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State Statistical Bulletin 2015



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ISSN 2203-5249

RESEARCH PAPER SERIES, 2015-16 31 MARCH 2016

State Statistical Bulletin 2015 Gregory O'Brien

Statistics and Mapping Section

Executive summary • This paper, a companion to the Monthly Statistical Bulletin published by the Parliamentary Library, provides tables and charts for a broad range of social, demographic and economic indicators across all Australian states and territories, and compares these to Australian averages.

• Each table presents data for the last five calendar years to 2015, while each chart plots data for the calendar year 2015.

• The State Statistical Bulletin is published every six months covering either the previous financial year or calendar year.

Contents

Executive summary ..................................................................................... 1

Introduction ................................................................................................ 3

Data Sources ...................................................................................................... 3

Historical Data ................................................................................................... 3

Chapter 1: Labour Market ............................................................................ 4

1.1 Employment ................................................................................................. 4

1.2 Unemployment ............................................................................................ 5

1.3 Labour force ................................................................................................. 6

Chapter 2: Wages and Prices ........................................................................ 7

2.1 Average weekly ordinary time earnings ..................................................... 7

2.2 Real average weekly ordinary time earnings ............................................. 8

2.3 Male total average weekly earnings........................................................... 9

2.4 Female total average weekly earnings ..................................................... 10

2.5 Wage price index ....................................................................................... 11

2.6 Consumer price index ................................................................................. 12

Chapter 3: State Accounts ........................................................................... 13

3.1 Real gross state product ............................................................................ 13

3.2 Real gross state product per capita........................................................... 14

3.3 Labour productivity .................................................................................... 15

State Statistical Bulletin 2015 2

Chapter 4: Business Conditions ................................................................... 16

4.1 Value of retail sales ................................................................................... 16

4.2 Passenger vehicle sales .............................................................................. 17

4.3 Dwelling approvals .................................................................................... 18

4.4 Business investment................................................................................... 19

Chapter 5: Housing ..................................................................................... 20

5.1 Lending for owner occupied housing ........................................................ 20

5.2 Home loan size ........................................................................................... 21

Chapter 6: Public Sector Finances ................................................................ 22

6.1 State government net debt ....................................................................... 22

6.2 State government fiscal balance ............................................................... 23

6.3 State government taxation revenue ......................................................... 24

Chapter 7: Exports ...................................................................................... 25

7.1 International merchandise exports ........................................................... 25

Chapter 8: Social Statistics .......................................................................... 26

8.1 Population .................................................................................................. 26

8.2 Apparent school retention rates ............................................................... 27

8.3 General practice bulk billing ...................................................................... 28

Glossary ..................................................................................................... 29

State Statistical Bulletin 2015 3

Introduction The purpose of this paper is to present a range of economic and other statistical indicators for the states and territories of Australia. To facilitate comparisons, indicators are presented in relative terms such as growth rates, percentages, or proportions of gross state product, so comparisons can be made using equivalent measures.

This publication is a companion to the Monthly Statistical Bulletin which contains Australia-wide data only, but on a more frequent basis.

A glossary of social, demographic and economic terms used in the tables is provided at the end of this publication.

Data Sources Data sources are listed at the bottom of the page for each indicator. All data is from an original ABS series unless otherwise indicated as a trend or seasonally adjusted series.

Historical Data

Long-term data series for every table in this paper and for the Parliamentary Library’s companion publication, the Monthly Statistical Bulletin, are available electronically and can be found on the Parliamentary Library’s Monthly Statistical Bulletin and State Statistical Bulletin pages.

Note: These links can only be accessed by Senators, Members and parliamentary staff.

State Statistical Bulletin 2015 4

Chapter 1: Labour Market 1.1 Employment

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Number employed (a) '000s

New South Wales 3 511.8 3 543.5 3 595.0 3 617.9 3 712.2

Victoria 2 813.6 2 832.0 2 854.6 2 876.1 2 952.5

Queensland 2 271.0 2 284.6 2 300.4 2 322.7 2 344.0

South Australia 808.4 807.5 805.1 801.3 804.5

Western Australia 1 243.0 1 309.3 1 325.0 1 337.5 1 353.6

Tasmania 238.7 234.4 231.5 237.5 240.2

Northern Territory 121.4 125.6 128.8 131.0 133.9

Australian Capital Territory 207.0 210.5 210.3 209.8 209.7

Australia 11 214.9 11 347.4 11 450.8 11 533.6 11 750.5

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 1.6 0.9 1.5 0.6 2.6

Victoria 2.0 0.7 0.8 0.8 2.7

Queensland 1.4 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.9

South Australia 1.0 -0.1 -0.3 -0.5 0.4

Western Australia 3.2 5.3 1.2 0.9 1.2

Tasmania 0.2 -1.8 -1.2 2.6 1.1

Northern Territory 0.9 3.5 2.6 1.7 2.2

Australian Capital Territory 0.5 1.7 -0.1 -0.3 -0.1

Australia 1.7 1.2 0.9 0.7 1.9

(a) Total full-time and part-time employed; Annual average of monthly data. Source: ABS, Labour Force, Australia, detailed - Electronic Delivery, Jan 2016, cat. no. 6291.0.55.001

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1.2 Unemployment

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Number unemployed (a) - '000s

New South Wales 191.6 188.5 212.5 220.2 226.9

Victoria 149.5 164.6 178.1 202.9 191.4

Queensland 131.4 139.7 142.3 159.0 157.3

South Australia 45.7 46.8 54.2 57.5 64.1

Western Australia 55.1 54.3 63.9 72.8 84.8

Tasmania 14.1 17.5 19.3 18.6 16.9

Northern Territory 4.7 5.5 6.9 5.5 6.0

Australian Capital Territory 8.2 8.3 9.1 9.2 10.3

Australia 600.3 625.1 686.5 745.6 757.8

Unemployment rate (b) - per cent

New South Wales 5.2 5.1 5.7 6.1 5.2

Victoria 5.3 5.6 6.2 6.5 5.9

Queensland 5.5 5.9 5.9 6.6 5.9

South Australia 5.3 5.8 6.8 6.8 7.3

Western Australia 4.2 4.4 4.7 5.5 6.4

Tasmania 6.4 7.1 7.7 6.7 6.6

Northern Territory 4.7 4.3 4.3 3.9 4.1

Australian Capital Territory 3.7 4.4 3.7 4.7 5.2

Australia 5.2 5.4 5.9 6.2 5.8

(a) Annual average of monthly data.

(b) Number unemployed as a proportion of the labour force, trend terms, as at December Source: ABS, Labour Force, cat. no. 6202.0

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1.3 Labour force

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Labour force (a) - '000

New South Wales 3 703.5 3 732.0 3 807.5 3 838.0 3 939.1

Victoria 2 963.1 2 996.5 3 032.7 3 078.9 3 143.8

Queensland 2 402.4 2 424.3 2 442.8 2 481.6 2 501.4

South Australia 854.1 854.3 859.3 858.8 868.7

Western Australia 1 298.1 1 363.6 1 389.0 1 410.3 1 438.4

Tasmania 252.8 251.9 250.8 256.1 257.1

Northern Territory 126.0 131.1 135.8 136.5 139.9

Australian Capital Territory 215.3 218.8 219.5 219.0 219.9

Australia 11 815.2 11 972.5 12 137.2 12 279.2 12 508.3

Participation rate (b) - per cent

New South Wales 65.3 65.1 64.6 64.6 65.2

Victoria 65.1 64.8 64.5 64.9 64.7

Queensland 67.1 66.2 65.6 65.2 65.7

South Australia 63.3 63.1 62.1 61.7 62.2

Western Australia 68.6 69.4 68.1 68.7 68.8

Tasmania 60.8 60.4 59.7 61.3 60.7

Northern Territory 74.6 74.0 75.3 73.6 74.3

Australian Capital Territory 72.4 72.8 71.2 70.3 70.9

Australia 65.1 65.1 64.5 64.7 65.1

(a) Annual average of monthly data.

(b) Labour force as a proportion of the civilian population aged 15 years and over, trend series, as at December Source: ABS, Labour Force, cat. no. 6202.0

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Chapter 2: Wages and Prices 2.1 Average weekly ordinary time earnings

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

AWOTE (a) (b) - $ per week

New South Wales 1 322.3 1 377.1 1 414.5 1 475.7 1 519.7

Victoria 1 273.8 1 314.3 1 363.8 1 388.4 1 410.7

Queensland 1 287.2 1 346.3 1 422.8 1 447.9 1 443.8

South Australia 1 202.7 1 253.1 1 300.6 1 352.8 1 362.1

Western Australia 1 499.0 1 553.7 1 632.4 1 657.2 1 700.0

Tasmania 1 162.9 1 211.8 1 267.3 1 256.8 1 303.9

Northern Territory 1 334.1 1 413.0 1 449.1 1 435.6 1 533.3

Australian Capital Territory 1 521.6 1 619.6 1 687.0 1 682.8 1 711.3

Australia 1 317.4 1 372.6 1 429.0 1 465.6 1 491.8

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 3.7 4.1 2.7 4.3 3.0

Victoria 3.4 3.2 3.8 1.8 1.6

Queensland 3.4 4.6 5.7 1.8 -0.3

South Australia 4.3 4.2 3.8 4.0 0.7

Western Australia 8.0 3.6 5.1 1.5 2.6

Tasmania 5.5 4.2 4.6 -0.8 3.7

Northern Territory 7.0 5.9 2.6 -0.9 6.8

Australian Capital Territory 3.9 6.4 4.2 -0.2 1.7

Australia 4.3 4.2 4.1 2.6 1.8

(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.

(b) Average weekly ordinary time earnings for full-time adult employees.

Care should be taken when comparing average weekly earnings of states over time due to compositional changes Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Nov 2015, cat. no. 6302.0

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2.2 Real average weekly ordinary time earnings

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Real AWOTE (a) (b) - $ per week

New South Wales 1 442.1 1 473.0 1 475.8 1 503.8 1 519.7

Victoria 1 388.2 1 409.3 1 427.4 1 419.5 1 422.9

Queensland 1 401.4 1 443.6 1 492.4 1 478.2 1 451.8

South Australia 1 311.7 1 343.7 1 365.5 1 386.0 1 379.9

Western Australia 1 635.7 1 665.6 1 705.7 1 685.2 1 706.3

Tasmania 1 268.0 1 306.1 1 341.3 1 302.5 1 336.9

Northern Territory 1 456.1 1 512.5 1 493.2 1 438.2 1 529.0

Australian Capital Territory 1 659.1 1 739.7 1 775.1 1 735.6 1 753.8

Australia 1 436.8 1 471.1 1 494.9 1 495.9 1 500.1

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 0.2 2.1 0.2 1.9 1.1

Victoria 0.0 1.5 1.3 -0.6 0.2

Queensland 0.2 3.0 3.4 -1.0 -1.8

South Australia 0.5 2.4 1.6 1.5 -0.4

Western Australia 5.1 1.8 2.4 -1.2 1.3

Tasmania 2.2 3.0 2.7 -2.9 2.6

Northern Territory 4.1 3.9 -1.3 -3.7 6.3

Australian Capital Territory 0.5 4.9 2.0 -2.2 1.0

Australia 1.0 2.4 1.6 0.1 0.3

(a) Annual average.

(b) Average weekly ordinary time earnings for full-time adult employees expressed in average 2013-14 dollars; converted to real terms using the Consumer Price Index. Care should be taken when comparing average weekly earnings of states over time due to compositional changes Sources: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Nov 2015, cat. no. 6302.0; ABS, Consumer Price Index, Dec 2015, cat. no. 6401.0

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State Statistical Bulletin 2015 9

2.3 Male total average weekly earnings

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

MTAWE (a) (b) - $ per week

New South Wales 1 210.3 1 285.0 1 313.6 1 348.0 1 388.8

Victoria 1 192.9 1 222.1 1 281.3 1 277.1 1 278.1

Queensland 1 255.3 1 299.6 1 354.8 1 352.9 1 323.7

South Australia 1 121.0 1 177.8 1 227.7 1 280.4 1 241.0

Western Australia 1 515.1 1 585.0 1 641.4 1 662.0 1 657.8

Tasmania 1 025.9 1 081.4 1 115.3 1 132.1 1 163.2

Northern Territory 1 352.2 1 439.1 1 450.7 1 436.4 1 508.5

Australian Capital Territory 1 431.5 1 561.6 1 545.9 1 511.5 1 530.4

Australia 1 245.8 1 304.7 1 352.3 1 368.1 1 372.2

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 3.0 6.2 2.2 2.6 3.0

Victoria 2.4 2.4 4.8 -0.3 0.1

Queensland 2.9 3.5 4.3 -0.1 -2.2

South Australia 4.6 5.1 4.2 4.3 -3.1

Western Australia 9.7 4.6 3.6 1.3 -0.3

Tasmania 5.7 5.4 3.1 1.5 2.8

Northern Territory 11.2 6.4 0.8 -1.0 5.0

Australian Capital Territory 3.4 9.1 -1.0 -2.2 1.3

Australia 4.1 4.7 3.6 1.2 0.3

(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.

(b) Total average weekly earnings for all male employees.

Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, November 2015, cat. no. 6302.0

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2.4 Female total average weekly earnings

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

FTAWE (a) (b) - $ per week

New South Wales 827.5 852.2 899.8 905.0 940.1

Victoria 778.5 801.5 823.8 843.0 867.3

Queensland 795.0 812.1 814.5 854.9 897.5

South Australia 721.9 757.4 793.2 856.6 836.5

Western Australia 792.7 840.8 903.4 943.6 959.7

Tasmania 716.0 754.9 765.2 771.4 778.1

Northern Territory 941.9 986.0 1 008.5 1 006.6 1 048.5

Australian Capital Territory 1 111.7 1 188.4 1 171.1 1 160.5 1 206.1

Australia 802.0 831.0 861.3 884.6 911.3

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 2.9 3.0 5.6 0.6 3.9

Victoria 3.6 3.0 2.8 2.3 2.9

Queensland 2.8 2.2 0.3 5.0 5.0

South Australia 1.7 4.9 4.7 8.0 -2.3

Western Australia 6.6 6.1 7.4 4.5 1.7

Tasmania 5.7 5.4 1.4 0.8 0.9

Northern Territory 5.8 4.7 2.3 -0.2 4.2

Australian Capital Territory 6.4 6.9 -1.5 -0.9 3.9

Australia 3.5 3.6 3.6 2.7 3.0

(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.

(b) Total average weekly earnings for all female employees.

Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, November 2015, cat. no. 6302.0

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2.5 Wage price index

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Wage price index (a) (b)

New South Wales 110.5 114.0 116.8 119.6 122.1

Victoria 110.0 113.9 116.7 120.0 122.9

Queensland 111.0 114.4 117.3 120.3 122.6

South Australia 109.8 113.2 117.2 120.2 123.0

Western Australia 111.2 116.0 119.5 122.3 124.5

Tasmania 110.5 114.2 116.7 119.6 122.2

Northern Territory 111.5 115.1 117.8 121.1 124.0

Australian Capital Territory 110.1 114.8 117.5 119.5 121.4

Australia 110.5 114.3 117.2 120.2 122.7

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 3.8 3.2 2.5 2.4 2.1

Victoria 3.6 3.5 2.5 2.8 2.4

Queensland 3.6 3.1 2.5 2.6 1.9

South Australia 3.3 3.1 3.5 2.6 2.3

Western Australia 3.9 4.3 3.0 2.3 1.8

Tasmania 3.6 3.3 2.2 2.5 2.2

Northern Territory 4.2 3.2 2.3 2.8 2.4

Australian Capital Territory 2.9 4.3 2.4 1.7 1.6

Australia 3.7 3.4 2.5 2.6 2.1

(a) Index value at December

(b) Total hourly rate of pay index excluding bonuses, all sectors. Base: 2008-09 = 100.0. Source: ABS, Wage Price Index, December 2015, cat. no. 6345.0

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State Statistical Bulletin 2015 12

2.6 Consumer price index

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Consumer price index (a)

Sydney 99.3 101.2 103.8 106.3 108.3

Melbourne 99.4 101.0 103.5 105.9 107.4

Brisbane 99.5 101.0 103.2 106.1 107.7

Adelaide 99.3 101.0 103.1 105.7 106.9

Perth 99.2 101.0 103.6 106.5 107.9

Hobart 99.3 100.5 102.3 104.5 105.6

Darwin 99.2 101.2 105.1 108.1 108.6

Canberra 99.3 100.8 102.9 105.0 105.7

Weighted average eight capital cities 99.3 101.0 103.5 106.1 107.7

Annual change - per cent (b)

Sydney 3.5 2.0 2.5 2.4 1.9

Melbourne 3.4 1.6 2.5 2.4 1.4

Brisbane 3.2 1.5 2.2 2.7 1.5

Adelaide 3.8 1.7 2.1 2.5 1.1

Perth 2.8 1.8 2.6 2.8 1.3

Hobart 3.2 1.2 1.8 2.1 1.1

Darwin 2.8 2.0 3.9 2.9 0.5

Canberra 3.5 1.5 2.1 2.0 0.6

Weighted average eight capital cities 3.3 1.8 2.4 2.5 1.5

(a) Annual average of quarterly data; base year for CPI is 2011-12 (b) Change in the annual averages of table above. Source: ABS, Consumer Price Index, December 2015, cat. no. 6401.0

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State Statistical Bulletin 2015 13

Chapter 3: State Accounts 3.1 Real gross state product

2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

Gross state product, chain volume measures - $ million

New South Wales 466 095 474 721 484 154 495 235 506 918

Victoria 333 519 339 871 343 319 346 881 355 580

Queensland 268 055 283 596 290 535 298 680 300 270

South Australia 94 050 94 600 96 218 96 994 98 539

Western Australia 219 893 239 801 253 006 267 052 276 312

Tasmania 24 992 25 005 24 696 25 015 25 419

Northern Territory 17 935 18 512 19 739 20 323 22 450

Australian Capital Territory 32 693 33 197 34 161 34 398 34 866

Australia 1 456 207 1 509 107 1 545 929 1 584 578 1 620 355

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 2.8 1.9 2.0 2.3 2.4

Victoria 2.6 1.9 1.0 1.0 2.5

Queensland 0.5 5.8 2.4 2.8 0.5

South Australia 2.4 0.6 1.7 0.8 1.6

Western Australia 3.8 9.1 5.5 5.6 3.5

Tasmania 0.3 0.1 -1.2 1.3 1.6

Northern Territory 1.9 3.2 6.6 3.0 10.5

Australian Capital Territory 3.4 1.5 2.9 0.7 1.4

Australia 2.4 3.6 2.4 2.5 2.3

Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, 2014-15, cat. no. 5220.0 Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis.

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State Statistical Bulletin 2015 14

3.2 Real gross state product per capita

2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

Gross state product per capita, chain volume measures - $

New South Wales 64 917 65 374 65 810 66 389 66 996

Victoria 60 687 60 880 60 438 59 965 60 413

Queensland 60 415 62 762 63 038 63 751 63 209

South Australia 57 611 57 439 57 886 57 849 58 253

Western Australia 94 820 100 268 102 039 105 289 107 247

Tasmania 48 983 48 843 48 189 48 672 49 329

Northern Territory 77 879 79 553 82 487 83 687 92 107

Australian Capital Territory 89 611 89 453 90 391 89 740 89 975

Australia 65 686 67 020 67 456 68 059 68 609

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 1.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.9

Victoria 1.2 0.3 -0.7 -0.8 0.7

Queensland -1.1 3.9 0.4 1.1 -0.8

South Australia 1.5 -0.3 0.8 -0.1 0.7

Western Australia 1.3 5.7 1.8 3.2 1.9

Tasmania -0.4 -0.3 -1.3 1.0 1.3

Northern Territory 0.7 2.2 3.7 1.5 10.1

Australian Capital Territory 1.5 -0.2 1.0 -0.7 0.3

Australia 1.0 2.0 0.6 0.9 0.8

Note: Gross state product is only available for financial years

Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, 2014-15, cat. no. 5220.0

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3.3 Labour productivity

2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

Gross State Product per hour worked, $

New South Wales 337.8 348.4 349.9 349.5 359.5

Victoria 305.5 320.0 322.8 314.6 323.7

Queensland 297.6 312.3 323.8 318.3 325.7

South Australia 303.1 312.4 319.1 315.6 323.2

Western Australia 446.9 468.9 482.4 498.7 513.3

Tasmania 279.5 291.5 293.9 290.8 290.9

Northern Territory 345.9 355.6 369.0 360.6 403.4

Australian Capital Territory 409.2 422.1 434.4 434.7 444.1

Australia 331.3 345.8 352.4 350.4 360.5

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 0.4% 3.1% 0.4% -0.1% 2.9%

Victoria -1.4% 4.7% 0.9% -2.6% 2.9%

Queensland -0.5% 4.9% 3.7% -1.7% 2.4%

South Australia -1.0% 3.1% 2.1% -1.1% 2.4%

Western Australia -1.1% 4.9% 2.9% 3.4% 2.9%

Tasmania -1.5% 4.3% 0.8% -1.0% 0.0%

Northern Territory -0.7% 2.8% 3.8% -2.3% 11.9%

Australian Capital Territory 1.1% 3.2% 2.9% 0.1% 2.2%

Australia -0.5% 4.4% 1.9% -0.6% 2.9%

(a) Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked, all sectors (i.e. market and non-market sectors) Source: ABS, Australian national accounts: state accounts, cat. no. 5220.0, 2014-15; ABS, Labour force, Australia, Detailed—Electronic Delivery, January 2016, cat. no. 6291.0.55.001

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Chapter 4: Business Conditions 4.1 Value of retail sales

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Value (a) - $ million

New South Wales 76 515 78 478 81 717 88 626 93 258

Victoria 63 392 64 127 65 529 69 480 72 895

Queensland 50 989 53 440 55 898 57 616 59 360

South Australia 17 287 17 401 17 548 18 144 18 945

Western Australia 28 441 31 136 32 208 32 731 33 572

Tasmania 5 176 5 107 5 184 5 547 5 741

Northern Territory 2 761 2 871 2 952 3 078 3 081

Australian Capital Territory 4 578 4 760 4 949 4 987 5 200

Australia 249 138 257 319 265 985 280 209 292 052

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 1.4 2.6 4.1 8.5 5.2

Victoria 2.8 1.2 2.2 6.0 4.9

Queensland 3.2 4.8 4.6 3.1 3.0

South Australia -0.7 0.7 0.8 3.4 4.4

Western Australia 7.7 9.5 3.4 1.6 2.6

Tasmania -1.1 -1.3 1.5 7.0 3.5

Northern Territory 2.8 4.0 2.8 4.3 0.1

Australian Capital Territory 0.4 4.0 4.0 0.8 4.3

Australia 2.6 3.3 3.4 5.3 4.2

(a) Seasonally-adjusted data Source: ABS, Retail Trade Australia, January 2016, cat. no. 8501.0

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4.2 Passenger vehicle sales

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Number (a)

New South Wales 182 547 185 080 181 248 176 060 176 714

Victoria 158 051 163 856 163 282 152 200 146 173

Queensland 105 126 107 664 105 113 98 380 98 821

South Australia 36 158 36 296 35 843 34 173 31 078

Western Australia 54 460 60 206 57 080 49 800 42 602

Tasmania 8 689 8 625 9 325 7 601 7 662

Northern Territory 4 195 4 320 4 226 3 917 3 585

Australian Capital Territory 10 296 10 808 10 337 9 471 9 048

Australia 559 522 576 855 566 454 531 602 515 683

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales -1.8 1.4 -2.1 -2.9 0.4

Victoria -7.6 3.7 -0.4 -6.8 -4.0

Queensland -3.7 2.4 -2.4 -6.4 0.4

South Australia -5.9 0.4 -1.2 -4.7 -9.1

Western Australia -12.2 10.6 -5.2 -12.8 -14.5

Tasmania -17.1 -0.7 8.1 -18.5 0.8

Northern Territory -2.7 3.0 -2.2 -7.3 -8.5

Australian Capital Territory -4.0 5.0 -4.4 -8.4 -4.5

Australia -5.5 3.1 -1.8 -6.2 -3.0

(a) Includes vehicles designed primarily for the carriage of people, such as cars, station wagons and people movers. Also includes four wheel drive passenger vehicles not classified as sports utility vehicles.

Source: ABS, Sales of New Motor Vehicles, February 2016, cat. no. 9314.0

-18

-15

-12

-9

-6

-3

0

3

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Annual change - per cent, 2015

State Statistical Bulletin 2015 18

4.3 Dwelling approvals

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Number (a)

New South Wales 34 433 38 418 48 349 54 167 67 788

Victoria 52 295 52 139 49 798 60 889 68 460

Queensland 27 664 28 722 35 330 39 395 49 675

South Australia 10 058 8 288 10 399 11 583 11 177

Western Australia 19 917 21 367 28 404 32 801 28 475

Tasmania 2 556 1 986 1 861 2 519 2 763

Northern Territory 1 322 1 920 2 306 2 000 1 666

Australian Capital Territory 5 510 3 794 4 801 3 938 4 202

Australia 153 755 156 634 181 248 207 292 234 206

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales -6.5 11.6 25.8 12.0 25.1

Victoria -16.6 -0.3 -4.5 22.3 12.4

Queensland -20.5 3.8 23.0 11.5 26.1

South Australia -22.8 -17.6 25.5 11.4 -3.5

Western Australia -17.7 7.3 32.9 15.5 -13.2

Tasmania -20.1 -22.3 -6.3 35.4 9.7

Northern Territory -22.1 45.2 20.1 -13.3 -16.7

Australian Capital Territory 1.0 -31.1 26.5 -18.0 6.7

Australia -15.5 1.9 15.7 14.4 13.0

(a) Houses and other dwellings (e.g. flats) intended for long-term residential use; includes both private and public sector dwellings. Source: ABS, Building Approvals, January 2016, cat. no. 8731.0

-20

-10

0

10

20

30

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Annual change - per cent, 2015

State Statistical Bulletin 2015 19

4.4 Business investment

2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

Chain volume measures (a) - $ million

New South Wales 51 028 53 888 57 176 53 178 53 863

Victoria 41 950 42 458 37 698 40 925 43 685

Queensland 46 287 64 560 68 060 65 707 51 423

South Australia 11 211 12 532 12 507 12 229 12 336

Western Australia 51 096 74 257 78 714 71 232 62 471

Tasmania 2 645 2 961 2 433 2 382 2 510

Northern Territory 2 661 5 217 9 244 10 541 12 511

Australian Capital Territory 2 404 2 693 2 752 2 246 2 274

Australia 209 915 258 691 268 545 258 438 241 073

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 5.7 5.6 6.1 -7.0 1.3

Victoria 1.5 1.2 -11.2 8.6 6.7

Queensland 22.1 39.5 5.4 -3.5 -21.7

South Australia 8.8 11.8 -0.2 -2.2 0.9

Western Australia 11.3 45.3 6.0 -9.5 -12.3

Tasmania 8.1 11.9 -17.8 -2.1 5.4

Northern Territory -20.7 96.1 77.2 14.0 18.7

Australian Capital Territory -2.4 12.0 2.2 -18.4 1.2

Australia 8.9 23.2 3.8 -3.8 -6.7

(a) Private business gross fixed capital formation for other buildings and structures, machinery and equipment, livestock and intangible fixed assets. Note: National account data is only available for financial years Source: Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, 2014-15, cat. no. 5220.0

-25 -20

-15 -10

-5 0

5

10 15

20 25

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Annual change - per cent, 2014-15

State Statistical Bulletin 2015 20

Chapter 5: Housing 5.1 Lending for owner occupied housing

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Value (a) - $ million

New South Wales 53 461 51 919 59 442 66 893 85 800

Victoria 43 673 44 277 49 010 54 510 65 624

Queensland 26 997 29 340 32 398 36 113 38 678

South Australia 9 007 8 829 9 994 10 720 11 674

Western Australia 19 309 22 991 27 374 28 701 27 262

Tasmania 2 043 1 927 2 072 2 332 2 424

Northern Territory 1 122 1 373 1 402 1 568 1 337

Australian Capital Territory 2 822 2 890 3 218 3 412 3 991

Australia 158 434 163 545 184 911 204 248 236 790

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 9.3 -2.9 14.5 12.5 28.3

Victoria 2.1 1.4 10.7 11.2 20.4

Queensland -10.7 8.7 10.4 11.5 7.1

South Australia -1.8 -2.0 13.2 7.3 8.9

Western Australia 1.5 19.1 19.1 4.8 -5.0

Tasmania 1.8 -5.7 7.5 12.5 4.0

Northern Territory -3.1 22.4 2.1 11.8 -14.7

Australian Capital Territory 1.1 2.4 11.4 6.0 17.0

Australia 1.5 3.2 13.1 10.5 15.9

(a) Lending commitments by all types of lenders for the construction and purchase of new or established owner occupied dwellings. Source: ABS, Housing Finance, Jan 2016, cat. no. 5609.0

-20 -15

-10 -5

0 5

10 15

20 25

30 35

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Annual change - per cent, 2015

State Statistical Bulletin 2015 21

5.2 Home loan size

2011 2012 2013 2014 2015

Average size of new owner-occupied home loan (a) - $'000

New South Wales 337.9 329.7 340.5 367.2 420.1

Victoria 304.4 298.4 302.2 329.2 362.5

Queensland 287.1 283.4 282.0 297.1 311.5

South Australia 249.6 244.4 247.9 261.4 275.1

Western Australia 280.6 286.0 303.8 332.8 339.6

Tasmania 216.7 217.4 213.4 220.9 222.1

Northern Territory 304.1 320.4 333.6 350.4 333.7

Australian Capital Territory 332.1 334.6 329.4 332.7 352.4

Australia 303.2 298.6 305.2 328.4 359.8

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales -0.7 -2.4 3.3 7.8 14.4

Victoria 1.7 -2.0 1.3 8.9 10.1

Queensland -1.6 -1.3 -0.5 5.4 4.8

South Australia 0.6 -2.1 1.4 5.4 5.2

Western Australia -5.9 1.9 6.2 9.6 2.0

Tasmania 1.1 0.3 -1.8 3.5 0.5

Northern Territory 0.7 5.3 4.1 5.0 -4.8

Australian Capital Territory 3.3 0.7 -1.5 1.0 5.9

Australia -0.3 -1.5 2.2 7.6 9.6

(a) Includes refinancing, but excludes alterations and additions and refinancing. Comprises construction of new dwellings and purchase of new and established dwellings Source: ABS, Housing Finance, Jan 2016, cat. no. 5609.0

100

200

300

400

500

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Average home loan size, 2014-15 - $'000s

State Statistical Bulletin 2015 22

Chapter 6: Public Sector Finances 6.1 State government net debt

2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14

General government sector net debt (a) - $ million

New South Wales 9 225 7 766 13 238 10 898 5 899

Victoria 7 932 11 885 15 287 19 927 21 262

Queensland -13 347 -9 055 -5 865 2 513 5 184

South Australia 735 2 251 3 401 4 459 6 296

Western Australia -1 076 236 2 050 4 742 6 973

Tasmania - 748 - 415 - 409 - 220 - 208

Northern Territory 719 1 172 1 633 1 829 1 811

Australian Capital Territory -2 962 -2 987 -2 733 -2 504 -2 714

Total 479 10 854 26 603 41 643 44 503

General government sector net debt - percentage of gross state product

New South Wales 2.2 1.8 2.9 2.3 1.2

Victoria 2.7 3.8 4.7 5.9 6.1

Queensland -5.3 -3.4 -2.1 0.9 1.7

South Australia 0.9 2.5 3.7 4.7 6.5

Western Australia -0.6 0.1 0.8 2.0 2.6

Tasmania -3.2 -1.7 -1.7 -0.9 -0.8

Northern Territory 4.4 6.7 8.6 9.2 8.3

Australian Capital Territory -10.0 -9.4 -8.1 -7.1 -7.6

Total (b) 0.0 0.8 1.8 2.7 2.8

(a) Selected liabilities minus selected assets of the general government sector. A positive sign therefore indicates that selected liabilities exceed selected assets; a negative sign indicates that selected assets exceed selected liabilities. (b) Total or aggregate net debt for all jurisdictions is expressed as a percentage of gross state product at current prices. Note: The 2014-15 Government Finance Statistics will be published in May 2016.

Sources: ABS, Government Finance Statistics, 2013-14, cat. no. 5512.0; ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, 2013-14, cat, no. 5220.0

-10 -8

-6 -4

-2 0

2 4

6 8

10

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT ALL STATES

TOTAL

Percentage of gross state product, 2013-14

State Statistical Bulletin 2015 23

6.2 State government fiscal balance

2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14

General government sector fiscal balance (a) - $ million

New South Wales -2 604 -2 911 -2 010 -3 588 -1 227

Victoria -2 437 -2 248 -2 091 -2 704 1 104

Queensland -6 571 -7 115 -5 557 -7 736 -2 592

South Australia -1 089 -1 403 -1 102 -1 001 -1 719

Western Australia -1 062 - 276 -1 581 -1 853 -1 127

Tasmania - 296 - 444 - 263 - 150 - 159

Northern Territory - 41 - 549 - 508 - 313 - 98

Australian Capital Territory - 202 - 311 - 336 - 755 - 574

Total (b) -14 304 -15 257 -13 448 -18 098 -6 392

General government sector fiscal balance - percentage of gross state product

New South Wales -0.6 -0.7 -0.4 -0.8 -0.2

Victoria -0.8 -0.7 -0.6 -0.8 0.3

Queensland -2.6 -2.7 -1.9 -2.7 -0.9

South Australia -1.3 -1.6 -1.2 -1.1 -1.8

Western Australia -0.6 -0.1 -0.7 -0.8 -0.4

Tasmania -1.3 -1.8 -1.1 -0.6 -0.6

Northern Territory -0.3 -3.1 -2.7 -1.6 -0.4

Australian Capital Territory -0.7 -1.0 -1.0 -2.1 -1.6

Total (c) -1.1 -1.1 -0.9 -1.2 -0.4

(a) The financing requirement of government. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position. (b) The sum of all state and territory jurisdictions may not agree with the total, due to transfers between jurisdictions. (c) Total or aggregate fiscal balance for all jurisdictions is expressed as a percentage of gross state product. Note: The 2014-15 Government Finance Statistics will be published in May 2016. Sources: ABS, Government Finance Statistics, 2013-14, cat. no. 5512.0

-2

-1

0

1

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT Total

States

Percentage of gross state product, 2013-14

State Statistical Bulletin 2015 24

6.3 State government taxation revenue

2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14

General government sector taxation revenue - $ million

New South Wales 19 280 20 549 20 731 22 054 24 362

Victoria 13 771 14 903 15 136 15 629 16 992

Queensland 9 385 9 987 10 616 10 960 11 846

South Australia 3 660 3 843 3 869 4 112 4 107

Western Australia 6 254 6 610 7 125 8 170 8 594

Tasmania 873 860 888 925 957

Northern Territory 415 397 403 491 566

Australian Capital Territory 1 128 1 244 1 183 1 237 1 296

Total (a) 54 764 58 395 59 950 63 577 68 720

General government sector taxation revenue per capita - $

New South Wales 2 699 2 847 2 837 2 977 3 241

Victoria 2 522 2 691 2 687 2 726 2 910

Queensland 2 131 2 231 2 324 2 356 2 509

South Australia 2 249 2 344 2 336 2 462 2 437

Western Australia 2 730 2 809 2 922 3 248 3 350

Tasmania 1 716 1 681 1 734 1 803 1 859

Northern Territory 1 806 1 716 1 708 2 024 2 314

Australian Capital Territory 3 118 3 381 3 153 3 247 3 362

Total (b) 2 486 2 614 2 638 2 750 2 927

(a) Total is the sum of taxation revenue of all states, not taxation revenue for Australia.

(b) Total is the quotient of total taxation revenue (a) and the population of Australia. This is not equivalent to the taxation revenue per capita for Australia. Note: The 2014-15 Taxation Revenue publication will be released in May 2016 Source: ABS, Taxation Revenue, 2013-14, cat. no. 5506.0

0

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT TOTAL

Dollars per capita, 2013-14

State Statistical Bulletin 2015 25

Chapter 7: Exports 7.1 International merchandise exports

2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

Merchandise exports (a) - $ million

New South Wales 36 369 40 540 37 044 36 599 37 032

Victoria 19 648 21 597 21 710 23 964 23 609

Queensland 49 353 52 868 44 433 44 813 46 488

South Australia 11 193 11 410 10 711 12 354 11 322

Western Australia 112 171 120 534 115 588 130 426 110 775

Tasmania 3 186 3 170 3 026 2 753 2 542

Northern Territory 5 295 5 277 5 958 6 804 6 177

Australian Capital Territory 2 12 7 1 6

Australia (b) 245 725 264 018 246 978 272 922 254 552

Merchandise exports - percentage of gross state product

New South Wales 8.2 8.7 7.7 7.4 7.2

Victoria 6.2 6.6 6.5 6.9 6.5

Queensland 18.3 18.3 15.3 15.0 15.2

South Australia 12.5 12.5 11.3 12.7 11.5

Western Australia 51.3 49.7 47.2 48.8 44.6

Tasmania 13.1 13.0 12.3 11.0 9.9

Northern Territory 31.5 29.4 31.2 33.5 26.7

Australian Capital Territory 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Australia (b) 17.4 17.7 16.2 17.2 15.8

(a) State in which the final stage of manufacture or production occurs. FOB value

(b) Includes re-exports and state figures not available for publication. Australian total, therefore, may not equal sum of states and territories. Note: This table is based on national accounts data and is only updated for the financial year publication

Sources: ABS, International Trade in Goods and Services, Jan 2016, cat. no. 5368.0; ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, 2014-15, cat. no. 5220.0

0

10

20

30

40

50

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Percentage of gross state product, 2014-15

State Statistical Bulletin 2015 26

Chapter 8: Social Statistics 8.1 Population

2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

Population (a) - '000

New South Wales 7 218.5 7 307.2 7 407.1 7 514.0 7 618.2

Victoria 5 537.8 5 632.5 5 733.5 5 838.7 5 938.1

Queensland 4 476.8 4 568.2 4 651.4 4 720.5 4 779.4

South Australia 1 639.6 1 656.0 1 670.3 1 685.5 1 698.6

Western Australia 2 353.4 2 438.0 2 515.4 2 558.4 2 591.6

Tasmania 511.5 512.1 513.1 514.8 516.6

Northern Territory 231.3 235.9 242.6 243.7 244.6

Australian Capital Territory 368.0 375.2 380.9 385.4 390.8

Australia 22 340.0 22 728.3 23 117.4 23 464.1 23 781.2

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.4

Victoria 1.4 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.7

Queensland 1.6 2.0 1.8 1.5 1.2

South Australia 0.8 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.8

Western Australia 2.7 3.6 3.2 1.7 1.3

Tasmania 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4

Northern Territory 0.7 2.0 2.8 0.5 0.4

Australian Capital Territory 1.7 2.0 1.5 1.2 1.4

Australia 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.5 1.4

(a) Estimated resident population numbers are as at June of each year. Note: 2015 full-year figures will be available in June 2016. Source: ABS, Australian Demographic Statistics, June 2015, cat. no. 3101.0

0

1

2

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Annual change - per cent, 2014-15

State Statistical Bulletin 2015 27

8.2 Apparent school retention rates

2010 2011 2012 2013 2014

Apparent retention rates from Year 10 to Year 12 (a)

New South Wales 74.5 76.7 75.5 75.8 77.5

Victoria 82.1 82.0 81.2 83.1 84.1

Queensland 81.0 81.8 82.2 84.0 85.9

South Australia 80.6 83.9 86.3 87.8 89.9

Western Australia 76.5 76.4 77.8 81.0 85.9

Tasmania 70.7 70.0 67.1 67.8 69.4

Northern Territory 61.4 62.9 62.1 62.9 68.1

Australian Capital Territory 91.8 90.0 89.3 90.4 92.4

Australia 78.5 79.5 79.3 80.7 82.5

Apparent retention rates from Year 7/8 to Year 12 (b)

New South Wales 72.5 74.6 75.0 76.7 78.1

Victoria 81.1 82.0 82.2 83.7 85.2

Queensland 82.5 83.0 83.7 85.2 87.1

South Australia 81.9 86.3 88.8 90.6 93.0

Western Australia 78.3 78.4 79.5 82.2 89.3

Tasmania 71.0 69.8 67.6 68.7 68.4

Northern Territory 53.0 55.3 55.6 55.8 59.6

Australian Capital Territory 90.8 89.4 89.8 91.6 94.6

Australia 78.0 79.3 79.9 81.6 83.6

(a) The number of full-time school students in Year 12 expressed as a percentage of the corresponding group at the commencement of their Year 10 schooling.

(b) The number of full-time school students in Year 12 expressed as a percentage of the corresponding group at the commencement of their secondary schooling. Note: 2015 data will be available in March 2016. Source: ABS, Schools, 2014, cat. no. 4221.0

50

60

70

80

90

100

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Apparent retention rates from Year 7/8 to Year 12, 2014

State Statistical Bulletin 2015 28

8.3 General practice bulk billing

2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15

General practice bulk billing rate (a) - per cent

New South Wales 85.0 85.9 86.8 87.6 88.2

Victoria 79.1 80.5 82.0 83.1 84.0

Queensland 79.8 80.6 81.6 82.8 83.7

South Australia 78.9 80.5 81.3 82.3 83.3

Western Australia 72.3 72.4 72.9 75.3 77.8

Tasmania 74.7 74.8 76.1 77.0 77.3

Northern Territory 68.2 72.0 77.4 80.7 84.5

Australian Capital Territory 46.0 49.5 54.9 57.0 57.9

Australia 80.2 81.2 82.2 83.4 84.3

(a) Proportion of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse), enhanced primary care and other non-referred attendances that are bulk billed. Source: Department of Health and Ageing, Annual Medicare Statistics, Financial Year 2007-08 to 2014-15

40

50

60

70

80

90

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUS

Bulk billing rate , 2014-15

State Statistical Bulletin 2015 29

Glossary Apparent school retention rate. The number of full-time school students in a designated level/year of education expressed as a percentage of their respective cohort group (which is either at the commencement of their secondary schooling or Year 10). For a discussion of ‘apparent’ retention rates compared to actual retention rates, see the ABS source publication, Schools, Australia, 2014 (cat. no. 4221.0) explanatory notes.

Average weekly earnings. Average gross (before tax) earnings of employees.

Average weekly ordinary time earnings. Weekly earnings attributed to award, standard or agreed hours of work.

Business investment. Private gross fixed capital formation for machinery and equipment; non-dwelling construction; livestock; and intangible fixed assets.

Consumer price index. A measure of change in the price of a basket of goods and services from a base period. Changes in the consumer price index are the most commonly used measures of inflation.

Employed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, worked for one hour or more for pay or worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a family farm.

General government sector. Government departments and other entities that provide largely non-market public services and are funded mainly through taxes and other compulsory levies.

General government sector net debt. Selected liabilities (deposits held plus proceeds from advances plus borrowing) minus selected assets (cash and deposits plus investments plus advances outstanding) of the general government sector.

General government sector fiscal balance. The financing requirement of the general government sector. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position.

General practice bulk billing rate. The percentage of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse) that are bulk billed.

Gross domestic product. The total market value of goods and services produced within Australia, after deducting the cost of goods and services used up in the process of production but before deducting for depreciation.

Gross state product. Equivalent to gross domestic product except it refers to production within a state or territory rather than to the nation as a whole.

Gross state product—chain volume measures. Also known as real gross state product, this is a measure used to indicate change in the actual quantity of goods and services produced within a state or territory.

Gross state product per capita. The ratio of the chain volume measure of gross state product to an estimate of the resident population in the state or territory.

Job vacancy. A job available for immediate filling and for which recruitment action has been taken.

Job vacancy rate. The number of job vacancies expressed as a percentage of the number of employee jobs plus the number of job vacancies.

Labour force. The employed plus the unemployed.

Labour force participation rate. The number of persons in the labour force expressed as a percentage of the civilian population aged 15 years and over.

Labour productivity. Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked, all sectors (that is, market and non-market sectors).

Male total average weekly earnings. Weekly ordinary time earnings plus weekly overtime earnings of all male employees. This measure of earnings is used in the process of benchmarking pensions.

Real average weekly earnings. Average weekly earnings adjusted for inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index.

State Statistical Bulletin 2015 30

Turnover. Includes retail sales; wholesale sales; takings from repairs, meals and hiring of goods; commissions from agency activity; and net takings from gaming machines. Turnover includes the Goods and Services Tax.

Unemployed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, were not employed but had actively looked for work in the previous four weeks and were available to start work.

Unemployment rate. The number of unemployed persons expressed as a percentage of the labour force.

Wage price index. A measure of change in the price of labour (that is, wages, salaries and overtime) unaffected by changes in the quality or quantity of work performed.

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