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(generated from captions) research and innovation. We can can't see the downward trend we've seen for such a long time continuing, you can't have that trend and talk about volatility, transformation, new industries and ignore the reality. So from our perspective, Government does need to stand up on investment in research and innovation.That was the chairman of universities Australia Professor Barney Glover speaking at the National Press Club. And today on Capital Hill grappling with the spectre of home grown terror.Our agencies have been resourced and been given new powers to deal with that but it is an ever present threat that we need to consistently be vigilant about.And what does Russia's entry into the fight in Syria mean for Australian air operations over that benighted country?

Police this morning made 5 arrests in a series of raids across western Sydney. All those arrested were males aged between 16 and 24. Police Di
allege 4. It again raises the Di bol Cal question of how police, politicians and the community deal with homegrown radicalisation.We've had raids at 4 separate locations in Sydney this morning. I can confirm it is in relation to the events in Parramatta on Friday. Beyond that it's an operational matter for NSW Police and the Australian Federal Police. Can I commend the professionalism of both of those organisations for the way they've carried out the raids this morning and what they consist earntly do to keep us safe from what unfortunately is an ever present threat in Australia at the moment.There's a security aspect with law and forcement and the security agencies but what we can do is work with the community to make sure people in the community are on our side helping us with this challenge. We have been doing that through encountering have
violent extremism program. We have been very keen to make sure that the community is working with the Government to see somebody whose behaviour has changed who might be going down the wrong path so we can intervene to stop that happening. It's actually the Muslim community who are the worst affected because it's some of their own children that might be going overseas, for example, and they face a very high-risk of being injured or killed if they do that. So I think the community is in the main very keen to work with the Government. But it's always incumbent upon us to do all we can to ease those community relations. We have been making an enormous effort to do that and I think in the main we have been successful.I just think that these raids this morning show that our security agencies are doing the best that they can, and I for one have a high degree of confidence in what they're doing and we are very supportive of what they're doingA generous evaluation of events in Iraq and Afghanistan over in recent weeks might be that Western interventions have yielded less results. A less generous person might see the Iraq campaign as a disaster, the one in Afghanistan as failing and the Syrian air strikes as muddled and ineffective. Despite a decade of war in Afghanistan, the Taliban managed to retake the city of Kunduz before being driven off by government forces.The US invasion of Iraq has been described by one leading analyst as the worst decision since Hitler invaded Russia. It left behind a witch's brew of troubles which helped infect the neighbouring State of Syria. Then Islamic State emerged from the cauldron of the Syrian civil war.America and Australia now drawn back into the fight in Iraq and are conducting air strikes in Syria.The theatre of war has been made more complex with Russia mounting air strikes in support of the Assad regime. This morning Australia's chief of joint operations gave his view of how Australia's military operations were proceeding and how Russia's role in the fight had the
changed calculations.Regarding the Russian air operations in Syria, I emphasise the ADF is continuing to conduct the air operations to combat Daish in Syria and Iraq. The operations of the air task group will continue to be coordinated through the US-led combined air operations centre and measures are in place to enable the safe operation of coalition aircraft. I'm aware, of course, that the US and Russia have begun discussions to ensure safety between the activities of Russian and coalition forces and we will continue to monitor the outcomes of those discussions.Are Australian missions in eastern Syria conversations
currently on hold while those conversations take place?No, they're not. We continue to have the ability to fly in Syria.You have the ability to do so but are we actually going it?We have continued to - their tasking depends on the priority of the day that comes out of the air operations centre. There is no change in our availability to conduct air operations in Syria.But have you flown a mission over Syria since last Wednesday?We have not but not because there's any restriction. Tactically our focus has been elsewhere but there's no restraint. To properly answer your question, if there was a mission tonight to do so we would do so.The ADF or the coalition had a guarantee from Russia that they won't strike down or inhibit Australian aircraft or coalition aircraft at all?That's part of the discussion of the US and the Russian authorities are having. So I'm aware that -There's not that guarantee at the moment?No. The Federal Treasurer Scott Morrison says the idea of workers paying less tax if they accept penalty rate cuts is innovative. It's another example of the Turnbull Government's support for changes to the industrial relations framework. Yesterday the PM predicted a more flexible system was inevitable. Mr Morrison has today praised work being done in the UK on the issue.What you want is a tax system and a payments system that locks together and a labour market system which links in with that to ensure that you're better off working than being on welfare.The Liberal Party when they talk about wages, it's code for cutting penalty rates, cutting conditions.The Government stresses any changes to penalty rates are a matter for the Fair» «Work Commission.Well it's 50 days until the Paris climate talks kick off and the world agreement
will again try to strike an agreement to limit its greenhouse gas emissions to a level that halts the march of man-made global warming. So far that's proved an elusive goal. The world failed to reach an accord in Copenhagen in 2009 but the early signs for this meeting are better with the 2 biggest players, China and the US, finding common ground. Australia's offer is to cut the nation's emissions by 26 to 28% on 2005 levels over the next 15 years. The Government says that's equivalent to the ambitions of similar nations. Others say it's not ambitious enough. Selling that target and the Government's direct action plan at the meeting will be the job of the Environment Minister, Greg Hunt. He spoke this morning about the prospects of success in Paris, specifically the aim to limit global warming to 2 degrees of preindustrial levels.It's inevitable that if the 2 degrees is not settled on at Paris, in and of itself and the French are not predicting that it will be, that there will be a process to achieve that. So I think that Paris will be a 2-degree conference but I think it will do it through a process rather than a one-off event. there
And frankly, if the world gets there step by step with realistic achievements, that's a whole lot better than false pledges which, for example, came out of Kyoto, were countries
honoured in the breach by many countries and which were, in some cases, mere Rhett - rhetoric, not reality. Of course everything we have done has been focused with an absolute laser-like quality on we make a pledge and then we achieve it. So I have obsessed since 2009 in terms of meeting our 2020 targets and the actions to get there and so, you know, like a good athlete, we've timed it so as when November comes around the projections will show that we will meet and beat those 2020 targets having done it for the 2008 to 2012 and then the minus 26 to minus 28, that's ambitious, but we will meet and beat that.One of the industries that wasn't that excited about the Pacific trade sugar
deal strug struck this week was sugar and it has some vocal advocates in the form of National MPs in Queensland. Some of them are reserving their right to cross the floor against the Transpacific partnership because they believe it should have given Australian sugar even greater access to the US market. But Deputy Nationals leader and Agriculture Minister Barnaby Joyce says the package overall is good for Australia.Well, I've said quite clearly that an extra 65,000 tonnes is certainly a step in the right direction. So I think this takes us to around 152,000 tonne. Now, obviously people - there's also an aspiration that people would like more. I understand that completely. But we have better deal than we did in the first instance and I think what we've got to try to do is build on this. This deal has the capacity to go by 2024-25 up to about 250 thousand tonnes of sugar. Saying it's always nice if you could get more and we always wish more, is not saying that you're going to turn down what's on offer. I want to make sure that the deal that we've done, which is an incredibly good deal on dairy, very good deal on beef, a good deal in other grain sectors, has given us multiple access, even in areas such as wool and greater access of wool into markets such as Mexico, that we understand this whole deal as a package and see in that deal the capacity to get a better deal for sugar, which we have got and also for a further increase in supplies into the future which we will get. I would never, as a cabinet cross
minister, be asking people to cross the floor. That would obviously be oxy moronic to my position but neither am I going to lecture to people, having been someone who crossed the floor 28 times myself. What I can say is this market and this incredibly
deal, as a package, it's an incredibly good deal for Australia and what I can say is that we are vastly further ahead under the deal with sugar than where we were.That's all for Capital Hill. Now it's back the
to Ros in the Sydney studio for the rest of the day's news.Thanks, Chris. 3 men arrested this morning over the shooting death of a police finance worker were targeted in counter-terrorism raids a year ago. In total, 4 men and a teenager were taken into custody. More than 200 police raided homes in Merrylands , Wentworthville, Marsfield and arrested
Guildford. The five people arrested are between 16 and 24. Police say the men will be interviewed in relation to Friday's shooting of Curtis Cheng outside police headquarters at Parramatta. This investigation is ongoing. taken
The 4 people have now been taken to various police stations throughout Sydney and we will be undertaking further investigation at that point. In relation to the actual circumstances of the searches, they are still under way, police are still at the scene and I predict that we will be there for some time. Let me say that today's operation is a clear indication of our determination to actually find out who murdered Curtis Cheng and to take all necessary It's
action that we possibly can. It's a very, very serious concern that in the heart of our community there is attack planning that is under way and that may have led to what we saw on Friday.Our investigators will now really thoroughly work through all the information we have received up until today and that we gain today and we will sift through that information and review for evidence so that we can pursue potentially these matters in a court. I think it's very, very important for us all to be patient. This is an extremely are
serious investigation. These are extremely serious times. But we need to take care with what it is that we are doing with our investigation.With that being said rkts, it's also important that I call for calm as well as vigilant from every single member of the community. We all, I believe, stand side by side in condemning the events that happened on Friday and we are all supportive of trying to bring the people responsible to justice. I know that we are - we stand united and aside from a very, very small group of people who wish to do us harm, we will get through this.Temperatures may have eased but strong winds are still challenging fire fighters in Victoria. The blaze at Lancefield in the State's centre is causing the most concern. Peter raw - Rau said temperatures
despite today's cooler temperatures it's still a very two
dangerous situation.We've got two fires of concern. We need to recognise that yesterday was an extraordinary busy day for the State. We had hundreds of fire fighters working overnight on two fires in particular. One at Lancefield and that one there is sitting at around 3,000 hectares and causing us some considerable concern and also Tallarook, which is the second fire of most concern and that's about 600 hectares in size. We are getting this sort of weather this early in the season is a real eye-opener for the State and it's really important that we get across to anyone who hasn't got a plan in place that we're going to have a few days of respite. So today and tomorrow, the temperatures have dropped significantly today. If you haven't got a plan in place you need to get one in place because we're expecting temperatures to increase towards the weekend. We believe that there's been a property lost and potentially some other buildings. But again, our rapid impact assessment people won't be there until probably 6:30, 7:00 this morning. That's when they will start their activities and get in to really understanding what's been lost, if anything. I understand people's anger but people need to also remember that this control burn commenced at 11am on Wednesday. Extraordinary weather came through obviously on Monday. The fire fighters, both volunteer and permanent members of the State organisations, and organisations
there's a number of organisations here that are involved, have done an extraordinary job. We had over 200 people out overnight working really hard to protect life and property across the State. And that will get ramped up again as soon as daylight comes. Again, for us, really early start to the season and an extraordinary job done by the volunteers and staff across the State.The High Court has ruled that breast cancer gene BRCA-1 can't be patented. 2-time cancer survivor Yvonne D'arcy has led the legal battle over the ownership of the patent by US company Myriad Genetics. At the heart of the case is concern ownership of the gened patent could stifle research and the development of treatments. Myriad Genetics ensured it could be commercialised for everyone's benefit. Before the Australian case, the US Supreme Court ruled genes were not patentable inventions.The head of US Afghanistan
military operations in Afghanistan is recommending President Barack Obama reconsider his plan to withdraw all troops by the end of 2016. The General has expressed his view days after the Taliban took over the northern city of Kunduz and the US mistakenly bombed a hospital there, killing more than 20 staff and patients.The Doctors without Borders hospital in Kunduz is still closed after US forces bombed it on Saturday. The top US General in Afghanistan called the attack a mistake.On Saturday morning our forces provided close air support to Afghan forces at their request. To be clear, the decision to provide aerial fires was a US decision, made within the US chain of command. The hospital was mistakenly struck. We would never intentionally target a protected medical facility.Doctors Without Borders wants an outside probe because it accuses the US and Afghanistan of committing a war crime.Do you have any reason to object to having an independent investigation done by the UN or another independent body of what happened?Ma'am, I have trust and confidence in the folks that will do the investigation for NATO, the folks who will do the investigation for DoD and Afghan partners. So all the very, very tough questions that we're all asking they will get after that.The hospital bombing has reignited questions about the Afghan forces readiness when US troops leave.As we continue to pull out, the Taliban are going to increasingly undertake higher level of attack and battle tempo against Afghan forces to probe for weakness. Once we have increasingly stepped off the battlefield, the question is whether or not the Afghans able
are going to be willing and able to fight without us there to reinforce them and whether they'd be willing to do that over time.The first reports on the Kunduz hospital bomb should be completed by the beginning of November but they won't answer the larger question of whether the US should grow more involved, not less, in Afghanistan's efforts to defend itself.An 11-year-old boy in the US State of Tennessee has been charged with first-degree murder over the shooting of an 8-year-old girl. Police say the boy fatally shot McKayla Dyer with his father's 12-gauge shotgun after she refused to let him see her puppy. The boy's being held at a juvenile facility pending a court hearing later this month.The British Government is planning a cutdown on asylum seekers and migrants warning it's impossible to have a cohesive country if migration numbers are too high. It says it will target people abusing the visa system but still promises to help the huge numbers of genuine refugees. Lisa Millar reports.Britain is a multicultural metropolis and millions have come here to call it home. But over the last numbers
decade, there have been record numbers and the Government is sounding the alarm.When immigration is too high, when the pace of change is too fast, it's impossible to build a cohesive society.Last year there were 330,000 more people arriving here than leaving, an increase of 20% on the year before. Genuine refugees displaced by war will still be helped. But it will be tougher for people to prove they should stay.We know that for people in low-paid jobs, wages are forced down even further while some people are forced out of work all together. So there is no case in the national interest for immigration of the scale we have experienced over the last decade.The point that Theresa is making is if the numbers get too great it becomes more difficult to build the cohesive and integrated multiracial, multifaith society that we want to see.It's a message driven by pressure from those who say Britain shouldn't even be part of the European Union.It's very late in the day, that's all I can say, that she's saying these things but I do have to say again, and in fact she's saying them complete in the knowledge that she can't do anything really about it.Conservatives know they this
will find strong support for this tough approach but it was business groups that were among the first to criticise it. They irresponsible
say the message is irresponsible and will reverberate around the world and the British economy will pay the price.They've accused Theresa May of pandering to anti-immigrant sentiment which has grown alongside the numbers of arriving to these shores. The organisers of the 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games in Rio have announced they're having to make significant financial savings to avoid breaking their budget. It's believed the opening ceremony and volunteer training will be among the things affected.The countdown to Rio 2016 is under way.Test events coming thick and fast.But the BBC has learned that faced with a huge overspend, and anxious to keep their heads above water, the organising committee has orded cuts and savings up to 30% in all areas, reducing the number of volunteers, temporary structures and what they describe as trimming the fat. While the sporting venues themselves, including building at Rio's new Olympic Park, should not be adversely affected, the organising committee is struggling to keep other costs within the original £2.4 billion budget, a necessity in today's economic climate.We need to make events that are economically sustainable. When you begin to overspend, prices begin to increase and then you have this massive, massively expensive events that nobody wants or nobody can support.Staff at Rio 2016 headquarters have even been told to avoid printing unless absolutely necessary. But much bigger and more painful savings are also being demanded.Ordering these savings across the board now, Olympic bosses know that the Brazilian public simply won't tolerate another huge overspend on a set piece sporting event, especially considering what happened in the run up to last year's World Cup.The streets of Rio and other major cities erupted in - violence as police clashed with protestors angry at the use of public money to bail out a World Cup that was meant to be privately financed.A repeat in Rio ahead of the Olympics is unthinkable. The cuts will go deep. Rio's opening ceremony will cost significantly less than Danny Boyle's £27 million extravaganza at London 2012.We're in a kind of financial crisis , everybody knows. So I think you wouldn't be fair to spend the money that London has spent in their ceremony. So we're really, I mean we have a low budget but I'm happy to work with this low budget because it makes more sense for Brazil.With a backdrop to die for, Rio's still promising an unforgettable games but the days of lavish spending and runaway budgets are well and truly over.The countdown is onto the most iconic race of the Australian motor sport calendar, the Bathurst 1,000. This year there's lots of interest in an all-female pairing making their debut. Patrick Galloway has more from the track.That's the number 200 car, the entry the wild Simona
card entry of Rene Gracey and Simona dil vestro. They're an all-female pairing. They're the first all-female pairing to contest the race since 1998 and certainly a lot of interest in them this morning ahead of their first time hitting the track in a V8 supercar at Bathurst which will take place tomorrow. They're quietly confident. Simona is probably the more experienced. She's a Swiss racer who has raced Indy car before and a lot of open wheel racing. It remains to be seen how well she will go here at the Mount Panorama circuit which is challenging. Here's what Rene Gracey had to say earlier. She's a 20-year-old motor sport driver on the rise from Queensland.It's about 50/50 at the moment. 50% of people think we can do it and 50 think that we can't but hopefully Sunday I can change that conversion rate over to hopefully
about hopefully 70/30 and hopefully more. It's good an encouraging. The people who are supportive and have a bit of encouragement. I don't see why I don't deserve to be here. I'm learning, I understand that end
I've been thrown in the deep end and I probably won't be as fast but everyone's been a couple of seconds off the pace before. You get people say that we're going to be in the wall. Everyone in this field has been in the wall around Bathurst before. I won't be the first or the last.Rene Gracey ahead of her first outing on the track practice here tomorrow at Mount Panorama. Certainly a really exciting race . 161 laps. It's Australia's greatest endurance race. We may see a bit of rain which may lead to its traditional exciting finish on Sunday. But certainly a lot of interest in this car, the