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Part 3 - Elections - Electoral divisions - Origins of names of electoral divisions

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Origins of names of electoral divisions

Adelaide (SA)

City. Named after Queen Adelaide (1792-1849), the wife of King William IV.

Aston (Vic.)

Tilly Aston (1873-1947), blind writer and teacher who helped found the library of the Victorian Association of Braille Writers.

Ballarat (Vic.)

City. Name derived from two aboriginal words meaning 'a resting or camping place'. (Ballaarat until 1977 redistribution.)

Banks (NSW)

Sir Joseph Banks (1743-1820), botanist who accompanied Captain James Cook on his voyage to Australia.

Barker (SA)

Captain Collet Barker (1784-1831), who was sent in 1831 by Governor Darling of New South Wales to try to solve the mystery of the mouth of the River Murray.

Barton (NSW)

Sir Edmund Barton (1849-1920), NSW Legislative Assembly, NSW Legislative Council; House of Representatives, Australia's first Prime Minister; High Court; constitution-writer.

Bass (Tas.)

Dr George Bass (1771-1803), surgeon and explorer.

Batman (Vic.)

John Batman (1801-39), early settler and explorer, known as the 'Founder of Melbourne'.

Bendigo (Vic.)

City. Named after local prize-fighter who was called 'Bendigo' after British champion, William 'Abednego' Thompson.

Bennelong (NSW)

Bennelong (1764?-1813), Aboriginal whom Governor Phillip befriended in 1788.

Berowra (NSW)

Aboriginal word, possibly meaning 'place of many winds'.

Blair (Qld)

Harold Blair (1924-76), noted Australian tenor and Aboriginal activist.

Blaxland (NSW)

Gregory Blaxland (1778-1853), settler and explorer, one of first to cross the Blue Mountains.

Bonner (Qld)

Neville Thomas Bonner (1922-99), Senate, the first indigenous member of the Commonwealth Parliament.

Boothby (SA)

William Robinson Boothby (1829-1903), Returning Officer for first election of South Australian Members to the House of Representatives. Commissioner to distribute South Australia into divisions 1903.

Bowman (Qld)

David Bowman (1860-1916), Queensland Legislative Assembly, Queensland ALP leader.

Braddon (Tas.)

Sir Edward Braddon (1829-1904), Tasmanian House of Assembly, Premier; House of Representatives; constitution-writer.

Bradfield (NSW)

Dr John Bradfield (1867-1943), engineer, designer of Sydney Harbour Bridge.

Brand (WA)

Sir David Brand (1912-79), Western Australian Legislative Assembly, Premier.

Brisbane (Qld)

Sir Thomas Brisbane (1773-1860), Governor New South Wales.

Bruce (Vic.)

Stanley Melbourne Bruce, later Lord Bruce (1883-1967), House of Representatives, Prime Minister.

Calare (NSW)

River. Aboriginal name for Lachlan River.

Calwell (Vic.)

Arthur Calwell (1896-1973), House of Representatives, ALP Leader.

Canberra (ACT)

City. Aboriginal word possibly meaning 'meeting place'.

Canning (WA)

Alfred Canning (1860-1936), explorer and surveyor who pioneered stock roads and rabbit-proof fences in Western Australia.

Capricornia (Qld)

Located on the Tropic of Capricorn.

Casey (Vic.)

Richard Casey, later Lord Casey (1890-1976), House of Representatives, Australian Minister to United States, Governor-General.

Charlton (NSW)

Matthew Charlton (1866-1948), NSW Legislative Assembly; House of Representatives, ALP Leader.

Chifley (NSW)

Ben Chifley (1885-1951), House of Representatives, Prime Minister.

Chisholm (Vic.)

Caroline Chisholm (1808-77), social worker, advocate of female immigration to New South Wales.

Cook (NSW)

Captain James Cook (1728-79), British explorer, the first to discover the East Coast of Australia, 1770.

Corangamite (Vic.)

Lake. Aboriginal word for 'bitter' (describing the salt content of the lake).

Corio (Vic.)

Bay. Aboriginal word for 'small marsupial'.

Cowan (WA)

Edith Cowan (1861-1932), Western Australian Legislative Assembly, first female member of an Australian Parliament.

Cowper (NSW)

Sir Charles Cowper (1807-75), New South Wales Legislative Assembly, Premier.

Cunningham (NSW)

Allan Cunningham (1791-1839), botanist and explorer.

Curtin (WA)

John Curtin (1885-1945), House of Representatives, Prime Minister.

Dawson (Qld)

Anderson Dawson (1863-1910), Queensland Legislative Assembly, Australia's first Labor Premier; Senate.

Deakin (Vic.)

Alfred Deakin (1856-1919), Victorian Legislative Assembly; House of Representatives, Prime Minister; constitution-writer.

Denison (Tas.)

Sir William Denison (1804-71), Lieutenant-Governor Tasmania, Governor New South Wales, Governor Madras.

Dickson (Qld)

Sir James Dickson (1832-1901), Queensland Legislative Assembly, Premier; first Commonwealth Cabinet.

Dobell (NSW)

Sir William Dobell (1899-1970), Australian artist.

Dunkley (Vic.)

Louisa Dunkley (1866-1927), founder Victorian Women's Post and Telegraph Association, campaigner for equal pay for women.

Durack (WA)

The Western Australian pioneer family: Patrick Durack (1834-93), pastoralist; Michael Durack (1865-1950), pastoralist; Mary Durack (1913-94), historian; Elizabeth Durack (1915-2000), artist and writer.

Eden-Monaro (NSW)

Region. Biblical place-name; Aboriginal word for 'breasts'.

Fadden (Qld)

Arthur Fadden (1894-1973), House of Representatives, Prime Minister.

Fairfax (Qld)

Ruth Fairfax (1878-1948), a founder and first Queensland president of the Country Women's Association.

Farrer (NSW)

William Farrer (1845-1906), wheat breeder and experimentalist.

Fisher (Qld)

Andrew Fisher (1862-1928), Queensland Legislative Assembly; House of Representatives, Prime Minister.

Flinders (Vic.)

Matthew Flinders (1774-1814), navigator and explorer, first to circumnavigate Australia.

Flynn (Qld)

John Flynn (1880-1951), aviator and founder of the Royal Flying Doctor Service.

Forde (Qld)

Francis Forde (1890-1983), Queensland Legislative Assembly; House of Representatives, Prime Minister.

Forrest (WA)

Sir John Forrest, later Baron Forrest (1847-1918), Western Australia Legislative Council, Legislative Assembly, first Premier; House of Representatives; constitution-writer.

Fowler (NSW)

Lillian Fowler (1886-1954), NSW Legislative Assembly; first female mayor in Australia.

Franklin (Tas.)

Sir John Franklin (1786-1847), Lieutenant-Governor Tasmania; Arctic explorer.

Fraser (ACT)

Jim Fraser (1908-70), Member for Australian Capital Territory, House of Representatives.

Fremantle (WA)

Port. Captain Charles Fremantle (1800-69) took possession of Western Australia 1829, later established the port of Fremantle.

Gellibrand (Vic.)

Joseph Tice Gellibrand (1792?-1837), lawyer and explorer.

Gilmore (NSW)

Dame Mary Gilmore (1865-1962), poet, author, journalist and campaigner for social reform.

Gippsland (Vic.)

Region. Sir George Gipps (1791-1847), Governor of New South Wales.

Goldstein (Vic.)

Vida Goldstein (1869-1949), first woman candidate for a national parliamentary election in the British Empire.

Gorton (Vic.)

Sir John Gorton (1911-2002), Senate, House of Representatives, Prime Minister.

Grayndler (NSW)

Edward Grayndler (1867-1943), NSW Legislative Council; General Secretary Australian Workers' Union.

Greenway (NSW)

Francis Greenway (1777-1837), colonial architect.

Grey (SA)

Captain George Grey (1812-98), Governor South Australia, Governor New Zealand, Governor Cape Colony.

Griffith (SA)

Sir Samuel Griffith (1845-1920), Queensland Legislative Assembly, Premier; first Chief Justice High Court; constitution-writer.

Groom (Qld)

Sir Littleton Groom (1867-1936), House of Representatives, Speaker.

Hasluck (WA)

Sir Paul Hasluck (1905-93), House of Representatives; Governor-General. Dame Alexandra Hasluck (1908-93), author and historian.

Herbert (Qld)

Sir Robert Herbert (1831-1905), Queensland Legislative Assembly, first Premier.

Higgins (Vic.)

Henry Bournes Higgins (1851-1929), House of Representatives; High Court, President Conciliation and Arbitration Court; constitution-writer.

Hindmarsh (SA)

Sir John Hindmarsh (1785-1860), first Governor South Australia.

Hinkler (Qld)

Bert Hinkler (1892-1933), aviator.

Holt (Vic.)

Harold Holt (1908-67), House of Representatives, Prime Minister.

Hotham (Vic.)

Sir Charles Hotham (1806-55), Governor Victoria.

Hughes (NSW)

William Morris Hughes (1862-1952), New South Wales Legislative Assembly; House of Representatives, Prime Minister.

Hume (NSW)

Hamilton Hume (1797-1873), Australian explorer.

Hunter (NSW)

John Hunter (1737-1821), Governor New South Wales.

Indi (Vic.)

Aboriginal word for Murray River.

Isaacs (Vic.)

Sir Isaac Isaacs (1855-1948), Victorian Legislative Assembly; House of Representatives; High Court; Governor-General.

Jagajaga (Vic.)

Three principal Aboriginal elders who signed a treaty with John Batman in 1835 which gave the white settlers land at Port Phillip Bay.

Kennedy (Qld)

Edmund Kennedy (1818-48), Australian explorer.

Kingsford Smith (NSW)

Sir Charles Kingsford Smith (1897-1935), Australian aviator.

Kingston (SA)

Charles Cameron Kingston (1850-1908), South Australian Legislative Assembly, Premier; House of Representatives; constitution-writer.

Kooyong (Vic.)

Melbourne suburb. Aboriginal word for 'camp' or 'resting place'.

Lalor (Vic.)

Peter Lalor (1827-89), leader Eureka Stockade rebellion 1854; Victorian Legislative Council.

La Trobe (Vic.)

Charles La Trobe (1801-75), first Governor Victoria.

Leichhardt (Qld)

Ludwig Leichhardt (1813-48), Australian explorer and scientist.

Lilley (Qld)

Sir Charles Lilley (1827-97), Queensland Legislative Assembly, Premier; Chief Justice Queensland.

Lindsay (NSW)

Norman Lindsay (1879-1969), writer and artist.

Lingiari (NT)

Vincent Lingiari (1908-88), Gurindji stockman and land rights leader.

Longman (Qld)

Irene Longman (1877-1964), first female member, Queensland Legislative Assembly.

Lyne (NSW)

Sir William Lyne (1844-1913), New South Wales Legislative Assembly, Premier; House of Representatives.

Lyons (Tas.)

Joseph Lyons (1879-1939), Tasmanian House of Assembly, Premier; House of Representatives, Prime Minister. Dame Enid Lyons (1897-1981), first female in House of Representatives, first female member Commonwealth Cabinet.

Macarthur (NSW)

Captain John Macarthur (1767-1834), founder Australian merino wool industry.

McEwen (Vic.)

Sir John McEwen (1900-80), House of Representatives, Prime Minister.

Mackellar (NSW)

Dorothea Mackellar (1885-1968), Australian poet and novelist.

Macquarie (NSW)

Lachlan Macquarie (1762-1824), Governor New South Wales.

McMahon (NSW)

William McMahon (1908-88), House of Representatives, Prime Minister.

McMillan (Vic.)

Angus McMillan (1810-65), pioneer explorer East Gippsland.

McPherson (Qld)

Mountain Range. Major Donald McPherson (birth, death details unknown) His Majesty's 39th Regiment.

Makin (SA)

Norman Makin (1889-1882), House of Representatives, Speaker.

Mallee (Vic.)

Region. Aboriginal word for 'dwarf eucalypts' which grow in the area.

Maranoa (Qld)

River. Aboriginal word, meaning unknown.

Maribyrnong (Vic.)

River. Aboriginal word for 'yam' or 'edible root'.

Mayo (SA)

Helen Mayo (1878-1967), medical practitioner, co-founder Mothers' and Babies' Health Association, co-founder St Anne's College, University of Adelaide, first woman elected to a University Council.

Melbourne (Vic.)

City. Lord Melbourne (1779-1848), British Prime Minister.

Melbourne Ports (Vic.)

see 'Melbourne'.

Menzies (Vic.)

Sir Robert Menzies (1894-1978), House of Representatives, Prime Minister.

Mitchell (NSW)

Sir Thomas Mitchell (1792-1855), Australian explorer, Surveyor-General.

Moncrieff (Qld)

Gladys Moncrieff (1892-1976), singer, light opera and musical comedy.

Moore (WA)

George Moore (1798-1886), Western Australian Advocate-General.

Moreton (Qld)

Bay. Captain Cook named the bay after Earl of Morton, but a spelling error in Hawksworth's edition of the account of Cook's voyages saw the present-day spelling become the accepted form.

Murray (Vic.)

River. Sir George Murray (1772-1846), Secretary of State for Colonies.

New England (NSW)

Region. England, Great Britain, possibly also New England, USA.

Newcastle (NSW)

City. English city.

North Sydney (NSW)

see 'Sydney'.

O'Connor (WA)

Charles O'Connor (1843-1902), Engineer-in-Chief Western Australia, designer Fremantle Harbour, supervisor of construction Perth to Kalgoorlie water pipeline.

Oxley (Qld)

John Oxley (1784?-1828), Australian explorer, surveyor.

Page (NSW)

Sir Earle Page (1880-1961), House of Representatives, Prime Minister.

Parkes (NSW)

Sir Henry Parkes (1815-1896), New South Wales Legislative Council, Legislative Assembly, Premier; President National Australian Convention 1891 which wrote early draft of Australian constitution.

Parramatta (NSW)

City. Aboriginal word for 'plenty of eels' or 'head of river'.

Paterson (NSW)

Andrew Barton (Banjo) Paterson (1864-1941), poet, author and journalist.

Pearce (WA)

Sir George Pearce (1870-1952), Senate, Minister for Defence during First World War.

Perth (WA)

City. Scottish city.

Petrie (Qld)

Andrew Petrie (1798-1872), civil engineer, pioneer, explorer and first free settler in Brisbane.

Port Adelaide (SA)

see 'Adelaide'.

Rankin (Qld)

Dame Annabelle Rankin (1908-86), Senate, first female Commonwealth Minister with departmental responsibilities; High Commissioner to New Zealand.

Reid (NSW)

Sir George Reid (1845-1918), New South Wales Legislative Assembly, Premier; House of Representatives, Prime Minister; constitution-writer.

Richmond (NSW)

Third Duke of Richmond (1735-1806), Master-General of Ordnance.

Riverina (NSW)

Region. From 'riverine', situated or dwelling on the banks of a river.

Robertson (NSW)

Sir John Robertson (1816-91), New South Wales Legislative Assembly, Premier.

Ryan (Qld)

Thomas Ryan (1870-1943), Queensland Legislative Assembly, Premier; House of Representatives.

Scullin (Vic.)

James Scullin (1876-1953), House of Representatives, Prime Minister.

Shortland (NSW)

Lieutenant John Shortland (1769-1810) discovered coal near Newcastle and Hunter River.

Solomon (NT)

Vaiben Louis Solomon (1853-1908), Member for Northern Territory, South Australian House of Assembly; House of Representatives.

Stirling (WA)

Sir James Stirling (1791-1865), first Governor Western Australia.

Sturt (SA)

Captain Charles Sturt (1795-1869), explorer, soldier, public servant.

Swan (WA)

River. Originally named Swaanen River by Willem de Vlaming, Dutch sea captain, 1697.

Sydney (NSW)

City. First Viscount Sydney (1732-1800), Secretary of State for Colonies.

Tangney (WA)

Dame Dorothy Tangney (1911-85), first female in Senate.

Throsby (NSW)

Dr Charles Throsby (1777-1828), pioneer settler, surgeon, explorer.

Wakefield (SA)

Edward Gibbon Wakefield (1796-1862), while serving term of imprisonment, evolved plan for systematic, scientific mode of colonisation. The plan formed the basis of settlement in South Australia.

Wannon (Vic.)

River. Aboriginal name, meaning uncertain.

Warringah (NSW)

Sydney location. Aboriginal name for south side of what became Middle Harbour.

Watson (NSW)

Chris Watson (1867-1941), House of Representatives, Prime Minister.

Wentworth (NSW)

William Charles Wentworth (1790-1872), explorer, one of first to cross Blue Mountains; New South Wales Legislative Council.

Werriwa (NSW)

Aboriginal name for Lake George, which was located in electorate 1901.

Wide Bay (Qld)

Bay. Named by Captain Cook in 1770.

Wills (Vic.)

William John Wills (1834-61), explorer, member Burke and Wills expedition to Gulf of Carpentaria on which both men died.

Wright (Qld)

Judith Arundel Wright (1915-2000), poet, environmentalist and campaigner for Aboriginal land rights.