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State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17



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ISSN 2203-5249

RESEARCH PAPER SERIES, 2017-18 8 DECEMBER 2017

State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 Gregory O'Brien

Statistics and Mapping

Executive summary • This paper, a companion to the Monthly Statistical Bulletin published by the Parliamentary Library, provides tables and charts for a broad range of social, demographic and economic indicators across all Australian states and territories, and compares these with Australian averages.

• Each table presents data for the last five years to 2016-17 (or the latest data available), while each chart plots data for the financial year 2016-17 (or the latest data available).

• Data used is the latest available as at 18 September 2017.

Introduction The purpose of this paper is to present a range of economic and other statistical indicators for the states and territories of Australia. To facilitate comparisons, indicators are presented in relative terms such as growth rates, percentages, or proportions of gross state product, so comparisons can be made using equivalent measures.

This publication is a companion to the Monthly Statistical Bulletin which contains Australia-wide data only, but on a more frequent basis.

A glossary of social, demographic and economic terms used in the tables is provided at the end of this publication.

Data Sources Data sources are listed at the bottom of the page for each indicator. All data is from an original ABS series unless otherwise indicated as a trend or seasonally adjusted series.

Historical Data

Long-term data series for every table in this paper and for the Parliamentary Library’s companion publication, the Monthly Statistical Bulletin, are available electronically and can be found on the Parliamentary Library’s Monthly Statistical Bulletin and State Statistical Bulletin pages.

Note: These links can only be accessed by Senators, Members and parliamentary staff.

State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 2

Contents

Executive summary ..................................................................................... 1

Introduction ................................................................................................ 1

Chapter 1: Labour Market ............................................................................ 3

1.1 Employment ................................................................................................. 3

1.2 Unemployment ............................................................................................. 4

1.3 Labour force ................................................................................................. 5

Chapter 2: Wages and Prices ........................................................................ 6

2.1 Average weekly ordinary time earnings (AWOTE) ....................................... 6

2.2 Real average weekly ordinary time earnings................................................ 7

2.3 Male total average weekly earnings ............................................................. 8

2.4 Female total average weekly earnings ......................................................... 9

2.5 Wage price index ........................................................................................ 10

2.6 Consumer price index ................................................................................. 11

Chapter 3: State Accounts ........................................................................... 12

3.1 Real gross state product ............................................................................. 12

3.2 Real gross state product per capita ............................................................ 13

3.3 Labour productivity .................................................................................... 14

Chapter 4: Business Conditions ................................................................... 15

4.1 Value of retail sales..................................................................................... 15

4.2 Passenger vehicle sales ............................................................................... 16

4.3 Dwelling approvals ..................................................................................... 17

4.4 Business investment ................................................................................... 18

Chapter 5: Housing ..................................................................................... 19

5.1 Lending for owner occupied housing ......................................................... 19

5.2 Home loan size ........................................................................................... 20

Chapter 6: Public Sector Finances ................................................................ 21

6.1 State government net debt ........................................................................ 21

6.2 State government fiscal balance ................................................................ 22

6.3 State government taxation revenue........................................................... 23

Chapter 7: Exports ...................................................................................... 24

7.1 International merchandise exports ............................................................ 24

Chapter 8: Social Statistics .......................................................................... 25

8.1 Population .................................................................................................. 25

8.2 Apparent school retention rates ................................................................ 26

8.3 General practice bulk billing ....................................................................... 27

State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 3

Chapter 1: Labour Market 1.1 Employment

2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

Number employed (a) - '000

New South Wales 3 580.8 3 598.7 3 646.6 3 781.4 3 815.2

Victoria 2 842.7 2 859.1 2 921.9 2 989.2 3 098.9

Queensland 2 287.0 2 318.3 2 324.3 2 360.4 2 360.3

South Australia 809.6 799.4 803.5 807.1 817.0

Western Australia 1 322.0 1 328.6 1 348.7 1 348.9 1 342.8

Tasmania 233.7 232.8 239.7 239.1 240.3

Northern Territory 127.2 132.2 131.4 133.2 136.9

Australian Capital Territory 211.2 210.4 209.1 211.3 215.7

Australia 11 414.3 11 479.4 11 625.2 11 870.5 12 027.2

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 1.7 0.5 1.3 3.7 0.9

Victoria 0.8 0.6 2.2 2.3 3.7

Queensland 0.1 1.4 0.3 1.6 0.0

South Australia 0.1 -1.3 0.5 0.4 1.2

Western Australia 3.6 0.5 1.5 0.0 -0.4

Tasmania -1.0 -0.4 3.0 -0.3 0.5

Northern Territory 3.7 3.9 -0.6 1.3 2.8

Australian Capital Territory 1.5 -0.4 -0.6 1.0 2.1

Australia 1.2 0.6 1.3 2.1 1.3

(a) Total full-time and part-time employed; Annual average of monthly data. Source: ABS, Labour Force, Cat. no. 6291.0.55.001, Jul 2017

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1.2 Unemployment

2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

Number unemployed (a) - '000

New South Wales 197.6 217.1 229.2 216.3 199.8

Victoria 170.4 189.3 200.1 188.3 195.0

Queensland 143.8 148.6 161.6 156.0 156.9

South Australia 49.5 57.8 59.7 63.0 58.8

Western Australia 61.3 67.6 76.8 85.5 88.2

Tasmania 18.2 19.4 17.6 16.6 15.7

Northern Territory 6.2 6.1 5.8 5.8 5.0

Australian Capital Territory 9.1 8.3 9.9 9.9 8.4

Australia 656.1 714.3 760.8 741.5 727.8

Unemployment rate (b) - per cent

New South Wales 5.6 5.7 5.9 5.2 4.9

Victoria 5.7 6.6 6.1 5.7 6.1

Queensland 5.9 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.2

South Australia 6.2 6.7 7.8 6.8 6.6

Western Australia 4.9 5.0 5.9 6.0 5.6

Tasmania 7.9 7.3 6.6 6.5 6.0

Northern Territory 5.7 4.3 4.6 3.7 3.4

Australian Capital Territory 4.0 4.2 4.5 3.6 4.4

Australia 5.7 6.0 6.1 5.7 5.6

(a) Annual average of monthly data.

(b) Number unemployed as a proportion of the labour force, trend terms, as at June of financial year Source: ABS, Labour Force, Cat. no. 6202.0, August 2017

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Unemployment rate - per cent, 2016-17

State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 5

1.3 Labour force

2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

Labour force (a) - '000

New South Wales 3 778.4 3 815.9 3 875.7 3 997.9 4 016.4

Victoria 3 013.1 3 048.4 3 122.1 3 178.2 3 296.7

Queensland 2 430.8 2 466.9 2 485.9 2 516.5 2 518.2

South Australia 859.0 857.1 863.2 870.2 876.0

Western Australia 1 383.3 1 396.2 1 425.6 1 434.1 1 429.9

Tasmania 251.9 252.2 257.3 255.7 256.0

Northern Territory 133.4 138.3 137.2 139.0 141.7

Australian Capital Territory 220.4 218.7 219.1 221.3 224.2

Australia 12 070.3 12 193.7 12 386.0 12 612.9 12 759.3

Participation rate (b) - per cent

New South Wales 63.7 63.0 63.7 64.1 63.5

Victoria 64.9 64.5 64.7 65.1 66.1

Queensland 65.6 66.2 65.3 64.7 65.1

South Australia 62.8 62.3 62.5 62.0 62.3

Western Australia 68.3 68.0 68.6 67.6 67.8

Tasmania 60.3 60.9 60.9 59.6 61.0

Northern Territory 74.7 74.3 76.2 74.6 74.8

Australian Capital Territory 72.1 70.9 70.3 70.1 70.5

Australia 65.0 64.7 64.9 64.8 65.0

(a) Annual average of monthly data.

(b) Labour force as a proportion of the civilian population aged 15 years and over, trend series, as at June Source: ABS, Labour Force, Cat. no. 6202.0, August 2017

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State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 6

Chapter 2: Wages and Prices 2.1 Average weekly ordinary time earnings (AWOTE)

2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

AWOTE (a) (b) - $ per week

New South Wales 1 403.4 1 440.1 1 502.2 1 534.2 1 540.8

Victoria 1 334.8 1 384.6 1 396.6 1 439.7 1 503.9

Queensland 1 396.9 1 430.4 1 448.9 1 453.5 1 489.1

South Australia 1 279.2 1 339.0 1 347.3 1 395.5 1 446.8

Western Australia 1 617.7 1 630.6 1 682.2 1 703.7 1 709.0

Tasmania 1 246.2 1 257.8 1 277.9 1 326.7 1 349.0

Northern Territory 1 433.4 1 433.1 1 483.7 1 561.4 1 627.5

Australian Capital Territory 1 673.6 1 667.7 1 704.6 1 720.5 1 760.6

Australia 1 408.5 1 445.6 1 480.1 1 508.3 1 538.3

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 4.8 2.6 4.3 2.1 0.4

Victoria 3.1 3.7 0.9 3.1 4.5

Queensland 6.5 2.4 1.3 0.3 2.4

South Australia 4.4 4.7 0.6 3.6 3.7

Western Australia 6.4 0.8 3.2 1.3 0.3

Tasmania 5.0 0.9 1.6 3.8 1.7

Northern Territory 2.8 0.0 3.5 5.2 4.2

Australian Capital Territory 6.5 -0.4 2.2 0.9 2.3

Australia 5.1 2.6 2.4 1.9 2.0

(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.

(b) Average weekly ordinary time earnings for full-time adult employees.

Care should be taken when comparing average weekly earnings of states over time due to compositional changes Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Cat. no.6302.0, May 2017

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2.2 Real average weekly ordinary time earnings

2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

Real AWOTE (a) (b) - $ per week

New South Wales 1 489.5 1 490.0 1 525.0 1 534.2 1 510.3

Victoria 1 422.6 1 435.7 1 428.1 1 449.0 1 485.5

Queensland 1 491.0 1 485.3 1 476.7 1 458.2 1 469.2

South Australia 1 364.7 1 392.7 1 379.9 1 416.9 1 447.1

Western Australia 1 722.9 1 686.4 1 708.8 1 714.3 1 708.6

Tasmania 1 341.3 1 320.6 1 327.0 1 359.2 1 357.1

Northern Territory 1 514.0 1 459.9 1 490.9 1 566.7 1 630.9

Australian Capital Territory 1 788.1 1 743.3 1 762.0 1 765.5 1 773.2

Australia 1 499.7 1 498.5 1 508.5 1 516.3 1 520.5

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 2.2 0.0 2.3 0.6 -1.6

Victoria 0.9 0.9 -0.5 1.5 2.5

Queensland 4.4 -0.4 -0.6 -1.3 0.8

South Australia 2.3 2.0 -0.9 2.7 2.1

Western Australia 4.1 -2.1 1.3 0.3 -0.3

Tasmania 3.9 -1.5 0.5 2.4 -0.2

Northern Territory -0.2 -3.6 2.1 5.1 4.1

Australian Capital Territory 4.5 -2.5 1.1 0.2 0.4

Australia 2.8 -0.1 0.7 0.5 0.3

(a) Annual average.

(b) Average weekly ordinary time earnings for full-time adult employees expressed in average 2015-16 dollars; converted to real terms using the Consumer Price Index. Care should be taken when comparing average weekly earnings of states over time due to compositional changes Sources: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Cat. no. 6302.0, May 2017; ABS, Consumer Price Index, Cat. no. 6401.0, Jun 2017

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State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 8

2.3 Male total average weekly earnings

2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

MTAWE (a) (b) - $ per week

New South Wales 1 312.0 1 319.0 1 374.7 1 409.3 1 426.8

Victoria 1 248.3 1 284.0 1 275.4 1 294.4 1 332.5

Queensland 1 350.2 1 356.2 1 322.2 1 345.2 1 370.3

South Australia 1 200.2 1 279.0 1 243.8 1 250.5 1 288.9

Western Australia 1 640.3 1 629.2 1 685.0 1 634.7 1 637.7

Tasmania 1 100.0 1 115.6 1 157.6 1 163.9 1 188.5

Northern Territory 1 471.6 1 414.1 1 472.0 1 586.9 1 658.7

Australian Capital Territory 1 590.6 1 497.0 1 520.6 1 526.1 1 537.1

Australia 1 340.5 1 356.3 1 370.5 1 385.0 1 407.6

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 6.3 0.5 4.2 2.5 1.2

Victoria 2.9 2.9 -0.7 1.5 2.9

Queensland 6.3 0.4 -2.5 1.7 1.9

South Australia 4.6 6.6 -2.8 0.5 3.1

Western Australia 6.1 -0.7 3.4 -3.0 0.2

Tasmania 4.4 1.4 3.8 0.5 2.1

Northern Territory 4.5 -3.9 4.1 7.8 4.5

Australian Capital Territory 5.9 -5.9 1.6 0.4 0.7

Australia 5.5 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.6

(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.

(b) Total average weekly earnings for all male employees. Not adjusted for CPI. Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Cat. no. 6302.0, May 2017

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State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 9

2.4 Female total average weekly earnings

2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

FTAWE (a) (b) - $ per week

New South Wales 873.2 909.9 916.3 962.6 977.5

Victoria 819.5 835.1 851.4 878.5 910.0

Queensland 810.6 834.8 885.0 895.7 892.2

South Australia 757.3 839.8 854.7 825.0 866.9

Western Australia 868.5 925.2 954.6 954.2 980.4

Tasmania 765.3 763.2 781.3 774.0 818.0

Northern Territory 998.0 1 009.8 1 030.5 1 071.9 1 118.2

Australian Capital Territory 1 186.0 1 160.2 1 185.3 1 219.2 1 221.7

Australia 845.0 877.0 897.9 920.3 939.6

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 4.7 4.2 0.7 5.1 1.5

Victoria 4.4 1.9 2.0 3.2 3.6

Queensland 0.9 3.0 6.0 1.2 -0.4

South Australia 0.5 10.9 1.8 -3.5 5.1

Western Australia 5.7 6.5 3.2 0.0 2.7

Tasmania 4.2 -0.3 2.4 -0.9 5.7

Northern Territory 4.1 1.2 2.0 4.0 4.3

Australian Capital Territory 3.1 -2.2 2.2 2.9 0.2

Australia 3.7 3.8 2.4 2.5 2.1

(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.

(b) Total average weekly earnings for all female employees. Not adjusted for CPI Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Cat. no. 6302.0, May 2017

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State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 10

2.5 Wage price index

2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

Wage price index (a) (b)

New South Wales 114.3 117.1 119.8 122.4 124.9

Victoria 114.0 117.1 120.3 123.1 125.6

Queensland 114.7 117.7 120.5 122.8 125.1

South Australia 113.7 117.4 120.4 123.1 125.8

Western Australia 116.5 119.8 122.4 124.7 126.5

Tasmania 114.6 117.2 120.0 122.7 125.4

Northern Territory 115.2 118.3 121.4 124.1 126.7

Australian Capital Territory 114.9 117.6 119.7 121.7 124.0

Australia 114.6 117.6 120.4 123.0 125.4

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 3.1 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.0

Victoria 3.3 2.7 2.7 2.3 2.0

Queensland 3.1 2.6 2.4 1.9 1.9

South Australia 3.4 3.3 2.6 2.2 2.2

Western Australia 3.9 2.8 2.2 1.9 1.4

Tasmania 3.2 2.3 2.4 2.3 2.2

Northern Territory 3.3 2.7 2.6 2.2 2.1

Australian Capital Territory 3.8 2.3 1.8 1.7 1.9

Australia 3.3 2.6 2.4 2.2 2.0

(a) Index value at June of the financial year

(b) Total hourly rate of pay index excluding bonuses, all sectors. Base: 2008-09 = 100.0. Source: ABS, Wage Price Index, Cat. no. 6345.0, June 2017

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State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 11

2.6 Consumer price index

2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

Consumer price index (a)

Sydney 102.6 105.2 107.3 108.9 111.1

Melbourne 102.2 105.0 106.5 108.2 110.2

Brisbane 102.0 104.9 106.8 108.5 110.4

Adelaide 102.1 104.7 106.3 107.2 108.9

Perth 102.2 105.3 107.2 108.2 108.9

Hobart 101.2 103.7 104.9 106.3 108.2

Darwin 103.1 106.9 108.4 108.5 108.7

Canberra 101.9 104.2 105.3 106.1 108.1

Weighted average eight capital cities 102.3 105.0 106.8 108.3 110.2

Annual change - per cent (b)

Sydney 2.5 2.6 1.9 1.5 2.0

Melbourne 2.2 2.8 1.4 1.6 1.9

Brisbane 2.0 2.8 1.9 1.6 1.7

Adelaide 2.0 2.6 1.6 0.9 1.5

Perth 2.3 3.0 1.8 1.0 0.6

Hobart 1.1 2.5 1.1 1.4 1.8

Darwin 3.1 3.7 1.4 0.1 0.1

Canberra 1.9 2.2 1.1 0.7 1.9

Weighted average eight capital cities 2.3 2.7 1.7 1.4 1.7

(a) Annual average of quarterly data; base year for CPI is 2011-12 (b) Change in the annual averages of table above. Source: ABS, Consumer Price Index, Cat. no. 6401.0, June 2017

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State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 12

Chapter 3: State Accounts 3.1 Real gross state product

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16

Gross state product, chain volume measures - $ million

New South Wales 479 485 488 691 500 306 513 529 531 323

Victoria 346 133 349 871 352 512 361 669 373 624

Queensland 288 233 295 096 304 874 308 448 314 569

South Australia 94 897 96 483 97 336 99 237 101 096

Western Australia 216 029 228 425 241 579 250 377 255 214

Tasmania 25 112 24 925 25 370 25 695 26 039

Northern Territory 19 001 21 999 22 591 23 032 23 648

Australian Capital Territory 33 398 34 278 34 567 35 029 36 225

Australia 1 500 084 1 538 634 1 578 784 1 617 016 1 661 739

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 1.8 1.9 2.4 2.6 3.5

Victoria 1.8 1.1 0.8 2.6 3.3

Queensland 6.0 2.4 3.3 1.2 2.0

South Australia 0.7 1.7 0.9 2.0 1.9

Western Australia 9.1 5.7 5.8 3.6 1.9

Tasmania 0.1 -0.7 1.8 1.3 1.3

Northern Territory 2.3 15.8 2.7 2.0 2.7

Australian Capital Territory 1.6 2.6 0.8 1.3 3.4

Australia 3.6 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.8

Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis. Data for 2016-17 will be released in November 2017. Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, Cat. no. 5220.0, 2015-16

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State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 13

3.2 Real gross state product per capita

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16

Gross state product per capita, chain volume measures (a) $

New South Wales 66 030 66 427 67 069 67 886 69 266

Victoria 62 001 61 591 60 938 61 440 62 308

Queensland 63 788 64 028 65 073 64 949 65 416

South Australia 57 620 58 045 58 053 58 664 59 371

Western Australia 90 329 92 125 95 246 97 312 98 012

Tasmania 49 053 48 636 49 362 49 864 50 327

Northern Territory 81 654 91 932 93 027 94 709 96 906

Australian Capital Territory 89 995 90 700 90 179 90 341 92 173

Australia 66 620 67 138 67 810 68 486 69 421

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 0.7 0.6 1.0 1.2 2.0

Victoria 0.2 -0.7 -1.1 0.8 1.4

Queensland 4.1 0.4 1.6 -0.2 0.7

South Australia -0.2 0.7 0.0 1.1 1.2

Western Australia 5.8 2.0 3.4 2.2 0.7

Tasmania -0.2 -0.9 1.5 1.0 0.9

Northern Territory 1.3 12.6 1.2 1.8 2.3

Australian Capital Territory -0.1 0.8 -0.6 0.2 2.0

Australia 2.0 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.4

Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis. Data for 2016-17 will be released in November 2017. Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, Cat. no. 5220.0, 2015-16

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State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 14

3.3 Labour productivity

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16

Gross State Product per hour worked, $

New South Wales 350.5 354.3 353.3 364.8 357.2

Victoria 324.1 329.4 320.1 329.8 326.2

Queensland 316.4 328.7 325.7 335.0 335.2

South Australia 311.6 320.4 317.4 323.9 332.0

Western Australia 423.8 435.5 451.8 465.7 477.5

Tasmania 289.9 298.3 295.9 294.2 291.8

Northern Territory 364.4 413.0 401.5 415.0 414.0

Australian Capital Territory 422.4 435.5 437.9 445.3 449.5

Australia 343.8 350.7 349.1 359.8 357.0

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 2.6% 1.1% -0.3% 3.3% -2.1%

Victoria 3.8% 1.6% -2.8% 3.0% -1.1%

Queensland 4.8% 3.9% -0.9% 2.8% 0.1%

South Australia 2.5% 2.8% -0.9% 2.0% 2.5%

Western Australia 4.8% 2.8% 3.7% 3.1% 2.5%

Tasmania 3.0% 2.9% -0.8% -0.5% -0.8%

Northern Territory 1.7% 13.4% -2.8% 3.4% -0.3%

Australian Capital Territory 2.5% 3.1% 0.6% 1.7% 0.9%

Australia 4.4% 2.0% -0.5% 3.1% -0.8%

(a) Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked, all sectors (i.e. market and non-market sectors) Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis. Data for 2016-17 will be released in November 2017. Source: ABS, Australian national accounts: state accounts, Cat. no. 5220.0; ABS, Labour force, detailed, Cat. no. 6291.0.55.001

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State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 15

Chapter 4: Business Conditions 4.1 Value of retail sales

2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

Value (a) - $ million

New South Wales 79 884 84 934 91 261 96 088 99 281

Victoria 64 388 67 531 71 228 75 235 77 704

Queensland 54 604 57 013 58 573 60 162 61 883

South Australia 17 301 17 838 18 654 19 400 20 160

Western Australia 31 889 32 399 33 258 33 968 34 035

Tasmania 5 051 5 411 5 637 5 910 6 128

Northern Territory 2 885 3 047 3 071 3 120 3 125

Australian Capital Territory 4 848 4 940 5 130 5 410 5 676

Australia 260 851 273 112 286 812 299 293 307 993

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 3.0 6.3 7.4 5.3 3.3

Victoria 0.4 4.9 5.5 5.6 3.3

Queensland 4.5 4.4 2.7 2.7 2.9

South Australia -0.8 3.1 4.6 4.0 3.9

Western Australia 6.7 1.6 2.7 2.1 0.2

Tasmania -3.2 7.1 4.2 4.8 3.7

Northern Territory 2.0 5.6 0.8 1.6 0.2

Australian Capital Territory 4.2 1.9 3.8 5.5 4.9

Australia 2.7 4.7 5.0 4.4 2.9

Source: ABS, Retail Trade Australia, Cat. no. 8501.0, July 2017

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4.2 Passenger vehicle sales

2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

Number (a)

New South Wales 182 954 179 774 175 639 176 048 164 815

Victoria 163 443 158 989 148 484 142 757 139 307

Queensland 106 092 103 004 99 964 93 670 83 868

South Australia 35 637 35 780 32 903 29 926 28 699

Western Australia 59 558 53 816 45 871 40 011 33 673

Tasmania 9 269 8 716 7 587 7 083 6 790

Northern Territory 4 161 4 297 3 723 3 429 3 412

Australian Capital Territory 10 836 9 911 9 137 9 156 8 811

Australia 571 950 554 287 523 308 502 080 469 375

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales -0.5 -1.7 -2.3 0.2 -6.4

Victoria 2.2 -2.7 -6.6 -3.9 -2.4

Queensland -1.1 -2.9 -3.0 -6.3 -10.5

South Australia -2.0 0.4 -8.0 -9.0 -4.1

Western Australia 3.8 -9.6 -14.8 -12.8 -15.8

Tasmania 11.6 -6.0 -13.0 -6.6 -4.1

Northern Territory -2.9 3.3 -13.4 -7.9 -0.5

Australian Capital Territory 3.8 -8.5 -7.8 0.2 -3.8

Australia 0.7 -3.1 -5.6 -4.1 -6.5

(a) Includes vehicles designed primarily for the carriage of people, such as cars, station wagons and people movers. Also includes four wheel drive passenger vehicles not classified as sports utility vehicles.

Source: ABS, Sales of New Motor Vehicles, Cat. no. 9314.0, August 2017

-18

-15

-12

-9

-6

-3

0

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Annual change - per cent, 2016-17

State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 17

4.3 Dwelling approvals

2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

Number (a)

New South Wales 42 823 54 095 63 419 73 358 71 818

Victoria 48 897 54 842 67 672 68 099 65 533

Queensland 30 725 39 271 46 704 50 734 42 219

South Australia 9 066 11 651 11 400 12 567 11 527

Western Australia 25 637 30 895 32 707 24 631 20 158

Tasmania 1 897 2 184 2 872 2 425 2 216

Northern Territory 2 190 2 138 1 814 1 703 913

Australian Capital Territory 3 802 4 636 4 261 4 739 5 397

Australia 165 037 199 712 230 849 238 256 219 781

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 21.6 26.3 17.2 15.7 -2.1

Victoria -3.1 12.2 23.4 0.6 -3.8

Queensland 11.0 27.8 18.9 8.6 -16.8

South Australia 5.1 28.5 -2.2 10.2 -8.3

Western Australia 33.0 20.5 5.9 -24.7 -18.2

Tasmania -10.8 15.1 31.5 -15.6 -8.6

Northern Territory 35.3 -2.4 -15.2 -6.1 -46.4

Australian Capital Territory -21.8 21.9 -8.1 11.2 13.9

Australia 10.1 21.0 15.6 3.2 -7.8

(a) Houses and other dwellings (e.g. flats) intended for long-term residential use; includes both private and public sector dwellings. Source: ABS, Building Approvals, Cat. no. 8731.0, July 2017

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NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Annual change - per cent, 2016-17

State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 18

4.4 Business investment

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16

Chain volume measures (a) - $ million

New South Wales 55 332 58 714 54 131 55 495 56 363

Victoria 41 310 37 145 40 471 43 382 44 038

Queensland 66 784 70 323 69 199 54 227 41 555

South Australia 12 624 12 551 12 389 12 864 11 668

Western Australia 74 292 78 635 70 758 62 737 52 140

Tasmania 3 038 2 494 2 423 2 594 2 474

Northern Territory 5 181 10 374 11 447 12 207 8 007

Australian Capital Territory 2 703 2 762 2 266 2 339 2 369

Australia 261 411 272 897 263 013 245 845 218 615

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 5.5 6.1 -7.8 2.5 1.6

Victoria 0.7 -10.1 9.0 7.2 1.5

Queensland 41.1 5.3 -1.6 -21.6 -23.4

South Australia 11.4 -0.6 -1.3 3.8 -9.3

Western Australia 43.7 5.8 -10.0 -11.3 -16.9

Tasmania 12.0 -17.9 -2.8 7.1 -4.6

Northern Territory 85.6 100.2 10.3 6.6 -34.4

Australian Capital Territory 12.1 2.2 -18.0 3.2 1.3

Australia 23.1 4.4 -3.6 -6.5 -11.1

(a) Private business gross fixed capital formation for other buildings and structures, machinery and equipment, livestock and intangible fixed assets. Note: National account data is only available for financial years. Data for 2016-17 will be released in November 2017. Source: Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, Cat. no. 5220.0, 2015-16

-40

-35

-30

-25

-20

-15

-10

-5

0

5

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Annual change - per cent, 2015-16

State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 19

Chapter 5: Housing 5.1 Lending for owner occupied housing

2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

Value (a) - $ million

New South Wales 53 457 61 539 69 298 90 279 87 313

Victoria 45 639 49 018 53 737 67 300 67 811

Queensland 30 163 34 191 37 017 39 949 41 374

South Australia 9 206 10 886 11 326 12 698 13 024

Western Australia 25 283 28 530 28 266 26 206 23 470

Tasmania 1 934 2 360 2 409 2 531 2 877

Northern Territory 1 406 1 561 1 577 1 288 1 129

Australian Capital Territory 3 039 3 609 3 919 4 493 4 616

Australia 170 127 191 694 207 548 244 744 241 614

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales -0.7 15.1 12.6 30.3 -3.3

Victoria 4.4 7.4 9.6 25.2 0.8

Queensland 6.0 13.4 8.3 7.9 3.6

South Australia 2.5 18.2 4.0 12.1 2.6

Western Australia 20.8 12.8 -0.9 -7.3 -10.4

Tasmania -1.5 22.0 2.1 5.1 13.6

Northern Territory 13.6 11.0 1.0 -18.3 -12.3

Australian Capital Territory 8.5 18.8 8.6 14.7 2.7

Australia 5.1 12.7 8.3 17.9 -1.3

(a) Lending commitments by all types of lenders for the construction and purchase of new or established owner occupied dwellings. Source: ABS, Housing Finance, Cat. no. 5609.0, July 2017

-15

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-5

0

5

10

15

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Annual change - per cent, 2016-17

State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 20

5.2 Home loan size

2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

Average size of new owner-occupied home loan (a) - $'000

New South Wales 333.9 350.2 378.2 430.5 435.0

Victoria 300.3 314.3 334.0 373.3 376.0

Queensland 281.9 286.1 298.5 312.8 320.7

South Australia 247.1 251.6 262.7 276.9 285.1

Western Australia 297.3 314.9 332.8 334.3 334.4

Tasmania 213.9 214.1 215.3 226.4 234.8

Northern Territory 326.0 335.2 331.7 320.7 314.4

Australian Capital Territory 337.5 322.5 331.1 356.8 367.8

Australia 301.8 313.2 332.7 365.4 369.2

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 1.4 4.9 8.0 13.8 1.0

Victoria -0.1 4.7 6.3 11.7 0.7

Queensland -0.9 1.5 4.3 4.8 2.5

South Australia 1.0 1.8 4.4 5.4 3.0

Western Australia 7.4 5.9 5.7 0.5 0.0

Tasmania -2.2 0.1 0.6 5.2 3.7

Northern Territory 5.2 2.8 -1.1 -3.3 -2.0

Australian Capital Territory 2.7 -4.4 2.7 7.8 3.1

Australia 1.2 3.8 6.2 9.8 1.0

(a) Includes refinancing, but excludes alterations and additions and refinancing. Comprises construction of new dwellings and purchase of new and established dwellings Source: ABS, Housing Finance, Cat. no. 5609.0, July 2017

100

200

300

400

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NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Average home loan size, 2016-17 - $'000s

State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 21

Chapter 6: Public Sector Finances 6.1 State government net debt

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16

General government sector net debt (a) - $ million

New South Wales 13 238 10 898 5 899 5 453 195

Victoria 15 287 19 927 21 262 22 327 22 306

Queensland -5 865 2 513 5 184 5 752 634

South Australia 3 401 4 459 6 296 3 108 3 486

Western Australia 2 050 4 742 6 973 9 306 13 717

Tasmania - 409 - 220 - 208 - 537 - 746

Northern Territory 1 633 1 829 1 811 1 133 768

Australian Capital Territory -2 733 -2 504 -2 714 -2 427 -1 789

Total 26 603 41 643 44 503 44 115 38 572

General government sector net debt - percentage of gross state product

New South Wales 2.8 2.3 1.2 1.1 0.0

Victoria 4.7 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.0

Queensland -2.0 0.9 1.7 1.9 0.2

South Australia 3.7 4.7 6.5 3.1 3.5

Western Australia 0.8 1.9 2.6 3.7 5.7

Tasmania -1.7 -0.9 -0.8 -2.1 -2.9

Northern Territory 9.0 8.8 8.2 4.9 3.3

Australian Capital Territory -8.4 -7.3 -7.9 -6.9 -4.9

Total (b) 1.8 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.3

(a) Selected liabilities minus selected assets of the general government sector. A positive sign therefore indicates that selected liabilities exceed selected assets; a negative sign indicates that selected assets exceed selected liabilities. (b) Total or aggregate net debt for all jurisdictions is expressed as a percentage of gross state product at current prices. Note: 2016-17 data will be available around April 2018.

Sources: ABS, Government Finance Statistics, Cat. no. 5512.0,2015-16; Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, Cat, no. 5220.0, 2015-16

-6

-4

-2

0

2

4

6

8

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT ALL STATES

Percentage of gross state product, 2015-16

State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 22

6.2 State government fiscal balance

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16

General government sector fiscal balance (a) - $ million

New South Wales -2 099 -3 571 -1 346 612 339

Victoria -2 091 -2 704 1 105 - 398 84

Queensland -5 557 -7 736 -2 587 - 530 - 201

South Australia -1 102 -1 001 -1 707 - 124 97

Western Australia -1 581 -1 853 -1 127 -1 809 -3 152

Tasmania - 263 - 150 - 159 - 55 - 18

Northern Territory - 458 - 367 - 101 - 122 - 25

Australian Capital Territory - 336 - 755 - 575 - 912 - 628

Total (b) -13 490 -18 133 -6 494 -3 335 -3 516

General government sector fiscal balance - percentage of gross state product

New South Wales -0.5 -0.7 -0.3 0.1 0.1

Victoria -0.6 -0.8 0.3 -0.1 0.0

Queensland -1.9 -2.7 -0.9 -0.2 -0.1

South Australia -1.2 -1.1 -1.8 -0.1 0.1

Western Australia -0.7 -0.8 -0.4 -0.7 -1.3

Tasmania -1.1 -0.6 -0.6 -0.2 -0.1

Northern Territory -2.5 -1.8 -0.5 -0.5 -0.1

Australian Capital Territory -1.0 -2.2 -1.7 -2.6 -1.7

Total (c) -0.9 -1.2 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2

(a) The financing requirement of government. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position. (b) The sum of all state and territory jurisdictions may not agree with the total, due to transfers between jurisdictions. (c) Total or aggregate fiscal balance for all jurisdictions is expressed as a percentage of gross state product. Note: 2016-17 data will be available around April 2018.

Sources: ABS, Government Finance Statistics, Cat. no. 5512.0, 2015-16

-2

-1

0

1

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT ALL STATES

Percentage of gross state product, 2015-16

State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 23

6.3 State government taxation revenue

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16

General government sector taxation revenue - $ million

New South Wales 20 757 22 166 24 105 26 461 29 811

Victoria 15 136 15 629 16 995 18 436 20 027

Queensland 10 616 10 960 11 846 12 575 12 547

South Australia 3 869 4 112 4 107 4 393 4 426

Western Australia 7 125 8 170 8 594 8 772 8 997

Tasmania 888 925 957 1 012 1 068

Northern Territory 403 491 566 715 608

Australian Capital Territory 1 183 1 237 1 296 1 377 1 568

Total (a) 59 976 63 689 68 465 73 739 79 053

General government sector taxation revenue per capita - $

New South Wales 3 037 3 192 3 417 3 704 4 130

Victoria 2 937 2 973 3 164 3 376 3 616

Queensland 2 582 2 597 2 737 2 855 2 803

South Australia 2 463 2 588 2 553 2 700 2 699

Western Australia 3 383 3 762 3 836 3 829 3 823

Tasmania 1 800 1 855 1 897 1 989 2 088

Northern Territory 1 885 2 233 2 504 3 112 2 629

Australian Capital Territory 3 453 3 551 3 653 3 806 4 261

Total (b) 2 880 2 997 3 156 3 347 3 539

(a) Total is the sum of taxation revenue of all states, not taxation revenue for Australia.

(b) Total is the quotient of total taxation revenue (a) and the population of Australia. This is not equivalent to the taxation revenue per capita for Australia. Note: 2016-17 data will be released around April 2018. Source: ABS, Taxation Revenue, Cat. no. 5506.0, 2015-16

0

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

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Dollars per capita, 2015-16

State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 24

Chapter 7: Exports 7.1 International merchandise exports

2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

Merchandise exports (a) - $ million

New South Wales 37 044 36 599 37 032 36 193 44 081

Victoria 21 710 23 964 23 609 23 323 24 736

Queensland 44 433 44 813 46 488 47 867 66 176

South Australia 10 711 12 354 11 322 11 567 11 407

Western Australia 115 588 130 426 110 775 99 635 120 636

Tasmania 3 026 2 753 2 542 2 848 2 758

Northern Territory 5 958 6 804 6 177 4 701 4 879

Australian Capital Territory 7 1 6 14 21

Australia (b) 246 978 272 922 254 552 243 423 290 859

Merchandise exports - percentage of gross state product

New South Wales 7.7 7.4 7.2 6.7

Victoria 6.4 6.9 6.5 6.2

Queensland 15.2 14.9 15.1 15.1

South Australia 11.4 12.7 11.4 11.5

Western Australia 47.1 48.6 44.2 41.6

Tasmania 12.3 10.9 9.9 10.9

Northern Territory 28.8 30.9 26.8 20.4

Australian Capital Territory 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Australia (b) 16.2 17.2 15.7 14.7

(a) State in which the final stage of manufacture or production occurs. FOB value

(b) Includes re-exports and state figures not available for publication. Australian total, therefore, may not equal sum of states and territories. Note: This table is based on national accounts data. 2016-17 Gross State Product data will be released in November 2017.

Sources: ABS, International Trade in Goods and Services, Cat. no. 5368.0; ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, Cat. no. 5220.0, 2015-16

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20

30

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Percentage of gross state product, 2015-16

State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 25

Chapter 8: Social Statistics 8.1 Population

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16

Population (a) - '000

New South Wales 7 409.1 7 409.1 7 517.2 7 627.4 7 739.3

Victoria 5 775.8 5 775.8 5 902.0 6 033.0 6 179.2

Queensland 4 654.5 4 654.5 4 724.4 4 784.4 4 848.9

South Australia 1 671.7 1 671.7 1 687.7 1 701.8 1 713.1

Western Australia 2 493.0 2 493.0 2 523.1 2 544.3 2 559.0

Tasmania 512.5 512.5 513.8 515.4 517.6

Northern Territory 242.7 242.7 243.6 245.0 245.7

Australian Capital Territory 383.7 383.7 389.4 396.7 403.5

Australia 23 145.9 23 145.9 23 504.1 23 850.8 24 210.8

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 1.2 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.5

Victoria 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.4

Queensland 2.1 1.9 1.5 1.3 1.3

South Australia 1.0 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.7

Western Australia 3.1 2.7 1.2 0.8 0.6

Tasmania 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.4

Northern Territory 2.0 2.9 0.4 0.5 0.3

Australian Capital Territory 2.3 1.9 1.5 1.9 1.7

Australia 1.8 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.5

(a) Estimated resident population numbers are as at June of each year. Source: ABS, Australian Demographic Statistics, Cat. no. 3101.0, December 2016

0

1

2

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NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Annual change - per cent, 2015-16

State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 26

8.2 Apparent school retention rates

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Apparent retention rates from Year 10 to Year 12 (a)

New South Wales 77.6 79.8 79.5 79.8 81.5

Victoria 85.8 85.5 85.0 86.0 87.1

Queensland 86.2 87.9 87.0 88.5 90.1

South Australia 85.1 87.4 89.3 90.7 92.2

Western Australia 79.6 79.2 79.6 82.0 85.4

Tasmania 68.6 69.7 67.4 67.5 69.0

Northern Territory 54.7 58.4 55.8 60.0 68.0

Australian Capital Territory 82.6 84.3 83.8 84.4 84.8

Australia 81.9 83.1 82.8 83.7 85.5

Apparent retention rates from Year 7/8 to Year 12 (b)

New South Wales 76.3 78.4 78.9 80.1 81.4

Victoria 85.4 85.8 85.8 86.2 87.1

Queensland 88.3 88.7 88.1 89.3 90.4

South Australia 86.3 89.8 91.7 92.9 94.4

Western Australia 81.7 80.7 81.1 82.3 86.4

Tasmania 69.4 70.6 68.0 67.9 68.1

Northern Territory 46.3 47.8 49.1 54.9 57.5

Australian Capital Territory 82.5 84.8 82.6 85.5 85.9

Australia 82.3 83.2 83.2 84.2 85.6

(a) The number of full-time school students in Year 12 expressed as a percentage of the corresponding group at the commencement of their Year 10 schooling.

(b) The number of full-time school students in Year 12 expressed as a percentage of the corresponding group at the commencement of their secondary schooling. Source: ABS, Schools, Cat. no. 4221.0, 2016

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70

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Capped apparent retention rates from Year 7/8 to Year 12, 2016

State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 27

8.3 General practice bulk billing

2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17

General practice bulk billing rate (a) - per cent

New South Wales 86.8 87.6 88.2 88.6 88.7

Victoria 82.0 83.1 84.0 84.8 85.2

Queensland 81.6 82.8 83.7 84.5 85.4

South Australia 81.3 82.3 83.3 84.0 84.8

Western Australia 72.9 75.3 77.8 80.1 82.4

Tasmania 76.1 77.0 77.3 76.7 76.5

Northern Territory 77.4 80.7 84.5 87.4 88.9

Australian Capital Territory 54.9 57.0 57.9 60.0 61.8

Australia 82.2 83.4 84.3 85.1 85.7

(a) Proportion of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse), enhanced primary care and other non-referred attendances that are bulk billed. Source: Department of Health and Ageing, Annual Medicare Statistics, 2016-17

40

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60

70

80

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NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Bulk billing rate , 2016-17

State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 28

Glossary

Apparent school retention rate. The number of full-time school students in a designated level/year of education expressed as a percentage of their respective cohort group (which is either at the commencement of their secondary schooling or Year 10). For a discussion of ‘apparent’ retention rates compared to actual retention rates, see the ABS source publication, Schools, Australia, 2014 (cat. no. 4221.0) explanatory notes.

Average weekly earnings. Average gross (before tax) earnings of employees.

Average weekly ordinary time earnings. Weekly earnings attributed to award, standard or agreed hours of work.

Bankruptcies. Bankruptcies and Administration Orders under Parts IV and XI of the Bankruptcy Act 1966.

Business investment. Private gross fixed capital formation for machinery and equipment; non-dwelling construction; livestock; and intangible fixed assets.

Consumer price index. A measure of change in the price of a basket of goods and services from a base period. Changes in the consumer price index are the most commonly used measures of inflation.

Dependency ratio. Ratio of the economically inactive to economically active population. Shows the number of children aged 0-14 years and persons aged 65 years and over, per 100 persons aged 15-64 years.

Employed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, worked for one hour or more for pay or worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a family farm.

General government sector. Government departments and other entities that provide largely non-market public services and are funded mainly through taxes and other compulsory levies.

General government sector net debt. Selected liabilities (deposits held plus proceeds from advances plus borrowing) minus selected assets (cash and deposits plus investments plus advances outstanding) of the general government sector.

General government sector fiscal balance. The financing requirement of the general government sector. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position.

General practice bulk billing rate. The percentage of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse) that are bulk billed.

Gross domestic product. The total market value of goods and services produced within Australia, after deducting the cost of goods and services used up in the process of production but before deducting for depreciation.

Gross state product. Equivalent to gross domestic product except it refers to production within a state or territory rather than to the nation as a whole.

Gross state product—chain volume measures. Also known as real gross state product, this is a measure used to indicate change in the actual quantity of goods and services produced within a state or territory.

Gross state product per capita. The ratio of the chain volume measure of gross state product to an estimate of the resident population in the state or territory.

Job vacancy. A job available for immediate filling and for which recruitment action has been taken.

Job vacancy rate. The number of job vacancies expressed as a percentage of the number of employee jobs plus the number of job vacancies.

Labour force. The employed plus the unemployed.

Labour force participation rate. The number of persons in the labour force expressed as a percentage of the civilian population aged 15 years and over.

Labour productivity. Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked, all sectors (that is, market and non-market sectors).

State Statistical Bulletin 2016-17 29

Long-term unemployed. Persons unemployed for a period of 52 weeks or more.

Male total average weekly earnings. Weekly ordinary time earnings plus weekly overtime earnings of all male employees. This measure of earnings is used in the process of benchmarking pensions.

Real average weekly earnings. Average weekly earnings adjusted for inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index.

Total fertility rate. The average number of children females will bear during their lifetime.

Turnover. Includes retail sales; wholesale sales; takings from repairs, meals and hiring of goods; commissions from agency activity; and net takings from gaming machines. Turnover includes the Goods and Services Tax.

Unemployed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, were not employed but had actively looked for work in the previous four weeks and were available to start work.

Unemployment rate. The number of unemployed persons expressed as a percentage of the labour force.

Wage price index. A measure of change in the price of labour (that is, wages, salaries and overtime) unaffected by changes in the quality or quantity of work performed.

Youth unemployment. Number of 15-24 year olds looking for full-time work.

Youth unemployment rate. Number of 15-24 year olds looking for full-time work expressed as a percentage of the full-time labour force in the same age group.

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