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Part 6 - Historical information on the Australian Parliament - Party representation in Parliament - Senate

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Senate

Date

Govt(a)

ALP

FT

PROT

LIB

NAT

CP

UAP

Others(b)

Total

29/30.3.1901

PROT

8

17

11

-

-

-

-

-

36

1.1.1904

PROT

14

12

8

-

-

-

-

2

36

1.1.1907

PROT

15

12

6

-

-

-

-

3

36

1.7.1910

ALP

23

-

-

13(c)

-

-

-

-

36

1.7.1913

LIB

29

-

-

7

-

-

-

-

36

5.9.1914

ALP

31

-

-

5

-

-

-

-

36

1.7.1917

NAT

12

-

-

-

24

-

-

-

36

1.7.1920

NAT

1

-

-

-

35

-

-

-

36

1.7.1923

NAT/CP

12

-

-

-

24

-

-

-

36

1.7.1926

NAT/CP

8

-

-

-

25

3

-

-

36

1.7.1929

NAT/CP

7

-

-

-

24

5

-

-

36

1.7.1932

UAP

10

-

-

-

-

5

21

-

36

1.7.1935

UAP/CP

3

-

-

-

-

7

26

-

36

1.7.1938

UAP/CP

16

-

-

-

-

4

16

-

36

1.7.1941

UAP/CP

17

-

-

-

-

3

16

-

36

1.7.1944

ALP

22

-

-

-

-

2

12

-

36

1.7.1947

ALP

33

-

-

2

-

1

-

-

36





Date

Govt(a)

ALP

LIB

NP(d) /CLP

DLP

AD

GRN

PHON

FFP

Others(b)

Total

1.7.1950

LIB/CP

34

20

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

60

28.4.1951

LIB/CP

28

26

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

60

1.7.1953(e)

LIB/CP

29

26

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

60

1.7.1956

LIB/CP

28

24

6

2

-

-

-

-

-

60

1.7.1959

LIB/CP

26

25

7

2

-

-

-

-

-

60

1.7.1962

LIB/CP

28

24

6

1

-

-

-

-

1

60

1.7.1965(e)

LIB/CP

27

23

7

2

-

-

-

-

1

60

1.7.1968(e)

LIB/CP

27

21

7

4

-

-

-

-

1

60

1.7.1971(e)

LIB/CP

26

21

5

5

-

-

-

-

3

60

18.5.1974

ALP

29

23

6

-

-

-

-

-

2

60

13.12.1975

LIB/NCP

27

27

8

-

-

-

-

-

2

64

1.7.1978

LIB/NCP

26

29

6

-

2

-

-

-

1

64

1.7.1981

LIB/NCP

27

28

3

-

5

-

-

-

1

64

5.3.1983

ALP

30

24

4

-

5

-

-

-

1

64

1.7.1985

ALP

34

28

5

-

7

-

-

-

2

76

11.7.1987

ALP

32

27

7

-

7

-

-

-

3

76

1.7.1990

ALP

32

29

5

-

8

1

-

-

1

76

1.7.1993

ALP

30

30

6

-

7

2

-

-

1

76

1.7.1996

LIB/NPA

29

31

6

-

7

2

-

-

1

76

1.7.1999

LIB/NPA

29

31

4

-

9

1

1

-

1

76

1.7.2002

LIB/NPA

28

31

4

-

8

2

1

-

2

76

1.7.2005

LIB/NP

28

33

6

-

4

4

-

1

-

76

1.7.2008

ALP

32

32

5

-

-

5

-

1

1

76





Shading denotes elections when the government gained an absolute majority in the Senate.

Simultaneous dissolution election years are in bold.

(a) Government after election.

(b) Others include: various Independents such as Senators Turnbull and Harradine and Nuclear Disarmament Party members.

(c) Known as 'Fusion' in 1910.

(d) Country Party (CP) until May 1975; National Country Party (NCP) from May 1975 to October 1982;

National Party of Australia from October 1982 to October 2003; The Nationals from October 2003.

(e) Separate half-Senate election.

Elections: Except for simultaneous dissolutions, or as noted, elections are simultaneously held for the House of Representatives and half of the Senate.

Voting system: 1901-18 first-past-the-post voting; 1919-48 preferential voting; from 1949 proportional representation.