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State Statistical Bulletin 2016



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ISSN 2203-5249

RESEARCH PAPER SERIES, 2017-18 6 JULY 2017

State Statistical Bulletin 2016 Gregory O'Brien

Statistics and Mapping Section

Executive summary • This paper, a companion to the Monthly Statistical Bulletin published by the Parliamentary Library, provides tables and charts for a broad range of social, demographic and economic indicators across all Australian states and territories, and compares these with Australian averages.

• Each table presents data for the past five calendar years to 2016, while each chart plots data for the calendar year 2016.

• The State Statistical Bulletin is published twice per year covering data for both the previous financial year and calendar year.

State Statistical Bulletin 2016 2

Contents Executive summary ..................................................................................... 1

Introduction ................................................................................................ 3

Chapter 1: Labour Market ............................................................................ 4

1.1 Employment ................................................................................................. 4

1.2 Unemployment ............................................................................................. 5

1.3 Labour force ................................................................................................. 6

Chapter 2: Wages and Prices ........................................................................ 7

2.1 Average weekly ordinary time earnings ....................................................... 7

2.2 Real average weekly ordinary time earnings................................................ 8

2.3 Male total average weekly earnings ............................................................. 9

2.4 Female total average weekly earnings ....................................................... 10

2.5 Wage price index ........................................................................................ 11

2.6 Consumer price index ................................................................................. 12

Chapter 3: State Accounts ........................................................................... 13

3.1 Real gross state product ............................................................................. 13

3.2 Real gross state product per capita ............................................................ 14

3.3 Labour productivity .................................................................................... 15

Chapter 4: Business Conditions ................................................................... 16

4.1 Value of retail sales..................................................................................... 16

4.2 Passenger vehicle sales ............................................................................... 17

4.3 Dwelling approvals ..................................................................................... 18

4.4 Business investment ................................................................................... 19

Chapter 5: Housing ..................................................................................... 20

5.1 Lending for owner occupied housing ......................................................... 20

5.2 Home loan size ........................................................................................... 21

Chapter 6: Public Sector Finances ................................................................ 22

6.1 State government net debt ........................................................................ 22

6.2 State government fiscal balance ................................................................ 23

6.3 State government taxation revenue........................................................... 24

Chapter 7: Exports ...................................................................................... 25

7.1 International merchandise exports ............................................................ 25

Chapter 8: Social Statistics .......................................................................... 26

8.1 Population .................................................................................................. 26

8.2 Apparent school retention rates ................................................................ 27

8.3 General practice bulk billing ....................................................................... 28

State Statistical Bulletin 2016 3

Introduction The purpose of this paper is to present a range of economic and other statistical indicators for the states and territories of Australia. To facilitate comparisons, indicators are presented in relative terms such as growth rates, percentages, or proportions of gross state product, so comparisons can be made using equivalent measures.

This publication is a companion to the Monthly Statistical Bulletin which contains Australia-wide data only, but on a more frequent basis.

A glossary of social, demographic and economic terms used in the tables is provided at the end of this publication.

Data Sources Data sources are listed at the bottom of the page for each indicator. All data is from an original ABS series unless otherwise indicated as a trend or seasonally adjusted series.

Historical Data

Long-term data series for every table in this paper and for the Parliamentary Library’s companion publication, the Monthly Statistical Bulletin, are available electronically and can be found on the Parliamentary Library’s Monthly Statistical Bulletin and State Statistical Bulletin pages.

Note: These links can only be accessed by Senators, Members and parliamentary staff.

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Chapter 1: Labour Market 1.1 Employment

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Number employed (a) - '000

New South Wales 3 543.5 3 595.0 3 617.6 3 713.6 3 803.8

Victoria 2 832.0 2 854.6 2 876.1 2 955.6 3 043.5

Queensland 2 284.6 2 300.4 2 322.3 2 342.8 2 354.6

South Australia 807.5 805.1 801.3 804.3 811.6

Western Australia 1 309.3 1 325.0 1 336.7 1 351.6 1 340.8

Tasmania 234.4 231.5 237.5 240.2 237.7

Northern Territory 125.6 128.8 130.9 133.7 134.1

Australian Capital Territory 210.5 210.3 209.8 209.8 213.7

Australia 11 347.4 11 450.8 11 532.1 11 751.7 11 939.8

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 0.9 1.5 0.6 2.7 2.4

Victoria 0.7 0.8 0.8 2.8 3.0

Queensland 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.5

South Australia -0.1 -0.3 -0.5 0.4 0.9

Western Australia 5.3 1.2 0.9 1.1 -0.8

Tasmania -1.8 -1.2 2.6 1.1 -1.1

Northern Territory 3.5 2.6 1.6 2.2 0.3

Australian Capital Territory 1.7 -0.1 -0.2 0.0 1.9

Australia 1.2 0.9 0.7 1.9 1.6

(a) Total full-time and part-time employed; Annual average of monthly data. Source: ABS, Labour Force, Cat. no. 6291.0.55.001, May 2017

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1.2 Unemployment

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Number unemployed (a) - '000

New South Wales 188.5 212.5 220.3 227.2 205.9

Victoria 164.6 178.1 203.0 191.7 187.9

Queensland 139.7 142.3 158.9 157.2 154.2

South Australia 46.8 54.2 57.5 64.1 59.3

Western Australia 54.3 63.9 72.8 84.7 86.9

Tasmania 17.5 19.3 18.6 17.0 16.6

Northern Territory 5.5 6.9 5.5 6.0 5.4

Australian Capital Territory 8.3 9.1 9.2 10.3 8.5

Australia 625.1 686.5 745.7 758.3 724.8

Unemployment rate (b) - per cent

New South Wales 5.1 5.7 6.1 5.3 5.1

Victoria 5.6 6.2 6.5 6.0 5.9

Queensland 6.0 6.0 6.7 6.0 6.2

South Australia 5.8 6.7 6.8 7.1 6.6

Western Australia 4.3 4.7 5.5 6.1 6.5

Tasmania 7.1 7.7 6.7 6.6 6.1

Northern Territory 4.3 4.2 3.8 4.3 3.6

Australian Capital Territory 4.4 3.7 4.7 4.8 3.7

Australia 5.4 5.8 6.2 5.8 5.7

(a) Annual average of monthly data.

(b) Number unemployed as a proportion of the labour force, trend terms, as at December Source: ABS, Labour Force, Cat. no. 6202.0

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1.3 Labour force

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Labour force (a) - '000

New South Wales 3 732.0 3 807.5 3 837.8 3 940.9 4 009.7

Victoria 2 996.5 3 032.7 3 079.1 3 147.4 3 231.5

Queensland 2 424.3 2 442.8 2 481.2 2 500.1 2 508.8

South Australia 854.3 859.3 858.8 868.4 870.9

Western Australia 1 363.6 1 389.0 1 409.5 1 436.3 1 427.7

Tasmania 251.9 250.8 256.1 257.2 254.3

Northern Territory 131.1 135.8 136.3 139.8 139.5

Australian Capital Territory 218.8 219.5 219.0 220.1 222.2

Australia 11 972.5 12 137.2 12 277.8 12 510.0 12 664.6

Participation rate (b) - per cent

New South Wales 63.4 63.0 63.0 64.3 63.3

Victoria 64.8 64.5 64.9 64.7 65.7

Queensland 66.2 65.7 65.3 65.8 64.1

South Australia 63.0 62.0 61.6 62.0 62.1

Western Australia 69.4 68.1 68.7 68.4 67.4

Tasmania 60.4 59.7 61.3 60.5 59.8

Northern Territory 74.1 75.4 73.5 74.1 76.8

Australian Capital Territory 72.7 71.2 70.3 70.5 70.3

Australia 65.1 64.6 64.6 65.1 64.6

(a) Annual average of monthly data.

(b) Labour force as a proportion of the civilian population aged 15 years and over, trend series, as at December Source: ABS, Labour Force, cat. no. 6202.0

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Chapter 2: Wages and Prices 2.1 Average weekly ordinary time earnings (AWOTE)

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

AWOTE (a) (b) - $ per week

New South Wales 1 377.1 1 414.5 1 475.7 1 519.7 1 538.4

Victoria 1 314.3 1 363.8 1 388.4 1 410.7 1 477.3

Queensland 1 346.3 1 422.8 1 447.9 1 443.8 1 471.2

South Australia 1 253.1 1 300.6 1 352.8 1 362.1 1 430.5

Western Australia 1 553.7 1 632.4 1 657.2 1 700.0 1 700.9

Tasmania 1 211.8 1 267.3 1 256.8 1 303.9 1 339.9

Northern Territory 1 413.0 1 449.1 1 435.6 1 533.3 1 604.1

Australian Capital Territory 1 619.6 1 687.0 1 682.8 1 711.3 1 736.2

Australia 1 372.6 1 429.0 1 465.6 1 491.8 1 524.7

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 4.1 2.7 4.3 3.0 1.2

Victoria 3.2 3.8 1.8 1.6 4.7

Queensland 4.6 5.7 1.8 -0.3 1.9

South Australia 4.2 3.8 4.0 0.7 5.0

Western Australia 3.6 5.1 1.5 2.6 0.1

Tasmania 4.2 4.6 -0.8 3.7 2.8

Northern Territory 5.9 2.6 -0.9 6.8 4.6

Australian Capital Territory 6.4 4.2 -0.2 1.7 1.5

Australia 4.2 4.1 2.6 1.8 2.2

(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.

(b) Average weekly ordinary time earnings for full-time adult employees.

Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Cat. no.6302.0 Care should be taken when comparing average weekly earnings of states over time due to compositional changes

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2.2 Real average weekly ordinary time earnings

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Real AWOTE (a) (b) - $ per week

New South Wales 1 494.0 1 496.9 1 525.3 1 541.5 1 538.4

Victoria 1 429.5 1 447.8 1 439.8 1 443.2 1 489.2

Queensland 1 464.2 1 513.8 1 499.4 1 472.6 1 477.6

South Australia 1 362.9 1 385.0 1 405.9 1 399.7 1 456.0

Western Australia 1 689.5 1 730.1 1 709.3 1 730.7 1 722.9

Tasmania 1 324.8 1 360.5 1 321.2 1 356.0 1 375.6

Northern Territory 1 534.2 1 514.6 1 458.8 1 550.9 1 625.2

Australian Capital Territory 1 764.6 1 800.5 1 760.5 1 778.9 1 782.9

Australia 1 492.2 1 516.3 1 517.4 1 521.6 1 535.5

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 2.1 0.2 1.9 1.1 -0.2

Victoria 1.5 1.3 -0.6 0.2 3.2

Queensland 3.0 3.4 -1.0 -1.8 0.3

South Australia 2.4 1.6 1.5 -0.4 4.0

Western Australia 1.8 2.4 -1.2 1.3 -0.5

Tasmania 3.0 2.7 -2.9 2.6 1.4

Northern Territory 3.9 -1.3 -3.7 6.3 4.8

Australian Capital Territory 4.9 2.0 -2.2 1.0 0.2

Australia 2.4 1.6 0.1 0.3 0.9

(a) Annual average.

(b) Average weekly ordinary time earnings for full-time adult employees expressed in average 2016 dollars; converted to real terms using the Consumer Price Index. Sources: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, cat. no. 6302.0; ABS, Consumer Price Index, cat. no. 6401.0 Care should be taken when comparing average weekly earnings of states over time due to compositional changes

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2.3 Male total average weekly earnings

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

MTAWE (a) (b) - $ per week

New South Wales 1 285.0 1 313.6 1 348.0 1 388.8 1 421.9

Victoria 1 222.1 1 281.3 1 277.1 1 278.1 1 314.2

Queensland 1 299.6 1 354.8 1 352.9 1 323.7 1 354.8

South Australia 1 177.8 1 227.7 1 280.4 1 241.0 1 267.9

Western Australia 1 585.0 1 641.4 1 662.0 1 657.8 1 636.5

Tasmania 1 081.4 1 115.3 1 132.1 1 163.2 1 163.3

Northern Territory 1 439.1 1 450.7 1 436.4 1 508.5 1 650.2

Australian Capital Territory 1 561.6 1 545.9 1 511.5 1 530.4 1 513.4

Australia 1 304.7 1 352.3 1 368.1 1 372.2 1 396.5

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 6.2 2.2 2.6 3.0 2.4

Victoria 2.4 4.8 -0.3 0.1 2.8

Queensland 3.5 4.3 -0.1 -2.2 2.3

South Australia 5.1 4.2 4.3 -3.1 2.2

Western Australia 4.6 3.6 1.3 -0.3 -1.3

Tasmania 5.4 3.1 1.5 2.8 0.0

Northern Territory 6.4 0.8 -1.0 5.0 9.4

Australian Capital Territory 9.1 -1.0 -2.2 1.3 -1.1

Australia 4.7 3.6 1.2 0.3 1.8

(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.

(b) Total average weekly earnings for all male employees. Not adjusted for CPI. Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Cat. no. 6302.0

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2.4 Female total average weekly earnings

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

FTAWE (a) (b) - $ per week

New South Wales 852.2 899.8 905.0 940.1 970.7

Victoria 801.5 823.8 843.0 867.3 892.3

Queensland 812.1 814.5 854.9 897.5 894.0

South Australia 757.4 793.2 856.6 836.5 844.7

Western Australia 840.8 903.4 943.6 959.7 963.6

Tasmania 754.9 765.2 771.4 778.1 786.2

Northern Territory 986.0 1 008.5 1 006.6 1 048.5 1 097.9

Australian Capital Territory 1 188.4 1 171.1 1 160.5 1 206.1 1 217.5

Australia 831.0 861.3 884.6 911.3 929.1

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 3.0 5.6 0.6 3.9 3.3

Victoria 3.0 2.8 2.3 2.9 2.9

Queensland 2.2 0.3 5.0 5.0 -0.4

South Australia 4.9 4.7 8.0 -2.3 1.0

Western Australia 6.1 7.4 4.5 1.7 0.4

Tasmania 5.4 1.4 0.8 0.9 1.0

Northern Territory 4.7 2.3 -0.2 4.2 4.7

Australian Capital Territory 6.9 -1.5 -0.9 3.9 0.9

Australia 3.6 3.6 2.7 3.0 2.0

(a) Annual average of bi-annual data.

(b) Total average weekly earnings for all female employees. Not adjusted for CPI Source: ABS, Average Weekly Earnings, Cat. no. 6302.0

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2.5 Wage price index

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Wage price index (a) (b)

New South Wales 114.0 116.8 119.6 122.1 124.7

Victoria 113.9 116.7 120.0 122.9 125.2

Queensland 114.4 117.3 120.3 122.6 125.0

South Australia 113.2 117.2 120.2 123.0 125.7

Western Australia 116.0 119.5 122.3 124.5 126.2

Tasmania 114.2 116.7 119.6 122.2 125.1

Northern Territory 115.1 117.8 121.1 124.0 126.6

Australian Capital Territory 114.8 117.5 119.5 121.4 123.7

Australia 114.3 117.2 120.2 122.7 125.1

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 3.2 2.5 2.4 2.1 2.1

Victoria 3.5 2.5 2.8 2.4 1.9

Queensland 3.1 2.5 2.6 1.9 2.0

South Australia 3.1 3.5 2.6 2.3 2.2

Western Australia 4.3 3.0 2.3 1.8 1.4

Tasmania 3.3 2.2 2.5 2.2 2.4

Northern Territory 3.2 2.3 2.8 2.4 2.1

Australian Capital Territory 4.3 2.4 1.7 1.6 1.9

Australia 3.4 2.5 2.6 2.1 2.0

(a) Index value at December

(b) Total hourly rate of pay index excluding bonuses, all sectors. Base: 2008-09 = 100.0. Source: ABS, Wage Price Index, Cat. no. 6345.0

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State Statistical Bulletin 2016 12

2.6 Consumer price index

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Consumer price index (a)

Sydney 101.2 103.8 106.3 108.3 109.8

Melbourne 101.0 103.5 105.9 107.4 109.0

Brisbane 101.0 103.2 106.1 107.7 109.4

Adelaide 101.0 103.1 105.7 106.9 107.9

Perth 101.0 103.6 106.5 107.9 108.4

Hobart 100.5 102.3 104.5 105.6 107.0

Darwin 101.2 105.1 108.1 108.6 108.4

Canberra 100.8 102.9 105.0 105.7 107.0

Weighted average eight capital cities 101.0 103.5 106.1 107.7 109.1

Annual change - per cent (b)

Sydney 2.0 2.5 2.4 1.9 1.4

Melbourne 1.6 2.5 2.4 1.4 1.5

Brisbane 1.5 2.2 2.7 1.5 1.6

Adelaide 1.7 2.1 2.5 1.1 1.0

Perth 1.8 2.6 2.8 1.3 0.5

Hobart 1.2 1.8 2.1 1.1 1.3

Darwin 2.0 3.9 2.9 0.5 -0.2

Canberra 1.5 2.1 2.0 0.6 1.2

Weighted average eight capital cities 1.8 2.4 2.5 1.5 1.3

(a) Annual average of quarterly data; base year for CPI is 2011-12 (b) Change in the annual averages of table above. Source: ABS, Consumer Price Index, Cat. no. 6401.0

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State Statistical Bulletin 2016 13

Chapter 3: State Accounts 3.1 Real gross state product

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16

Gross state product, chain volume measures - $ million

New South Wales 479 485 488 691 500 306 513 529 531 323

Victoria 346 133 349 871 352 512 361 669 373 624

Queensland 288 233 295 096 304 874 308 448 314 569

South Australia 94 897 96 483 97 336 99 237 101 096

Western Australia 216 029 228 425 241 579 250 377 255 214

Tasmania 25 112 24 925 25 370 25 695 26 039

Northern Territory 19 001 21 999 22 591 23 032 23 648

Australian Capital Territory 33 398 34 278 34 567 35 029 36 225

Australia 1 500 084 1 538 634 1 578 784 1 617 016 1 661 739

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 1.8 1.9 2.4 2.6 3.5

Victoria 1.8 1.1 0.8 2.6 3.3

Queensland 6.0 2.4 3.3 1.2 2.0

South Australia 0.7 1.7 0.9 2.0 1.9

Western Australia 9.1 5.7 5.8 3.6 1.9

Tasmania 0.1 -0.7 1.8 1.3 1.3

Northern Territory 2.3 15.8 2.7 2.0 2.7

Australian Capital Territory 1.6 2.6 0.8 1.3 3.4

Australia 3.6 2.6 2.6 2.4 2.8

Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, Cat. no. 5220.0

Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis.

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3.2 Real gross state product per capita

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16

Gross state product per capita, chain volume measures (a) - $

New South Wales 66 030 66 427 67 069 67 886 69 266

Victoria 62 001 61 591 60 938 61 440 62 308

Queensland 63 788 64 028 65 073 64 949 65 416

South Australia 57 620 58 045 58 053 58 664 59 371

Western Australia 90 329 92 125 95 246 97 312 98 012

Tasmania 49 053 48 636 49 362 49 864 50 327

Northern Territory 81 654 91 932 93 027 94 709 96 906

Australian Capital Territory 89 995 90 700 90 179 90 341 92 173

Australia 66 620 67 138 67 810 68 486 69 421

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 0.7 0.6 1.0 1.2 2.0

Victoria 0.2 -0.7 -1.1 0.8 1.4

Queensland 4.1 0.4 1.6 -0.2 0.7

South Australia -0.2 0.7 0.0 1.1 1.2

Western Australia 5.8 2.0 3.4 2.2 0.7

Tasmania -0.2 -0.9 1.5 1.0 0.9

Northern Territory 1.3 12.6 1.2 1.8 2.3

Australian Capital Territory -0.1 0.8 -0.6 0.2 2.0

Australia 2.0 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.4

Source: ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, Cat. no. 5220.0

Note: Gross state product is only available for financial years

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3.3 Labour productivity

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16

Gross State Product per hour worked, $

New South Wales 350.5 354.3 353.3 364.8 357.2

Victoria 324.1 329.4 320.1 329.8 326.2

Queensland 316.4 328.7 325.7 335.0 335.2

South Australia 311.6 320.4 317.4 323.9 332.0

Western Australia 423.8 435.5 451.8 465.7 477.5

Tasmania 289.9 298.3 295.9 294.2 291.8

Northern Territory 364.4 413.0 401.5 415.0 414.0

Australian Capital Territory 422.4 435.5 437.9 445.3 449.5

Australia 343.8 350.7 349.1 359.8 357.0

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 2.6% 1.1% -0.3% 3.3% -2.1%

Victoria 3.8% 1.6% -2.8% 3.0% -1.1%

Queensland 4.8% 3.9% -0.9% 2.8% 0.1%

South Australia 2.5% 2.8% -0.9% 2.0% 2.5%

Western Australia 4.8% 2.8% 3.7% 3.1% 2.5%

Tasmania 3.0% 2.9% -0.8% -0.5% -0.8%

Northern Territory 1.7% 13.4% -2.8% 3.4% -0.3%

Australian Capital Territory 2.5% 3.1% 0.6% 1.7% 0.9%

Australia 4.4% 2.0% -0.5% 3.1% -0.8%

(a) Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked, all sectors (i.e. market and non-market sectors) Source: ABS, Australian national accounts: state accounts, Cat. no. 5220.0 ABS, Labour force, detailed, Cat. no. 6291.0.55.001 Note: Gross state product is only published on a financial year basis

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Chapter 4: Business Conditions 4.1 Value of retail sales

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Value - $ million

New South Wales 78 656 81 772 88 813 93 698 97 953

Victoria 64 221 65 574 69 613 73 320 76 508

Queensland 53 544 55 900 57 682 59 585 61 284

South Australia 17 415 17 559 18 187 19 017 19 813

Western Australia 31 223 32 205 32 797 33 687 34 052

Tasmania 5 111 5 187 5 550 5 760 6 042

Northern Territory 2 877 2 953 3 080 3 092 3 124

Australian Capital Territory 4 766 4 950 5 002 5 233 5 589

Australia 257 813 266 100 280 724 293 391 304 365

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 2.7 4.0 8.6 5.5 4.5

Victoria 1.3 2.1 6.2 5.3 4.3

Queensland 5.0 4.4 3.2 3.3 2.9

South Australia 0.7 0.8 3.6 4.6 4.2

Western Australia 9.6 3.1 1.8 2.7 1.1

Tasmania -1.2 1.5 7.0 3.8 4.9

Northern Territory 4.2 2.7 4.3 0.4 1.0

Australian Capital Territory 4.1 3.9 1.0 4.6 6.8

Australia 3.4 3.2 5.5 4.5 3.7

Source: ABS, Retail Trade Australia, Cat. no. 8501.0

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4.2 Passenger vehicle sales

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Number (a)

New South Wales 185 080 181 248 176 060 176 714 171 326

Victoria 163 856 163 282 152 200 146 173 139 667

Queensland 107 664 105 113 98 380 98 821 89 282

South Australia 36 296 35 843 34 173 31 078 29 406

Western Australia 60 206 57 080 49 800 42 602 36 998

Tasmania 8 625 9 325 7 601 7 662 6 958

Northern Territory 4 320 4 226 3 917 3 585 3 430

Australian Capital Territory 10 808 10 337 9 471 9 048 9 190

Australia 576 855 566 454 531 602 515 683 486 257

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 1.4 -2.1 -2.9 0.4 -3.0

Victoria 3.7 -0.4 -6.8 -4.0 -4.5

Queensland 2.4 -2.4 -6.4 0.4 -9.7

South Australia 0.4 -1.2 -4.7 -9.1 -5.4

Western Australia 10.6 -5.2 -12.8 -14.5 -13.2

Tasmania -0.7 8.1 -18.5 0.8 -9.2

Northern Territory 3.0 -2.2 -7.3 -8.5 -4.3

Australian Capital Territory 5.0 -4.4 -8.4 -4.5 1.6

Australia 3.1 -1.8 -6.2 -3.0 -5.7

(a) Includes vehicles designed primarily for the carriage of people, such as cars, station wagons and people movers. Also includes four wheel drive passenger vehicles not classified as sports utility vehicles.

Source: ABS, Sales of New Motor Vehicles, Cat. no. 9314.0

-15

-12

-9

-6

-3

0

3

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Annual change - per cent, 2016

State Statistical Bulletin 2016 18

4.3 Dwelling approvals

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Number (a)

New South Wales 38 828 49 175 55 584 71 493 74 093

Victoria 52 121 49 833 60 895 68 669 68 284

Queensland 28 938 35 932 40 173 50 626 47 577

South Australia 8 375 10 652 11 778 11 365 12 093

Western Australia 21 690 28 690 33 088 28 660 21 865

Tasmania 2 010 1 898 2 551 2 781 2 148

Northern Territory 1 920 2 294 2 000 1 666 1 278

Australian Capital Territory 3 794 4 801 3 938 4 222 6 183

Australia 157 676 183 275 210 007 239 482 233 521

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 12.8 26.6 13.0 28.6 3.6

Victoria -0.3 -4.4 22.2 12.8 -0.6

Queensland 4.6 24.2 11.8 26.0 -6.0

South Australia -16.7 27.2 10.6 -3.5 6.4

Western Australia 8.9 32.3 15.3 -13.4 -23.7

Tasmania -21.4 -5.6 34.4 9.0 -22.8

Northern Territory 45.2 19.5 -12.8 -16.7 -23.3

Australian Capital Territory -31.1 26.5 -18.0 7.2 46.4

Australia 2.6 16.2 14.6 14.0 -2.5

(a) Houses and other dwellings (e.g. flats) intended for long-term residential use; includes both private and public sector dwellings. Source: ABS, Building Approvals, Cat. no. 8731.0

-30

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-10

0

10

20

30

40

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NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Annual change - per cent, 2016

State Statistical Bulletin 2016 19

4.4 Business investment

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16

Chain volume measures (a) - $ million

New South Wales 55 332 58 714 54 131 55 495 56 363

Victoria 41 310 37 145 40 471 43 382 44 038

Queensland 66 784 70 323 69 199 54 227 41 555

South Australia 12 624 12 551 12 389 12 864 11 668

Western Australia 74 292 78 635 70 758 62 737 52 140

Tasmania 3 038 2 494 2 423 2 594 2 474

Northern Territory 5 181 10 374 11 447 12 207 8 007

Australian Capital Territory 2 703 2 762 2 266 2 339 2 369

Australia 261 411 272 897 263 013 245 845 218 615

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 5.5 6.1 -7.8 2.5 1.6

Victoria 0.7 -10.1 9.0 7.2 1.5

Queensland 41.1 5.3 -1.6 -21.6 -23.4

South Australia 11.4 -0.6 -1.3 3.8 -9.3

Western Australia 43.7 5.8 -10.0 -11.3 -16.9

Tasmania 12.0 -17.9 -2.8 7.1 -4.6

Northern Territory 85.6 100.2 10.3 6.6 -34.4

Australian Capital Territory 12.1 2.2 -18.0 3.2 1.3

Australia 23.1 4.4 -3.6 -6.5 -11.1

(a) Private business gross fixed capital formation for other buildings and structures, machinery and equipment, livestock and intangible fixed assets. Source: Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, Cat. no. 5220.0 Note: National account data is only available for financial years

-40

-35

-30

-25

-20

-15

-10

-5

0

5

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Annual change - per cent, 2015-16

State Statistical Bulletin 2016 20

Chapter 5: Housing 5.1 Lending for owner occupied housing

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Value (a) - $ million

New South Wales 51 919 57 956 64 369 83 386 86 782

Victoria 44 277 47 574 51 059 61 482 66 549

Queensland 29 340 32 210 35 797 38 510 41 137

South Australia 8 829 10 239 11 046 11 979 13 014

Western Australia 22 991 27 400 28 829 27 424 24 806

Tasmania 1 927 2 128 2 392 2 463 2 738

Northern Territory 1 373 1 455 1 658 1 389 1 184

Australian Capital Territory 2 890 3 404 3 643 4 227 4 532

Australia 163 545 182 365 198 794 230 861 240 742

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales -2.9 11.6 11.1 29.5 4.1

Victoria 1.4 7.4 7.3 20.4 8.2

Queensland 8.7 9.8 11.1 7.6 6.8

South Australia -2.0 16.0 7.9 8.4 8.6

Western Australia 19.1 19.2 5.2 -4.9 -9.5

Tasmania -5.7 10.4 12.4 3.0 11.2

Northern Territory 22.4 6.0 14.0 -16.2 -14.8

Australian Capital Territory 2.4 17.8 7.0 16.0 7.2

Australia 3.2 11.5 9.0 16.1 4.3

(a) Lending commitments by all types of lenders for the construction and purchase of new or established owner occupied dwellings. Source: ABS, Housing Finance, Cat. no. 5609.0

-20

-15

-10

-5

0

5

10

15

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Annual change - per cent, 2016

State Statistical Bulletin 2016 21

5.2 Home loan size

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Average size of new owner-occupied home loan (a) - $'000

New South Wales 329.7 338.7 363.3 414.1 428.3

Victoria 298.4 301.7 327.4 359.2 369.5

Queensland 283.4 280.3 294.0 307.9 316.5

South Australia 244.4 246.7 258.0 271.8 279.0

Western Australia 286.0 302.4 329.8 336.1 332.6

Tasmania 217.4 212.4 217.1 219.4 232.6

Northern Territory 320.4 328.1 342.2 325.2 316.4

Australian Capital Territory 334.6 325.7 325.3 347.5 362.3

Australia 298.6 303.6 324.7 354.9 363.7

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales -2.4 2.7 7.3 14.0 3.4

Victoria -2.0 1.1 8.5 9.7 2.9

Queensland -1.3 -1.1 4.9 4.7 2.8

South Australia -2.1 0.9 4.6 5.4 2.6

Western Australia 1.9 5.7 9.1 1.9 -1.1

Tasmania 0.3 -2.3 2.2 1.0 6.0

Northern Territory 5.3 2.4 4.3 -5.0 -2.7

Australian Capital Territory 0.7 -2.6 -0.1 6.8 4.3

Australia -1.5 1.7 7.0 9.3 2.5

(a) Includes refinancing, but excludes alterations and additions and refinancing. Comprises construction of new dwellings and purchase of new and established dwellings Source: ABS, Housing Finance, Cat. no. 5609.0

100

200

300

400

500

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Average home loan size, 2016 - $'000s

State Statistical Bulletin 2016 22

Chapter 6: Public Sector Finances 6.1 State government net debt

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16

General government sector net debt (a) - $ million

New South Wales 13 238 10 898 5 899 5 453 195

Victoria 15 287 19 927 21 262 22 327 22 306

Queensland -5 865 2 513 5 184 5 752 634

South Australia 3 401 4 459 6 296 3 108 3 486

Western Australia 2 050 4 742 6 973 9 306 13 717

Tasmania - 409 - 220 - 208 - 537 - 746

Northern Territory 1 633 1 829 1 811 1 133 768

Australian Capital Territory -2 733 -2 504 -2 714 -2 427 -1 789

Total 26 603 41 643 44 503 44 115 38 572

General government sector net debt - percentage of gross state product

New South Wales 2.8 2.3 1.2 1.1 0.0

Victoria 4.7 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.0

Queensland -2.0 0.9 1.7 1.9 0.2

South Australia 3.7 4.7 6.5 3.1 3.5

Western Australia 0.8 1.9 2.6 3.7 5.7

Tasmania -1.7 -0.9 -0.8 -2.1 -2.9

Northern Territory 9.0 8.8 8.2 4.9 3.3

Australian Capital Territory -8.4 -7.3 -7.9 -6.9 -4.9

Total (b) 1.8 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.3

(a) Selected liabilities minus selected assets of the general government sector. A positive sign therefore indicates that selected liabilities exceed selected assets; a negative sign indicates that selected assets exceed selected liabilities. (b) Total or aggregate net debt for all jurisdictions is expressed as a percentage of gross state product at current prices.

Sources: ABS, Government Finance Statistics, Cat. no. 5512.0, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, Cat, no. 5220.0

-6

-4

-2

0

2

4

6

8

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT ALL STATES

TOTAL

Percentage of gross state product, 2015-16

State Statistical Bulletin 2016 23

6.2 State government fiscal balance

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16

General government sector fiscal balance (a) - $ million

New South Wales -2 099 -3 571 -1 346 612 339

Victoria -2 091 -2 704 1 105 - 398 84

Queensland -5 557 -7 736 -2 587 - 530 - 201

South Australia -1 102 -1 001 -1 707 - 124 97

Western Australia -1 581 -1 853 -1 127 -1 809 -3 152

Tasmania - 263 - 150 - 159 - 55 - 18

Northern Territory - 458 - 367 - 101 - 122 - 25

Australian Capital Territory - 336 - 755 - 575 - 912 - 628

Total (b) -13 490 -18 133 -6 494 -3 335 -3 516

General government sector fiscal balance - percentage of gross state product

New South Wales -0.5 -0.7 -0.3 0.1 0.1

Victoria -0.6 -0.8 0.3 -0.1 0.0

Queensland -1.9 -2.7 -0.9 -0.2 -0.1

South Australia -1.2 -1.1 -1.8 -0.1 0.1

Western Australia -0.7 -0.8 -0.4 -0.7 -1.3

Tasmania -1.1 -0.6 -0.6 -0.2 -0.1

Northern Territory -2.5 -1.8 -0.5 -0.5 -0.1

Australian Capital Territory -1.0 -2.2 -1.7 -2.6 -1.7

Total (c) -0.9 -1.2 -0.4 -0.2 -0.2

(a) The financing requirement of government. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position. (b) The sum of all state and territory jurisdictions may not agree with the total, due to transfers between jurisdictions. (c) Total or aggregate fiscal balance for all jurisdictions is expressed as a percentage of gross state product. Sources: ABS, Government Finance Statistics, Cat. no. 5512.0

-2

-1

0

1

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT Total States

Percentage of gross state product, 2015-16

State Statistical Bulletin 2016 24

6.3 State government taxation revenue

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16

General government sector taxation revenue - $ million

New South Wales 20 757 22 166 24 105 26 461 29 811

Victoria 15 136 15 629 16 995 18 436 20 027

Queensland 10 616 10 960 11 846 12 575 12 547

South Australia 3 869 4 112 4 107 4 393 4 426

Western Australia 7 125 8 170 8 594 8 772 8 997

Tasmania 888 925 957 1 012 1 068

Northern Territory 403 491 566 715 608

Australian Capital Territory 1 183 1 237 1 296 1 377 1 568

Total (a) 59 976 63 689 68 465 73 739 79 053

General government sector taxation revenue per capita - $

New South Wales 3 037 3 192 3 417 3 704 4 130

Victoria 2 937 2 973 3 164 3 376 3 616

Queensland 2 582 2 597 2 737 2 855 2 803

South Australia 2 463 2 588 2 553 2 700 2 699

Western Australia 3 383 3 762 3 836 3 829 3 823

Tasmania 1 800 1 855 1 897 1 989 2 088

Northern Territory 1 885 2 233 2 504 3 112 2 629

Australian Capital Territory 3 453 3 551 3 653 3 806 4 261

Total (b) 2 880 2 997 3 156 3 347 3 539

(a) Total is the sum of taxation revenue of all states, not taxation revenue for Australia.

(b) Total is the quotient of total taxation revenue (a) and the population of Australia. This is not equivalent to the taxation revenue per capita for Australia. Source: ABS, Taxation Revenue, Cat. no. 5506.0

0

500

1000

1500

2000

2500

3000

3500

4000

4500

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT TOTAL

Dollars per capita, 2015-16

State Statistical Bulletin 2016 25

Chapter 7: Exports 7.1 International merchandise exports

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16

Merchandise exports (a) - $ million

New South Wales 40 540 37 044 36 599 37 032 36 193

Victoria 21 597 21 710 23 964 23 609 23 323

Queensland 52 868 44 433 44 813 46 488 47 867

South Australia 11 410 10 711 12 354 11 322 11 567

Western Australia 120 534 115 588 130 426 110 775 99 635

Tasmania 3 170 3 026 2 753 2 542 2 848

Northern Territory 5 277 5 958 6 804 6 177 4 701

Australian Capital Territory 12 7 1 6 14

Australia (b) 264 018 246 978 272 922 254 552 243 423

Merchandise exports - percentage of gross state product

New South Wales 8.7 7.7 7.4 7.2 6.7

Victoria 6.6 6.4 6.9 6.5 6.2

Queensland 18.2 15.2 14.9 15.1 15.1

South Australia 12.5 11.4 12.7 11.4 11.5

Western Australia 49.8 47.1 48.6 44.2 41.6

Tasmania 13.0 12.3 10.9 9.9 10.9

Northern Territory 29.1 28.8 30.9 26.8 20.4

Australian Capital Territory 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Australia (b) 17.7 16.2 17.2 15.7 14.7

(a) State in which the final stage of manufacture or production occurs. FOB value

(b) Includes re-exports and state figures not available for publication. Australian total, therefore, may not equal sum of states and territories. Sources: ABS, International Trade in Goods and Services, Cat. no. 5368.0; ABS, Australian National Accounts: State Accounts, Cat. no. 5220.0 Note: This table is based on national accounts data and is only updated for the financial year publication

0

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NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Percentage of gross state product, 2015-16

State Statistical Bulletin 2016 26

Chapter 8: Social Statistics 8.1 Population

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Population (a) - '000

New South Wales 7 358.3 7 462.4 7 573.1 7 681.4 7 797.8

Victoria 5 712.1 5 837.8 5 966.2 6 097.6 6 244.2

Queensland 4 611.3 4 688.9 4 753.2 4 813.3 4 883.7

South Australia 1 663.2 1 678.4 1 694.0 1 706.6 1 717.0

Western Australia 2 462.7 2 508.2 2 533.0 2 551.0 2 567.8

Tasmania 512.1 513.2 514.3 516.1 519.1

Northern Territory 239.4 243.1 243.2 244.4 245.0

Australian Capital Territory 380.0 386.7 392.6 399.6 406.4

Australia 22 942.2 23 321.7 23 672.6 24 012.8 24 385.6

Annual change - per cent

New South Wales 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5

Victoria 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.4

Queensland 2.0 1.7 1.4 1.3 1.5

South Australia 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.6

Western Australia 3.2 1.8 1.0 0.7 0.7

Tasmania 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.6

Northern Territory 2.9 1.5 0.1 0.5 0.3

Australian Capital Territory 2.2 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.7

Australia 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.6

(a) Estimated resident population numbers are as at December of each year. Source: ABS, Australian Demographic Statistics, Cat. no. 3101.0

0

1

2

3

NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Annual change - per cent, 2016

State Statistical Bulletin 2016 27

8.2 Apparent school retention rates

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Apparent retention rates from Year 10 to Year 12 (a)

New South Wales 77.6 79.8 79.5 79.8 81.5

Victoria 85.8 85.5 85.0 86.0 87.1

Queensland 86.2 87.9 87.0 88.5 90.1

South Australia 85.1 87.4 89.3 90.7 92.2

Western Australia 79.6 79.2 79.6 82.0 85.4

Tasmania 68.6 69.7 67.4 67.5 69.0

Northern Territory 54.7 58.4 55.8 60.0 68.0

Australian Capital Territory 82.6 84.3 83.8 84.4 84.8

Australia 81.9 83.1 82.8 83.7 85.5

Apparent retention rates from Year 7/8 to Year 12 (b)

New South Wales 76.3 78.4 78.9 80.1 81.4

Victoria 85.4 85.8 85.8 86.2 87.1

Queensland 88.3 88.7 88.1 89.3 90.4

South Australia 86.3 89.8 91.7 92.9 94.4

Western Australia 81.7 80.7 81.1 82.3 86.4

Tasmania 69.4 70.6 68.0 67.9 68.1

Northern Territory 46.3 47.8 49.1 54.9 57.5

Australian Capital Territory 82.5 84.8 82.6 85.5 85.9

Australia 82.3 83.2 83.2 84.2 85.6

(a) The number of full-time school students in Year 12 expressed as a percentage of the corresponding group at the commencement of their Year 10 schooling.

(b) The number of full-time school students in Year 12 expressed as a percentage of the corresponding group at the commencement of their secondary schooling. Source: ABS, Schools, Cat. no. 4221.0

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NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Capped apparent retention rates from Year 7/8 to Year 12, 2016

State Statistical Bulletin 2016 28

8.3 General practice bulk billing

2011-12 2012-13 2013-14 2014-15 2015-16

General practice bulk billing rate (a) - per cent

New South Wales 85.9 86.8 87.6 88.2 88.6

Victoria 80.5 82.0 83.1 84.0 84.8

Queensland 80.6 81.6 82.8 83.7 84.5

South Australia 80.5 81.3 82.3 83.3 84.0

Western Australia 72.4 72.9 75.3 77.8 80.1

Tasmania 74.8 76.1 77.0 77.3 76.7

Northern Territory 72.0 77.4 80.7 84.5 87.4

Australian Capital Territory 49.5 54.9 57.0 57.9 60.0

Australia 81.2 82.2 83.4 84.3 85.1

(a) Proportion of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse), enhanced primary care and other non-referred attendances that are bulk billed. Source: Department of Health and Ageing, Annual Medicare Statistics

40

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70

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NSW VIC QLD SA WA TAS NT ACT AUST

Bulk billing rate , 2015-16

State Statistical Bulletin 2016 29

Glossary Apparent school retention rate. The number of full-time school students in a designated level/year of education expressed as a percentage of their respective cohort group (which is either at the commencement of their secondary schooling or Year 10). For a discussion of ‘apparent’ retention rates compared to actual retention rates, see the ABS source publication, Schools, Australia, 2014 (cat. no. 4221.0) explanatory notes.

Average weekly earnings. Average gross (before tax) earnings of employees.

Average weekly ordinary time earnings. Weekly earnings attributed to award, standard or agreed hours of work.

Business investment. Private gross fixed capital formation for machinery and equipment; non-dwelling construction; livestock; and intangible fixed assets.

Consumer price index. A measure of change in the price of a basket of goods and services from a base period. Changes in the consumer price index are the most commonly used measures of inflation.

Employed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, worked for one hour or more for pay or worked for one hour or more without pay in a family business or on a family farm.

General government sector. Government departments and other entities that provide largely non-market public services and are funded mainly through taxes and other compulsory levies.

General government sector net debt. Selected liabilities (deposits held plus proceeds from advances plus borrowing) minus selected assets (cash and deposits plus investments plus advances outstanding) of the general government sector.

General government sector fiscal balance. The financing requirement of the general government sector. A positive sign, or fiscal surplus, indicates a net lending position; a negative sign, or fiscal deficit, indicates a net borrowing position.

General practice bulk billing rate. The percentage of general practitioner attendances (excluding practice nurse) that are bulk billed.

Gross domestic product. The total market value of goods and services produced within Australia, after deducting the cost of goods and services used up in the process of production but before deducting for depreciation.

Gross state product. Equivalent to gross domestic product except it refers to production within a state or territory rather than to the nation as a whole.

Gross state product—chain volume measures. Also known as real gross state product, this is a measure used to indicate change in the actual quantity of goods and services produced within a state or territory.

Gross state product per capita. The ratio of the chain volume measure of gross state product to an estimate of the resident population in the state or territory.

Job vacancy. A job available for immediate filling and for which recruitment action has been taken.

Job vacancy rate. The number of job vacancies expressed as a percentage of the number of employee jobs plus the number of job vacancies.

Labour force. The employed plus the unemployed.

Labour force participation rate. The number of persons in the labour force expressed as a percentage of the civilian population aged 15 years and over.

Labour productivity. Gross state product (chain volume measures) per hour worked, all sectors (that is, market and non-market sectors).

Male total average weekly earnings. Weekly ordinary time earnings plus weekly overtime earnings of all male employees. This measure of earnings is used in the process of benchmarking pensions.

Real average weekly earnings. Average weekly earnings adjusted for inflation as measured by the Consumer Price Index.

State Statistical Bulletin 2016 30

Turnover. Includes retail sales; wholesale sales; takings from repairs, meals and hiring of goods; commissions from agency activity; and net takings from gaming machines. Turnover includes the Goods and Services Tax.

Unemployed persons. Persons aged 15 and over who, during a period of one week, were not employed but had actively looked for work in the previous four weeks and were available to start work.

Unemployment rate. The number of unemployed persons expressed as a percentage of the labour force.

Wage price index. A measure of change in the price of labour (that is, wages, salaries and overtime) unaffected by changes in the quality or quantity of work performed.

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