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Wednesday, 15 March 2000
Page: 12916


Senator Greig asked the Minister representing the Attorney-General, upon notice, on 13 October 1999:

With reference to the Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide:

(1) (a) How many countries have signed, ratified and implemented the convention; and (b) can a list be provided of those countries, indicating signature, ratification and implementation status.

(2) Has Indonesia signed the convention.

(3) What actions has the Australian Government taken, if any, to promote the signing, ratification and implementation of the convention by other countries since the passing of the Genocide Convention Act 1949.

(4) Does the Government have statistics of survivors of the Nazi holocaust who are living in Australia; if so, can a copy of those statistics be provided.

(5) Does the Australian Government, either itself or through other agencies, monitor the actions of other governments concerning genocide.


Senator Vanstone (Minister for Justice and Customs) —The Attorney-General has provided the following answer to the honourable senator's question:

(1) (a) As at 28 October 1999 there were 42 signatories and 130 parties to the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. The Government has no information on the implementation of the convention.

(b) Attached is an extract from the United Nations Treaty Series which indicates those countries who have signed and/or ratified, acceded to or succeeded to the convention. The Government has no information as regards the implementation status in other countries.

(2) Indonesia is not a signatory or a party to the convention.

(3) While primarily a matter for my colleague the Minister for Foreign Affairs, I can advise the honourable Senator that the signature and ratification of international treaties is a matter for the exercise of sovereignty by individual States. However, Australia does promote the membership of major multilateral human rights treaties by other countries, particularly those in our region. This is done bilaterally, through a number of regional fora, including the Asia Pacific Forum of National Human Rights Institutions. Australia also supports resolutions in international fora which encourage adherence to such treaties, including the Genocide Convention.

(4) The Government does not have these statistics.

(5) While primarily a matter for my colleague the Minister for Foreign Affairs, I can advise the honourable Senator that the Australian Government supports the efforts of the international community, primarily through the United Nations, to identify the commission of acts of genocide and to respond appropriately. For example, Australia supported the establishment of the International Criminal Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda and the inclusion of genocide within the jurisdiction of the tribunals. Australia has enacted legislation to enable our cooperation with the tribunals.

Chapter IV. HUMAN RIGHTS

1. Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide

Adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 9 December 19482

ENTRY INTO FORCE: 12 January 1951, in accordance with article XIII.

REGISTRATION: 12 January 1951, No. 1021.

TEXT: United Nations, Treaty Series, vol. 78, p. 277.

STATUS: Signatories: 42. Parties: 130.

Participant Signature Ratification, accession (a), succession (d)

Afghanistan 22 Mar 1956 a

Albania 12 May 1955 a

Algeria 31 Oct 1963 a

Antigua and Barbuda 25 Oct 1988 d

Argentina 5 Jun 1956 a

Armenia 23 Jun 1993 a

Australia 11 Dec 1948 8 Jul 1949

Austria 19 Mar 1958 a

Azerbaijan 16 Aug 1996 a

Bahamas 5 Aug 1975 d

Bahrain 27 Mar 1990 a

Bangladesh 5 Oct 1998 a

Barbados 14 Jan 1980 a

Belarus 16 Dec 1949 11 Aug 1954

Belgium 12 Dec 1949 5 Sep 1951

Belize 10 Mar 1998 a

Bolivia 11 Dec 1948

Bosnia and Herzegovina3 29 Dec 1992 d

Brazil 11 Dec 1948 15 Apr 1952

Bulgaria 21 Jul 1950 a

Burkina Faso 14 Sep 1965 a

Burundi 6 Jan 1997 a

Cambodia 14 Oct 1950 a

Canada 28 Nov 1949 3 Sep 1952

Chile 11 Dec 1948 3 Jun 1953

China 4,5 20 Jul 1949 18 Apr 1983

Colombia 12 Aug 1949 27 Oct 1959

Costa Rica 14 Oct 1950 a

Côte d'Ivoire 18 Dec 1995 a

Croatia 12 Oct 1992 d

Cuba 28 Dec 1949 4 Mar 1953

Cyprus 6 29 Mar 1982 a

Czech Republic7 22 Feb 1993 d

Democratic People's Republic of Korea 31 Jan 1989 a

Democratic Republic of the Congo 31 May 1962 d

Denmark 28 Sep 1949 15 Jun 1951

Dominican Republic 11 Dec 1948

Ecuador 11 Dec 1948 21 Dec 1949

Egypt 12 Dec 1948 8 Feb 1952

El Salvador 27 Apr 1949 28 Sep 1950

Estonia 21 Oct 1991 a

Ethiopia 11 Dec 1948 1 Jul 1949

Fiji 11 Jan 1973 d

Finland 18 Dec 1959 a

France 11 Dec 1948 14 Oct 1950

Gabon 21 Jan 1983 a

Gambia 29 Dec 1978 a

Georgia 11 Oct 1993 a

Germany8,9 24 Nov 1954 a

Ghana 24 Dec 1958 a

Greece 29 Dec 1949 8 Dec 1954

Guatemala 22 Jun 1949 13 Jan 1950

Haiti 11 Dec 1948 14 Oct 1950

Honduras 22 Apr 1949 5 Mar 1952

Hungary 7 Jan 1952 a

Iceland 14 May 1949 29 Aug 1949

India 29 Nov 1949 27 Aug 1959

Iran (Islamic Republic of) 8 Dec 1949 14 Aug 1956

Iraq 20 Jan 1959 a

Ireland 22 Jun 1976 a

Israel 17 Aug 1949 9 Mar 1950

Italy 4 Jun 1952 a

Jamaica 23 Sep 1968 a

Jordan 3 Apr 1950 a

Kazakhstan 26 Aug 1998 a

Kuwait 7 Mar 1995 a

Kyrgyzstan 5 Sep 1997 a

Lao People' Democratic Republic 8 Dec 1950 a

Latvia 14 Apr 1992 a

Lebanon 30 Dec 1949 17 Dec 1953

Lesotho 29 Nov 1974 a

Liberia 11 Dec 1948 9 Jun 1950

Libyan Arab

Jamahiriya 16 May 1989 a

Liechtenstein 24 Mar 1994 a

Lithuania 1 Feb 1996 a

Luxembourg 7 Oct 1981 a

Malaysia 20 Dec 1994 a

Maldives 24 Apr 1984 a

Mali 16 Jul 1974 a

Mexico 14 Dec 1948 22 Jul 1952

Monaco 30 Mar 1950 a

Mongolia 5 Jan 1967 a

Morocco 24 Jan 1958 a

Mozambique 18 Apr 1983 a

Myanmar 30 Dec 1949 14 Mar 1956

Namibia 28 Nov 1994 a

Nepal 17 Jan 1969 a

Netherlands 20 Jun 1966 a

New Zealand 25 Nov 1949 28 Dec 1978

Nicaragua 29 Jan 1952 a

Norway 11 Dec 1948 22 Jul 1949

Pakistan 11 Dec 1948 12 Oct 1957

Panama 11 Dec 1948 11 Jan 1950

Papua New Guinea 27 Jan 1982 a

Paraguay 11 Dec 1948

Peru 11 Dec 1948 24 Feb 1960

Philippines 11 Dec 1948 7 Jul 1950

Poland 14 Nov 1950 a

Portugal28 9 Feb 1999 a

Republic of Korea 14 Oct 1950 a

Republic of Moldova 26 Jan 1993 a

Romania 2 Nov 1950 a

Russian Federation 16 Dec 1949 3 May 1954

Rwanda 16 Apr 1975 a

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 9 Nov 1981 a

Saudi Arabia 13 Jul 1950 a

Senegal 4 Aug 1983 a

Seychelles 5 May 1992 a

Singapore 18 Aug 1995 a

Slovakia7 28 May 1993 d

Slovenia 6 Jul 1992 d

South Africa 10 Dec 1998 a

Spain 13 Sep 1968 a

Sri Lanka 12 Oct 1950 a

Sweden 30 Dec 1949 27 May 1952

Syrian Arab Republic 25 Jun 1955 a

the former Yugoslav

Republic of Macedonia 18 Jan 1994 d

Togo 24 May 1984 a

Tonga 16 Feb 1972 a

Tunisia 29 Nov 1956 a

Turkey 31 Jul 1950 a

Uganda 14 Nov 1995 a

Ukraine 16 Dec 1949 15 Nov 1954

United Kingdom 30 Jan 1970 a

United Republic of Tanzania 5 Apr 1984 a

United States of America 11 Dec 1948 25 Nov 1988

Uruguay 11 Dec 1948 11 Jul 1967

Uzbekistan 9 Sep 1999 a

Venezuela 12 Jul 1960 a

Viet Nam10, 11 9 Jun 1981 a

Yemen12 9 Feb 1987 a

Yugoslavia 11 Dec 1948 29 Aug 1950

Zimbabwe 13 May 1991 a