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Tuesday, 11 May 2004
Page: 28279

Mr Kelvin Thomson asked the Minister for the Environment and Heritage, upon notice, on 2 March 2004:

“Has the Australian Greenhouse Office or other Government authority measured the greenhouse gas emission levels of trains on the new Adelaide to Darwin rail route; if not, will he ensure that a study is undertaken and published comparing greenhouse gas emissions from trains on the route with road transport carrying an equal load.”

Dr Kemp (Minister for the Environment and Heritage) —The answer to the honourable member's question is as follows:


In general, rail is more energy-efficient than road transport. A recent study shows that it uses approximately 77 percent less energy per tonne-kilometre, on a full life-cycle basis, than articulated vehicles (Australian Transport Facts 2001, Appelbaum Consulting Group, 2002). This improved efficiency would be reflected in reduced greenhouse emissions.