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Defence: a quick guide to key internet links



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RESEARCH PAPER SERIES, 2014-15 30 OCTOBER 2014

Defence: a quick guide to key internet links David Watt and Nicole Brangwin

Foreign Affairs, Defence and Security Section

Australian Parliament

Joint Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade (JSCFADT)—considers Defence-related matters such as departmental annual reports and Commonwealth Auditor-General reports. Previous inquiries include the care of military personnel wounded or injured on operations, Defence Trade Controls Bill 2011 and the Royal Australian Air Force’s F-111 Deseal-Reseal program.

Senate Standing Committees on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade (SSCFADT)—comprises two committees: the Legislation Committee considers Bills referred by the Senate, conducts the Estimates process and reviews departmental performance. The References Committee deals with all other issues referred by the Senate. Previous inquiries include the Military Court of Australia Bill 2011, Defence Legislation Amendment (Security of Defence Premises) Bill 2010 and procurement procedures for Defence capital projects.

Australian Government

The Defence portfolio comprises a number of organisations that support the Australian Defence Force (ADF) and the broader Defence organisation, including:

Australian Signals Directorate (formerly the Defence Signals Directorate)—Australia’s signals intelligence and information security agency.

Capability Development Group—develops proposals for the ADF’s future capabilities for government consideration.

Defence Community Organisation—supports Defence families on a range of matters including family support while ADF members are deployed overseas, family support information for relocation, bereavement, childcare and children’s education.

Defence Honours and Awards Appeals Tribunal—an independent statutory body that reviews appeals arising in relation to Defence honours and awards.

Defence Housing Australia—manages housing and related services for Defence personnel and their families.

Defence Materiel Organisation (DMO)—responsible for the acquisition and sustainment of equipment for the ADF. The DMO website also provides a resource for industry called the Defence + Industry ePortal.

Defence People Group—includes responsibilities for developing and maintaining people policy and culture such as the ADF’s Pathway to change initiative.

The Defence Reserves Support—website which provides information for Reservists and employers of Reservists.

Defence Science and Technology Organisation—the ADF’s research and development arm which aims to enhance ADF capabilities. ISSN 2203-5249

Defence Security Authority—handles protective security matters for Defence.

Defence Support and Reform Group (DSRG)—has wide ranging responsibilities, including looking after the Defence estate and managing contracts for work on new facilities.

Directorate of Honours and Awards—responsible for the provision of recognition of service through the awarding of medals to ADF personnel and defence civilians.

The ADF comprises three Services:

Royal Australian Navy, which regularly produces the Navy News publication.

Australian Army, which regularly produces the Army news publication.

Royal Australian Air Force, which regularly produces the Air Force news publication.

Topical issues on the Department of Defence website are listed below:

Defence UXO (unexploded ordnance)—lists sites that are at risk of contamination from UXOs such as ammunition, grenades, bombs, etc.

Exercises—provides information about current ADF exercises.

Global Operations—provides information about current ADF deployments.

The Department of Veterans’ Affairs (DVA) assists veterans and their families in the provision of pensions, health care, counselling, rehabilitation, home care assistance, and many other services. DVA is also responsible for some areas that commemorate Australians at war:

DVA Grants—offers grants to veterans, their families, and welfare organisations.

World War Two Nominal Roll—users can search the Second World War nominal roll by service, service number, name, honours and place (birth and enlistment). Note: the Australian War Memorial hosts the Boer War and World War One Nominal Rolls.

Korean War Nominal Roll—contains service record information on more than 18,000 Australian personnel who served during the Korean War from 27 June 1950 to 19 April 1956.

Vietnam Veterans Nominal Roll—lists service record information about Australian military and civilian personnel who served in the Vietnam War between 23 May 1962 and 29 April 1975.

Preliminary Gulf War Nominal Roll—includes service details of 1,872 ADF personnel who served in the Persian Gulf from August 1990 to September 1991.

Office of Australian War Graves—responsible for the commemoration of Australia’s war dead in Australia and overseas.

Australian Civil-Military Centre (ACMC)—formed in November 2008, ACMC focuses on developing effective approaches to civil-military collaboration in conflict and disaster management. Staff that make up the ACMC are drawn from various sectors including the Attorney-General’s Department, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (Aid section), Australian Council for International Development (ACFID), ADF, Department of Defence, Australian Federal Police and the New Zealand Government.

It’s an honour—an Australian Government website that provides an easy reference to Australia’s system of honours and awards, protocols for the use of Australian symbols like the national flag and the Commonwealth Coat of Arms and which includes a database listing Australia’s honours and awards recipients.

Military history Anzac Centenary—Australian Government portal established to commemorate the Centenary of Anzac (2014 to 2018) which includes information about commemorations and grants.

Anzac Day Kit (Parliamentary Library)—a publication designed to assist Senators and Members with their ceremonial duties on Anzac Day.

Australian War Memorial (AWM)—a combination of shrine, museum and archive, the AWM’s mission is ‘to assist Australians to remember, interpret and understand the Australian experience of war and its enduring

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impact on Australian society’. The AWM’s website provides online searching of their collection, which includes war records.

Commonwealth War Graves Commission (United Kingdom)—an organisation that administers the cemeteries and memorials of Commonwealth personnel killed during the two world wars. The Commission also has an archive that documents the history of the organisation and a function that easily searches specific memorial sites and war graves.

National Archives of Australia (NAA)—provides access to information about service records held at the NAA. The NAA wartime service holdings date back to the Boer War and include documents from the Australian Navy, Army and Air Force, personnel records and case files, film footage and other defence-related matters. The NAA also administers the Discovering Anzacs website, which has a searchable map of Australia that enables the user to find lists of people who served during the First World War and are associated, through birth or enlistment, with particular towns and cities. Individual service records are also available.

Strategic studies Australian Defence Force Warfare Centre (ADFWC)—a tri-Service education and training centre primarily focused on the joint and combined operational environment. ADFWC includes the Joint Doctrine Centre, Training Centre, Simulation Centre and a Peace Operations Training Centre.

Sea Power Centre - Australia (SPC-A)—the Royal Australian Navy’s maritime strategy and historical research facility. The SPC-A produces a number of research publications including Working Papers and the regular series of Semaphore.

The Australian Army’s Land Warfare Studies Centre provides a forum for debate and discussion on strategic issues relevant to Army and regularly produces publications such as Working Papers (hard copy) and the Australian Army Journal. The Australian Army History Unit develops policy for the preservation and promotion of Army history through oral history, museum networking and primary materials (archive items).

Air Power Development Centre (APDC)—provides strategic analysis and advice to the Chief of Air Force and the Royal Australian Air Force. The APDC also releases regular publications such as Pathfinder and Working Papers.

Australian think tanks and non-government organisations

Air Power Australia—provides research and analysis on air power ‘in the context of a modern integrated joint national force structure’ and contributes to air power debates.

ANU Strategic and Defence Studies Centre—an academic facility that conducts research on strategic developments in military, Australian defence and Asia-Pacific security studies. The Centre produces some ‘one-off’ publications as well as defence and strategic working papers and commentary on key defence and security issues.

Australian Defence Association (ADA)—a self-described ‘public interest watchdog’ that advocates on behalf of ADF members and veterans on a variety of defence-related issues. ADA is funded by membership fees and small donations from individuals and companies.

Australian Strategic Policy Institute (ASPI)—established in 2001 as an independent think tank and partially funded by the Australian Government. ASPI produces analysis and commentary, hosts key industry events and maintains a weblog, The Strategist, which covers a range of strategic and defence-related issues. ASPI also produces the annual Defence budget review publication The Cost of Defence.

Future Directions International—a Perth-based independent research organisation that produces regular publications on strategic issues from an Indian Ocean perspective.

Kokoda Foundation—a think tank with a mixture of private and public funding. Publications include the Security Challenges journal and Kokoda Papers series, which feature contributions from prominent experts in the field of regional strategic security.

Lowy Institute for International Policy—an independent think tank that provides research and analysis on a wide range of foreign affairs and strategic policy, defence and security issues. Lowy produces a number of analytical publications and promotes debate and commentary on key issues via its weblog The Interpreter.

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Sir Richard Williams Foundation—an ‘independent research organisation whose purpose is to promote the development and effective implementation of national security and defence policies as they impact on Australia’s ability to generate air power appropriate to its unique geopolitical environment and values’. The Foundation produces papers and commentary on strategic air power issues.

International think tanks and organisations Brookings Institution (United States)—a non-profit public policy organisation that produces a range of publications on relevant national security issues that can be viewed by topic from their ‘defense and security’ page.

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (United States)—a self-described ‘global network of policy research’, formed in 1910, that centres on international affairs, including defence and security.

Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments (CSBA—United States)—established in 1983 as an independent, non-profit public policy research facility, the CSBA produces studies and briefs on national security and strategic defence planning matters.

Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS—United States)—established 50 years ago as a think tank focusing on international relations and global security issues. CSIS produces books, reports, newsletters and commentary to inform public and private decision makers about key defence and strategic issues.

Chatham House (United Kingdom)—a think tank that provides a forum for discussion in the areas of energy, environment and resources, economics, international security and international law. Key publications include International Affairs, The World Today and other reports and papers.

Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia-Pacific (CSCAP)—established in 1993, CSCAP is a non-governmental organisation involving strategic studies centres from 21 nations in the Asia Pacific region (Australia, Brunei, Cambodia, Canada, China, Europe, India, Indonesia, Japan, DPR Korea, Korea, Malaysia, Mongolia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, Thailand, United States of America and Vietnam) and one associate member (Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat).

Human Security Report Project (Canada)—‘tracks global and regional trends in organized violence, their causes and consequences’. The Project regularly publishes the results of its research and analysis, including statistics on organised violence.

International Crisis Group (ICG)—an independent, non-profit, non-government organisation that deploys field analysts in key locations around the world and develops reports and briefing papers on crises at those locations. These reports and briefing papers lend support to the ICG’s high-level advocacy efforts on appropriate response mechanisms to various crises.

International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS—United Kingdom)—founded in 1958 as an independent organisation to focus on arms control and nuclear deterrence issues. The IISS assesses the capacity of foreign armed forces and provides research and analysis via a number of key publications, including the Armed Conflict Database and Global Strategic Review. The IISS’s flagship annual publication, Military Balance (since 1961) summarises trends in military developments by country and region.

RAND Corporation—established over 60 years ago as an international think tank to provide research and analysis on a wide range of public policy issues, including defence and international relations. RAND produces special reports and undertakes detailed commissioned studies such as Australia’s submarine design capabilities and capacities.

Royal United Services Institute (RUSI—United Kingdom)—a think tank founded in 1831 that specialises in defence and security issues. RUSI has chapters located in each state and territory of Australia.

S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS—Singapore)—originally established in 1996 as the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies, RSIS focuses on security and international affairs studies in the Asia-Pacific region. RSIS produces a range of publications including monographs, Working Papers, policy briefs and papers, and commentaries.

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI—Sweden)—established in 1966 to conduct research and analysis and advise stakeholders on arms control and conflict issues. SIPRI’s military expenditure database

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provides data on 171 countries going back to 1988. The SIPRI website also feature databases on multilateral peace operations, arms transfers and arms embargoes.

Foreign defence

North America Congressional Budget Office (United States)

Department of Defense (United States)

Acquisition, Technology and Logistics

Arms Control and Disarmament Agency

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)

Missile Defence Agency

Strategic Studies Institute (US Army War College)

Department of National Defence and the Canadian Forces (Canada)

Government Accountability Office (United States)

National Security Council (United States)

North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD—Canada and United States)

Asia-Pacific Chinese People’s Liberation Army

Kementerian Pertahanan Republik Indonesia (Indonesia-no English version)

MINDEF and Singapore Armed Forces

Ministry of Defense (Japan)

Ministry of Defence (Malaysia)

Ministry of Defence (New Zealand)

Ministry of National Defense (Republic of Korea)

New Zealand Defence Force

Papua New Guinea Defence Force

Royal Thai Armed Forces

Europe European Defence Agency

Federal Ministry of Defence (Germany)

Ministère de la Défense (France)

Ministry of Defence (Denmark)

Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom)

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

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