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SBS Late Night News -
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(generated from captions) When people tell me how lucky I am
and I actually think about it,

it's actually miraculous
that I can fall from that height

and be in one piece.

I'd rather die tomorrow falling off
a rock face than die growing old.

There's absolutely no point
whatsoever in dwelling on the past,

or how miserable it's been
or how happy...

You know, it's past.

It's what you're gonna do
in the future.

I think next year
has got to be our year.

It's like everything stood still
and he just went...

WOMAN: Right, I need the trauma team
to CT.

We've got another pair of hands?

I think probably
quite a few of my colleagues

might describe me as bossy.

Certainly in this job, you do have to
be direct a lot of the time

because there's no time
for faffing around.

Can we get him straight off that
scoop and get hand over, please?

Captions by Ericsson Access Services
(c) SBS Australia 2016

This program is live captioned by Ericsson Access Services.

Good evening.
I'm Sarah Abo. The top stories: A citizenship shakeup -
what changes mean for thousands of would-be Australians. What we are doing is reinforcing
the citizenship which is at the foundation of our nation. Campaigning kicks off as Britain
heads to a pre-Brexit early election. And US officials deny misleading
the world about navy moves against North Korea. The President said
that we have an armada going towards the peninsula. That's a fact.

The Prime Minister is tonight
defending the need for sweeping changes to citizenship testing. Under the plans, hopeful applicants
will need to prove a commitment to Australian values and,
for the first time, pass a written and verbal English test. Malcolm Turnbull says the nation
can't be complacent if it wants to continue being the most succesful
multicultural society in the world. On Tuesday they made it
harder for foreign workers to come to Australia. Today the Prime Minister
and Immigration Minister made it harder to become an Australian.

You know what? I think, you know what? I reckon if we went out today
and said to Australians, "Do you think you could become
an Australian citizen without being able
to speak English?" They'd say, "You're kidding. Hopeful citizens must now be
permanent residents for at least four years instead of one. They'll have to pass a written
and verbal English test, provide examples of integrating
into Australian society through work, community
and school enrolment. And there'll be questions added
to the citizenship quiz about Australian values. Mutual respect, respect of each
other, respect of faiths and different cultures and respect
of women and children. Potentially about where applicants
stand on female genital mutilation, child marriage and
hitting one's spouse. A perpetrator of domestic violence,
my view is that that person shouldn't become
an Australian citizen. Tonight, Mr Turnbull
was forced to defend why the changes are needed. What we are doing is reinforcing
the citizenship which is at the foundation of our nation -
ours, the most successful multicultural society in the world. If it's so successful
what's the problem? Leigh, we can never be complacent
and we want to be more successful. The Opposition Leader was careful
to be seen not so much criticising the policy, but the politics. On Monday Tony Abbott says
the Liberal Party has got to move to the right. By Wednesday Malcolm Turnbull's
getting his compass out and working out which way right is. Right enough to get a tick from
One Nation Leader Pauline Hanson, who says the Coalition is again
taking its cues from her. The Greens think so too. We've got Pauline Hanson taking
votes from the Coalition, so what's Malcolm
Turnbull's response? Play the race card. Leader Richard Di Natale takes
personal exception to the English test. My grandmother died after 50 years
in this country speaking almost no English. Yet she had a family of doctors,
lawyers, teachers and factory workers. But Australia's changed since then,
says the minister, who couldn't speak English when
she started school. Certainly when my parents came
to Australia in the 1950s Australia was a manufacturing-based economy. Today it's a technological-based
economy, and English proficiency is vitally important. Changing citizenship
to match changing times.

There's been widespread reaction
to the proposed changes within ethnic communities
across the country. Refugee advocates warn elderly
migrants, and those who come here on humanitarian visas,
will be the worst affected.

For tens of thousands
of migrants in Sydney's west, changes to the citizenship test
will have a huge impact. I know a lot of people
who struggle to learn language, I'm one of them, I'm
still struggling but still it's very important. We should know the basic language. I think so, because if you want
to communicate this has to be there. It'll make calling Australia
home for good, harder. Applicants will only be able to sit
the new test a maximum of three times. So far, the idea of questions that
crack down on violence against women, religious
extremism and child marriage are being welcomed. My daughter is the queen for me. My wife is also someone's daughter. I myself am a Muslim,
now if they're targeting the radical, that's good. But refugee advocates say
a citizenship test isn't the way to weed out radical behaviour. It's a crazy notion that some
citizenship test will result in someone accidentally admitting
that they're an extremist. Their main fear, though,
is the disproportionate effect on elderly migrants,
or those who've resettled as part of Australia's humanitarian intake. Refugees have sought citizenship
at higher rates than any other category of migrants. But latest statistics
from the Immigration Department show their rate of failure is six
times higher than the average of just over 1%. Now to come up with additional
obstacles to put in the path of people who value and want
citizenship just seems to be cruel. It's already clear the personal
impact of these changes will be widespread. It's particularly frustrating
for those migrants who were just months away from being eligible
to apply for citizenship. Many of them now have years to wait. That's the case for British
woman Helen Spoor. It's hard to plan a future,
whether that's a family, whatever it is,
when you're constantly waiting on a visa. Saksham Katyal has been
here for more than five years, and now regrets not
taking the test earlier. It is what it is, you can't just go
back, rewind things and say, "I'll do it again." As much as he wishes he could.

Immigration Minister Peter Dutton
says an incident on Manus Island was sparked by aslyum
seekers leading a local boy into the processing centre. Groups of locals stormed
the centre last Friday, and Papua New Guinea Defence Force
personel fired shots.

There was concern about why the boy was being led or for what purpose he was being led away back into the regional processing centres -- centre.

Mr Dutton says the mood
on the island escalated quickly, angering residents. A former Australian Ambassador
to South Korea says the only way to stop a nuclear war from erupting is if the US talks
directly with Pyongyang. The call comes as the US President
is accused of bluffing about the whereabouts
of his military's aircraft carrier. After days of confusing exchanges,
the White house says the USS Carl Vinson aircraft carrier is now
on its way towards the Korean Peninsula. The Trump administration under fire
for providing misleading information in the opposite direction
towards Australia. A leading South Korean newspaper
reading "Trump's lies on the Carl Vinson". "Xi Jin Ping and Putin
must be laughing." Accusing the US of bluffing
on its North Korea policy. But the White House denies
there was ever a mix-up. The President said
that we have an armada going towards the peninsula. That's a fact. It happened. It is happening, rather. We don't generally give out ship's
schedules in advance, but I didn't want to play a game,
either, and say we were not changing her schedule
when in fact we had. As the war of words continues
between the US and North Korea, a former Australian Ambassador
to South Korea says the best solution is for Washington,
with Chinese backing, to negotiate direct
talks with Pyongyang. Offering incentives like those
agreed in 1994, where the US promised North Korea
oil and two reactors, in exchange for Pyongyang
curbing its nuclear programme. In exchange for a written guarantee
to not bring about regime change, a written guarantee not to try
to interfere with the economic development of North Korea
and also peace agreement, I think the North Koreans would be
prepared to dismantle their nuclear program. But any face to face talks appear
to be a long way off. The Foreign Minister in Japan
supporting economic sanctions against the regime to ensure
Australia's safety. We share a common view
that we want to ensure stability and security on the Korean Peninsula
by peaceful means. China says it's seriously
concerned by comments, warning of further missile tests
and the possibility of nuclear war.

Britain's Labour leader Jeremy core bin says the election is not a foregone conclusion despite early polling in favour of the conservative government N his first campaign speech, he signalled his campaign strategy: An attack on elites and the establishment. He said yes to the government's early election plan. And to article 50 triggering Brexit. But Jeremy core bin says from now on he'll play by different rules.In a sense the establishment and their camp followers in the media are quite right. I don't play by their rules. And if a Labour government is elected on 8 June, we won't play by their rules either. Portraying himself as a champion of the powerless, against political and business elites.It is these rules that have allowed a cosy cartel to rig the system in favour of a few powerful and wealthy individuals and corpses. But things can and they will change. He has much ground to make up. The first major opinion poll since the election was announced puts the conservatives at 48% against Labour, doubts
just 24%. But if Mr Corbyn has doubts he's not showing it. Citing the long odds he overcame to become party leader.In 2015, almost exactly two years ago, I was given 200 to 1 as an outside chance. In Scotland, the first minister has said the election is a chance for her party to get a new mandate for a fresh independence referendum. But in Parliament tonight, she was gains.
talking about keeping a lid on Tory gains.There was a small majority, the Tories have cut Scotland's budget. They have imposed the bedroom tax, the rate clause. So let's think about the damage a Tory majority.
government could do with a bigger Tonight, Theresa May met the European Parliament President who applauded the election date, fitting in with the Brexit timetable.To have a new government before the beginning of the official negotiation is -- this, I think is good, not only for UK but also for us. As campaigning begins, Theresa May is acting every bit like the woman #w40 will -- who will lead Britain out of the EU.

Coming up, after the break: Taking advantage of international
students: an exclusive report
on an exploitation epedemic.

The Prime Minister says
scrapping the 457 visa, will help protect
vulnerable workers. Currently, many of Australia's
estimated 400,000 overseas students face an epidemic of workplace
exploitation, including below award wages and conditions. An exclusive SBS report reveals
deliberate and ongoing attempts to exploit students
in the hospitality industry, with some workers being paid
about half the minimum rate. Vietnamese student Loc Lam arrived
in Australia three years ago dreaming of a finance career. But a part-time restaurant job
with 12-hour shifts at $10 an hour threatened to derail his
all-important studies. I feel a bit unfair and sometimes
get a bit angry because for that work lot I can get little money. Similar stories among his peers
are common and some, like "Angie", are simply too
frightened of repercussions to reveal their identity. I don't have a right. Even I go into toilet
they monitor me. Even I don't have a right
to eat at lunchtime. She treat me like an
animal, not a people. It make me
unhappy and it make me so upset, ya. SBS visited several Asian
restaurants in Melbourne with hidden cameras, requesting
information on available jobs, wages and conditions. Some refused to disclose
the rate-of-pay. Others offered an amount well below
the $17.70 minimum wage.

This man refused to disclose
the wage and said he'd retain a week's salary in advance.

Then, when we returned
with cameras visible, he denied even employing
external staff. Just my Mum, my niece, my nephew. I don't rent anybody from outside. I don't pay for that. And this restauranteur freely
admitted to paying a training wage well shy of the award. How much an hour do they get then? $9. Cash? Yes, cash. Wing La represents restaurant
owners in Footscray, in Melbourne's west,
and says many Asian businesses simply don't understand
Australia's workplace laws. I would like to see
the government put more effort into the business education. To encourage them to
understand the law here. But legal experts say the onus lies
squarely with business owners. It is quite clear that it is
the employer's obligation to ascertain what are the legal
entitlements of the workers are and to make sure the employer
complies with the entitlements. The Fair» «Work» Ombudsman enforces
rules around migrant workers including international students. In 2015 it conducted an audit
of the Australian hospitality industry, which found more than half
of businesses didn't comply with their obligations as employers.

The Salvation Army person says if they aren't given more money it will be worse.The more exploitation we have in the community that goes unpunished we're creating a situation where slavery like practices can flourish. Angie says her experience of workplace exploitation almost forced her to return home.She treat me - it's not like a worker or a person or people. So I feel very unhappy for that. And she's not alone.

That report was produced
with the cooperation of Trinh Nguyen and Olivia Nguyen from the SBS
Vietnamese radio program. You can learn more about this story
- including further claims of underpayment and read
the full statement from the «Fair» «Work Ombudsman -
on our website. Mass anti-government protests
in Venezuela today claimed the lives of three people. Opposition leaders are calling
for President Nicolas Maduro, to step down, as the country slips
deeper into economic ruin. They're calling it
the mother of all marches as tens of thousands
of people demonstrated against President Nicolas Maduro. He responded with more
troops and tear gas. Opposition Leader Henrique Capriles
one of the many overcome by the fumes. Among those killed in the fray,
a teenager who never intended to be part of it, shot in the head
on his way to play football. At a counter rally, protesters
in red answered the President's call to support him, as he expands
and arms his civilian militia.

Protests have grown since last month
when the government-controlled Supreme Court closed
the opposition-led congress. A decision rescinded
after international outcry. But anger remains. President Maduro blames his
country's worsening social and economic woes on Washington. He says the US wants
to destablise his government and launch a coup.

Adding to Venezuela's economic woes,
General Motors announced that it
will immediately cease operations there after
its assets were seized by public authorities. The US says its watching closely. We are concerned that the government
of Maduro is violating its own constitution and is not allowing
the opposition to have their voices heard, nor allowing them to organise
in a way that expresses the views of the Venezuelan people. Anger is speading across
Latin America, with protests against Maduro held in Colombia and Peru. But the President says
he won't stand down. The opposition is making
the same promise.

France heads to the polls this
weekend in the first round
of the presidential elections. It's looking like a tight race -
with frontrunners, centrist, Emmanuel Macron, and far-right
leader, Marine le Pen, losing some ground. Our Europe correspondent,
Brett Mason, has this report from Marseilles, were Marine le
Pen is campaigning.

Barely a day after police foiled an imminent terror attack, 10,000 National Front faithful streamed into Marseille. Under the close protection of authorities.Marseille it is not French town, it's a big melting pot, so Marine Le Pen is our last hope for the future of Europe. She is the first woman for politics sure
in France. She will be winning I'm sure of that. Inside, the arena, adulation for the headline act. The woman they say is helping reclaim their French identity.

The crowd stomped their feet with glee. As Marine Le Pen repeated her Kashmir campaign pledges to seal France's borders, quit the euro, tax employers who hire foreign workers and renegotiate a better deal with the European Union. Or follow in the footsteps of the United Kingdom and exit. -- Frexit.

A President, she said, who would protect and wants to continue living in France like the French. That triggered spontaneous song. (SINGING)

(CHEERING AND APPLAUSE) After a campaign that has seen former presidents and Prime Ministers come and go, this Sunday Marine
is really only about one candidate - Marine Le Pen, the first right-wing contender within striking distance of the French presidency since the end of the second world war. Her supporters are loyal and resent comparisons to other recent elections.There is a very, very big difference between Trump and Marine Le Pen. I don't like Trump. Because it's a fool. But Marine Le Pen, it's not fool. Around 500 anti-Marine Le Pen protesters clashed with police. But were kept well back from the venue. For every protester in every city, there seems many more supporters. "See you on Sunday" she equipped. We'll see on Monday morning if her name and policies are on the ballot paper for the presidential run-off.

Coming up, the weather and: Blasting off: an astronaut
reveals his biggest worry about living on a space station.

Let's check the finance figures. And the Australian share market
closed about a quarter of a per cent higher today. The miners lost ground -
Telstra rose - while the banks did well. Markets in Europe are
mixed in early deals.

A new astronaut has
revealed his biggest concern about living on the
International Space Station. NASA's Jack Fischer blasted off
from Kazakhstan today, along with a more experienced
Russian cosmonaut. The rookie says one of his biggest
worries is how to use the station's complex
zero-gravity toilet. He says you just can't
train for it, on earth.

I bet you can't.

To the weather now. In the major centres,
thunderstorms in Perth and partly cloudy in Darwin. Light rain in Adelaide,
Sydney and Brisbane. Grey skies and wet in Melbourne
and showers in Canberra. Looking further afield:

That's the world this Thursday. All tonight's stories are online,
and for news around the clock, go to our website. You can also tune in to English
language news tomorrow morning between 5:00 and 7:30 here on SBS. Goodnight.

Ericsson Access Services.

(c) SBS Australia 2017

TAREK: Have you seen Mum's necklace?

It's just his girlfriend, mate,
I've seen her wearing it.

Are you sure?

Did you steal the necklace?
No!

(GASPS)

I was wondering if you could tell me

if your son, Chris,
knew a Matt Bashir?

URSULA: I don't know
if you've noticed,

but there is more than one
student at this school.

Tarek is not one student -

he's everything about this place
that is wrong.

It looks like
he's just been for a run.

Yeah, but why run
in the middle of the night?

Maybe there's more than
one person he's afraid of -

a kid that was bullying him,
a teacher...

URSULA: What's going on?

I'm going down to the station to help
these men with their investigation.

Sir, Mr Karidis said that
I can't do work experience.

Sir?
Tarek, I can't help you right now.

Work experience is a privilege.
It's not a right.

Tarek.

Tarek, Tarek.
Come back to class. Come on.

Not unless he says
that I'm still going.

We can't possibly risk
sending you on work experience

after the way you behaved.

Why? Because the dumb-fuck faggot
there thinks I'm not up to it?

I'm backing his decision,
and that sort of language...

You know, it's not up to youse.
You know what?

It's up to Mr Bashir.

And where is he anyway?
Why is he with the pigs?

He's helping police
with their investigation.

Just come back to class, mate.
Alright? Come on.

Youse can't cancel work experience
because it's already organised.

Well, we just did.

Sef's going in your place.

Come back. Tarek!

The victim's brother, Tarek,
what's he like?

Difficult.

Aggressive at times.

He's had it tough.

Was it like that for you at school?

Of course not.

He's lost his mother, his brother -
you can't even compare.

But you feel for Tarek, right?

I mean, otherwise you wouldn't close
the door with him in your office.

I closed it once, briefly.

He was distressed about his brother.

MATT: (ON ANSWERING MACHINE)
Matt Bashir.

Please leave a message
and I'll get back to you.

Mr Bashir, it's me. Tarek.

Mr Karidis has ruined everything.

I'm not going to take...

You know, the problem
with these rules and regulations

is that kids like Tarek

who need comfort
from someone they can trust...

(BREATHES DEEPLY)

..they can't get it.

But the profound flaw is that...

..is that other students...

..kids in desperation, really...

..they take advantage of those rules.

Like the student at
Lakehurst Girls in 2005.

That accusation was dropped.

Yeah. Of course.

The truth can often be a long way
from the way it appears.

What's this?

That image was taken
from a CCTV camera

two weeks prior to Karim's murder.

Would you agree that that is,
in fact, you in the photograph?

I was catching my breath after
a run around the quadrangle.

Were there any other staff
or students present?

No, I was alone.

Why run at school?

Why not...

..closer to where you live?

Because when I get out of the car at
the end of the day, I like to relax.

I like to put it all behind me.

WOMAN: Nick, my husband,

went back to Brisbane
after Chris died

to be with his family.

He tried staying here,
but everything remind him of Chris...

..including me.