or before the ent ry of the wheat or wheat products for export, to such officers in the respective States. or in the Northern Territory, as may be prescribed by the regulations.

6.   That the amount of the charge payable bythe Board be paid in instalments due on the first days of January, April, July and October.

7.   That, for the purpose of determining the amount of any instalment, the wheat of any season exported by the Board up to the end of the period of three months immediately preceding the due dato of the instalment, bedeemed to be all the wheat of that season exported by the Board.

8.   That, when the rate of the charge on wheat of that season is ascertained in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 3 of this Resolution, the necessary adjustment be made.

9.   That for the purposes of this resolution - (a.) where wheat is sold by the Board for export or for manufacture into wheat products for export, the Board be deemed to be the exporter of the wheat; and

(b)   the wheat equivalent of any wheat products be ascertained in such manner as the Board may determine.

10.   That for the purposes of this resolution -

(a)   the expression "the Board" mean the Australian Wheat Board proposed to be constituted under the Wheat Industry Stabilization Bill, 1946; and

(b)   the expression "the regulations" mean the regulations made under the Act passed to give effect to this Resolution;. and

(c)   the expression "wheat products" mean any substance produced by the gristing, crushing, grinding, milling, or otherwise processing of wheat, and include semolina, sharps, wheatmeal, self-raising flour, rice substitutes made from wheat, breakfast foods containing wheat, and any other commodity produced mainly from wheat, but do not include bran, pollard, bread, cake or biscuits.

11.   That the Act passed to give effect to this Resolution continue in operation until a date (not being earlier than the thirtieth day of September, One thousand nine hundred and fifty) fixed by Proclamation as the date upon which the Act shall cease to be in operation.

This motion is to give effect to the Government's wheat stabilization policy in regard to the contribution by growers. It relates to a charge on all wheat exported. The charge applies to wheat now in No. 9 pool from the 1945-46 season and to later crops. It will be 50 per cent. of the excess of the export price above the guarantee, the other half going to growers as a part of the pool return. There is provision for a lower rate than 50 per cent. to be prescribed, or for a lower price to be prescribed for the basis of calculating the . 50 per cent. contribution. It has already been stated that this season growers will get the full benefit of the export price above 9s. 6d. a bushel and sothat price will be used this season instead of the actual export return now estimated at 10s. a bushel. The reason for this is that a price of 9s. 6d. a bushel was used as the basis of calculation when the plan was being considered, and now that the export return is likely to exceed 9s. 6d. a bushel the growers will get the full benefit of the extra amounts. . Other portions of the resolution are intended to facilitate collection of the charge on a pool basis. The Australian Wheat Board will, in effect, be the export seller, and will pay the charge at reasonable intervals instead of paying each time a shipment is made. The payments will be adjusted to the actual pool return, and will not be based on the fluctuating prices of small parts of the crop.

Question resolved in the affirmative.

Resolution reported.

Standing Orders suspended ; resolution adopted.

Ordered -

That Mr. Scully andMr. Johnson do prepare and bring in a bill to carry out the foregoing resolution.

Bill presented byMr. Scully, and read a first time.







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